My BEST Dentists Journal


Study quantifies the effect of early free sugar intake on dental caries

Free sugar consumption was measured in children enrolled in the Barwon Infant Study at age 18-months and 4-years. The exposure, free sugar intake was quantified as continuous and binary variables indicating less than 5% of total energy intake (TEI) at 18-months and 4-years of age.

The prevalence of dental caries was obtained from dental records. Multiple logistic regression estimated the effect of the exposure variables on the presence of dental caries at 4-6 years of age, adjusting for potential confounders.

Of the original birth cohort, dietary data (N=863) and dental caries data (N=368) were available. 70.4% and 36.7% participants consumed less than 5% TEI from free sugars at 18-months and 4-years, respectively.

Dental caries affected 46.7% of children. In fully adjusted models, free sugar at 18-months (OR 1.74; 95% CI 1.06, 2.86 per 5% of TEI) and at 4-years of age (OR 1.43; 95% CI 0.90, 2.28, per 5% of TEI) increased dental caries risk at 4-6 years. The estimated effect of consuming less than 5% free sugars of TEI at 18-months and 4-years of age on dental caries prevalence at 4-6 years was an OR 0.71, 95% CI 0.42, 1.19 and OR: 0.61; 95% CI 0.38, 0.97 respectively.

The estimated effect of lowering free sugars to less than 5% of TEI at both timepoints compared to exceeding 5% TEI at one or both timepoints, on dental caries risk at 4-6 years was an OR 0.55; 95% CI 0.33, 0.93.

The authors concluded that between 18-months and 4-years, free sugar consumption increased markedly with two thirds of children exceeding 5% of TEI at 4-years of age.

Early free sugar intake increases the risk of dental caries at 4-6-years of age.

by News Medical Life Sciences

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How Regular Dental Visits Can Help Reduce Health Care Costs for People With Diabetes and Heart Disease

he benefits of getting your teeth cleaned go beyond dental care. Regular cleanings also appear to help prevent more significant and costly health challenges for those with diabetes and coronary artery disease, according to new research from the Mayo Clinic.

The study, published in Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry, researched how preventative oral care impacts the costs associated with care related to diabetes and coronary artery disease. The findings showed that regular dental cleanings and exams translate into significant savings in overall health care costs. 

"Besides better oral outcome, regular preventive dental visits are associated with better health outcomes among patients with diabetes and chronic artery disease, resulting in significant savings in health care costs," lead investigator Bijan Borah, PhD, a health services researcher at Mayo Clinic told Health.

Interestingly, cost is one of the primary reasons people avoid going to the dentist, as many health insurance plans do not include dental coverage.

Here's a closer look at the ramifications of the study for your health and your finances.

Because previous research has associated periodontal disease—an infection in the gums, or the tissues that hold your teeth together—with other medical conditions like heart disease, diabetes and obesity, the Mayo Clinic research team set out to evaluate how regular, preventive dental care might impact overall health care costs.

The question is particularly relevant as ​​past research suggests that the bacteria behind gum disease can travel throughout the body, triggering systemic inflammation. In addition, poor oral health has been linked to numerous health conditions. Beyond diabetes and heart disease, a relationship has been established between poor oral health and pneumonia, Alzheimer's disease and even cancer.

The irony of this connection is that cost is quite often a barrier to dental care and most insurance plans, including Medicare, do not include dental care. As a result, many people avoid regular teeth cleanings and exams. But a healthier mouth has been linked to less hospitalizations, and consequently, reduced expenditures.

To examine the question of health care costs, Mayo researchers recruited 11,734 people who had either diabetes or coronary artery disease, or both conditions. Participants were enrolled in a health care plan in Arkansas that included dental care coverage. The participants were enrolled in the plan for at least a year between 2014 and 2018.

The team compared the total health care costs — specifically, claims for inpatient and outpatient care and prescription medication costs — of those who had gone to at least one preventive dental visit to those who did not receive any preventive dental care.

by Julia Ries

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Patrick Brambert, D.D.S., invited to screen his short film at L.A. film festival

Illinois man wears many hats: filmmaker, soldier, actor, dentist

(Second photo) Patrick Brambert, D.D.S, right, wrote, directed and acts in the cooking show spoof “Kitchen Spaces,” a 10-minute short film that was accepted in the Dances with Films film festival in Los Angeles. Photo courtesy of Dr. Brambert.

When Chicagoland was sweltering in mid-June with sky-high heat indexes, Patrick Brambert, D.D.S., was escaping from the area to make his first-ever trip to Los Angeles.

Dr. Brambert wasn’t there to savor the cool breeze-kissed beaches. As writer, director and star, he was invited there to screen his 10-minute film, "Kitchen Spaces," at the Dances with Films film festival, held at the iconic TCL Chinese Theatre on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

A cooking-show spoof, Dr. Brambert described the short film as a cross between “The Office” and “Between Two Ferns,” two shows that use awkwardness as a springboard for laughs.

"I like cringey humor a little too much,” Dr. Brambert said.His trip to a film festival was just one of the many feathers in his cap. Besides being a filmmaker, Dr. Brambert is a Second City-trained improv comic, Army National Guard soldier and associate dentist at Dental Essence in Addison, Illinois.

Add all of that to a home life with his wife and two children under the age of 3, and you’ve found someone with more energy than many of his peers.

“I don’t think I’ll ever leave dentistry behind,” said the 30-year-old. “But I like variety in my week.”Dr. Brambert was in Oklahoma last year for Army National Guard basic training when he wrote the script for “Kitchen Spaces” in between — and during — long runs while living in constant fear of drill sergeants. 

He said he has wanted to serve in the military about as long as he has wanted to be dentist, actor and filmmaker, with cherished memories of elaborately staged battle campaigns with his G.I. Joes as a child.

Besides inhabiting the personas of G.I. Joe characters Cobra Commander and Snake Eyes during playtime, Dr. Brambert loved visiting his pediatric dentist. That dentist, who inspired him to go to dental school at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry and Dental Clinics, was so beloved that Dr. Brambert insisted on keeping him as his dentist all the way until Dr. Brambert was 21 and half-a-foot longer than the length of the operatory chair.

Before his dental school graduation in 2017, Dr. Brambert completed an externship at a special-needs clinic in Iowa as well as an additional externship on a Native American reservation in Cass Lake, Minnesota. Once he graduated, he practiced for several years in the western Chicago suburbs. On the side, he completed the improv program at The Second City theater where he performed with the Yellow Belly Improv Group before landing an associateship at Dental Essence, owned by Paul N. Greico, D.D.S.

“He’s a really caring person,” said Dr. Greico. “He has a great rapport with his patients, and he’s highly qualified. He’s committed to dentistry and enjoys what he’s doing in dentistry. He’s just really a good guy, and a great family man.”When he is not on diaper duty at home or National Guard duty, Dr. Brambert trains with acting coach Max Arciniega. Mr. Arciniega is best known for his role as Domingo Gallardo "Krazy-8" Molina in the critically acclaimed series "Better Call Saul" and "Breaking Bad.” 

The dentist acts when the opportunity presents itself. For example, Dr. Brambert played a jail guard in the television show "Chicago P.D." last season.As expected, Dr. Brambert has several goals in life, befitting someone who seems up for everything. One goal is to become more confident with implant placing, and second is becoming a fellow in the Academy of General Dentistry.But that’s not it. Of course not.

He is also hoping to hear from connections made in Los Angeles about turning “Kitchen Spaces” into a half-hour series on network TV.

It is entirely possible, especially since he has more energy than most.

by David Burger

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Baby teeth may one day help identify kids at risk for mental disorders later in life

The team analysed 70 primary teeth collected from 70 children enrolled in the Children of the 90s study (also known as the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children) based at the University of Bristol. Parents donated primary teeth (specifically, the pointed teeth on each side of the front of the mouth known as canines) that naturally fell out of the mouths of children aged 5 to 7.

The results of this study could one day lead to the development of a much-needed tool for identifying children who have been exposed to early-life adversity, which is a risk factor for psychological problems, allowing them to be monitored and guided towards preventive treatments, if necessary.

The origin of this study traces back several years, when senior author Erin C. Dunn, ScD, MPH, learned about work in the field of anthropology that could help solve a longstanding problem in her own research. Dunn is a social and psychiatric epidemiologist and an investigator in MGH's Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Genetics Unit. She studies the effects of childhood adversity, which research suggests is responsible for up to one-third of all mental health disorders.

Dunn is particularly interested in the timing of these adverse events and in uncovering whether there are sensitive periods during child development when exposure to adversity is particularly harmful. Yet Dunn notes that she and other scientists lack effective tools for measuring exposure to childhood adversity. Asking people (or their parents) about painful experiences in their early years is one method, but that's vulnerable to poor recall or reluctance to share difficult memories. "That's a hindrance for this field," says Dunn.

However, Dunn was intrigued to learn that anthropologists have long studied the teeth of people from past eras to learn about their lives. "Teeth create a permanent record of different kinds of life experiences," she says.

Exposure to sources of physical stress, such as poor nutrition or disease, can affect the formation of dental enamel and result in pronounced growth lines within teeth, called stress lines, which are similar to the rings in a tree that mark its age. Just as the thickness of tree growth rings can vary based on the climate surrounding the tree as it forms, tooth growth lines can also vary based on the environment and experiences a child has in utero and shortly thereafter, the time when teeth are forming. Thicker stress lines are thought to indicate more stressful life conditions.

Dunn developed a hypothesis that the width of one variety in particular, called the neonatal line (NNL), might serve as an indicator of whether an infant's mother experienced high levels of psychological stress during pregnancy (when teeth are already forming) and in the early period following birth.

To test this hypothesis, Dunn and two co-lead authors -- postdoctoral research fellow Rebecca V. Mountain, PhD, and data analyst Yiwen Zhu, MS, who were both in the Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Genetics Unit at the time of the study -- led a team that analysed the teeth. The width of the NNL was measured using microscopes.

Mothers completed questionnaires during and shortly after pregnancy that asked about four factors that are known to affect child development: stressful events in the prenatal period, maternal history of psychological problems, neighbourhood quality (whether the poverty level was high or it was unsafe, for instance), and level of social support.

Several clear patterns emerged. Children whose mothers had lifetime histories of severe depression or other psychiatric problems, as well as mothers who experienced depression or anxiety at 32 weeks of pregnancy, were more likely than other kids to have thicker NNLs.

Meanwhile, children of mothers who received significant social support shortly after pregnancy tended to have thinner NNLs. These trends remained intact after the researchers controlled for other factors that are known to influence NNL width, including iron supplementation during pregnancy, gestational age (the time between conception and birth) and maternal obesity.

No one is certain what causes the NNL to form, says Dunn, but it's possible that a mother experiencing anxiety or depression may produce more cortisol, the "stress hormone," which interferes with the cells that create enamel. Systemic inflammation is another candidate, says Dunn, who hopes to study how the NNL forms.

And if the findings of this research can be replicated in a larger study, she believes that the NNL and other tooth growth marks could be used in the future to identify children who have been exposed to early life adversity. "Then we can connect those kids to interventions," says Dunn, "so we can prevent the onset of mental health disorders, and do that as early on in the lifespan as we possibly can."

Dunn is also an associate professor of Psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. Mountain is now a postdoctoral research fellow at Maine Medical Center Research Institute. Zhu is now a doctoral student at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

by Science Daily

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WHO emphasizes importance of fluoride in toothpastes

The World Health Organization's decision to add fluoride toothpaste to its list of essential medicines is shining a light on the benefits of toothpastes that have earned the ADA Seal of Acceptance.

WHO updated its Model List of Essential Medicines to include fluoride toothpaste, silver diamine fluoride and glass ionomer cement in fall 2021. In an editorial published in April by the British Dental Journal, Habib Benzian, D.D.S., Ph.D., research professor and co-director of the WHO Collaborating Center for Quality Improvement and Evidence-Based Dentistry at the New York University College of Dentistry, described how WHO's decision could lead countries to take steps to ensure fluoride toothpaste is available and regulated.

"Why do these changes matter for oral health? One may think that fluoride toothpaste is a ubiquitous commodity, yet for many it is unavailable, unaffordable or of dubious quality," Dr. Benzian said.

The ADA Seal, which celebrated its 90th anniversary in 2021, evaluates the safety and efficacy of dental products. More than 400 products currently have the Seal, including 57 fluoride toothpastes.

"The quality of fluoride toothpaste is instrumental for efficacy, as mentioned by WHO," said Carlos González-Cabezas, D.D.S., Ph.D., professor in the department of cariology, restorative sciences and endodontics at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry and member of the ADA Council on Scientific Affairs' Seal Subcommittee. "In the U.S., we are fortunate to have it regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. Additionally, we have the ADA Seal program that confirms the quality of the product and gives consumers reassurance that they are using a product of high quality."

A study published in 2021 by the British Dental Journal showed increasing use of nonfluoridated toothpaste, "which should be cause for public health concern," Dr. Benzian said.

Nonfluoridated toothpastes are available in the U.S., but all toothpastes that earn the ADA Seal must contain fluoride. The American Dental Association has long supported the use of fluoride as safe and effective in preventing tooth decay in both children and adults.

"The recent WHO decision to include fluoride toothpaste in the Model List of Essential Medicines is great news for the dental community and for dental health worldwide," Dr. González-Cabezas said. "In the U.S., the ADA has been a strong supporter of fluoride toothpaste for many decades as it is one of the best evidence-based caries prevention strategies available to the general public. In fact, many would argue this is the most important reason for the decline in caries prevalence in most developed countries, including the U.S., in the last 50 years."

by Mary Beth VersaciViews: 38

What Is Tooth Dilaceration?

There are many ways that your teeth malformations can affect you or your child. What is tooth dilaceration? What causes curved tooth roots? We’ve got the answers to your top questions, so you know what’s going on with you or your child’s tooth.

Tooth Dilaceration: What You Need to Know

If the crown (top) or root of a tooth has an irregular bend, this is known as a tooth dilaceration. This leads to a curved section of your or your child’s tooth, including the crown, root, or root tip. It can occur in any tooth type but is much more likely to occur in primary teeth, also known as baby teeth.

It's crucial to receive an accurate diagnosis by a dental professional, as tooth dilaceration can alter other dental care recommendations that you or your child receives. Even if not treating the dilacerated tooth directly, its presence may alter their approach to your other teeth.

Diagnosis and Causes

Because x-rays take two-dimensional images of your mouth, it can be difficult to capture the image and diagnose your dilacerated tooth fully. For this reason, cone-beam computer tomography (CBCT) is often used by your dental professional to help provide a clearer image of your condition, leading to more accurate diagnosis and treatment.

According to the International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry, the exact prevalence and range of causes are not fully understood. The typically understood causes are injury to your or your child's baby teeth, developmental issues, and various medical conditions.

The causes of dilaceration may include:

Developmental problems due to genetics or disease

Medical conditions, including cysts and tumors

Traumatic injury to your baby tooth or teeth

Baby tooth or teeth that did not properly grow out

Presence of an extra tooth or teeth

Prevention and Treatment

Because other health problems and trauma cause tooth dilaceration, it is sometimes impossible to prevent. Your best bet not to develop this condition is to avoid injury to your or your child's mouth and stay ahead of other oral health issues through proper dental care.

Regular visits to your dental professional can help catch this condition early to prevent associated issues from occurring. If your dilaceration is minor, you may likely require no treatment.

According to the International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry, treatment varies based on numerous factors. If you do require treatment, options will vary depending on:

Its severity and the underlying cause

The position and direction of the affected tooth

The amount of space around the affected tooth

The amount of root formation

Recommendation of your dental professional

If you do require treatment, the options typically require surgical intervention. Depending on your individual needs, your dental professional may recommend traction (putting pressure on your tooth) to guide your or your child's tooth or extraction of the tooth.

It’s vital to intervene with your dental professional as early as possible to prevent complications, so you’ve made the right choice to inform yourself about this condition. You’ve done a great job by acquiring an understanding of the causes and treatments for tooth dilaceration.

by Colgate

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Views: 45

Nature vs. Nurture: Dental Problems Parents Pass Down To Children

Parents, in particular, want to know: does DNA predetermine dental health? It’s the classic nature vs. nurture question that dentists get asked often, but the answer doesn’t simply boil down to one or the other. The scary truth is that many dental problems are indeed “inherited”–but not from genetics alone! Harmful habits that run in the family can also play a huge role in the health of your child’s smile. Find out which oral issues you could be passing down, and what you can do about them.


DNA-Driven Dental Issues

Even before birth, the stage has already been set for certain aspects of your child’s oral health. Ultimately, your child’s genes dictate the likelihood for common issues such as:

Jaw-related Disorders: The size and position of one’s jaws, as well as overall facial structure, are hereditary traits that can cause a number of bite complications (or “malocclusions”). Overbites or underbites caused by uneven jaws can lead to chewing and speech difficulties, and result in chronic pain and/or Temporomandibular Jaw Disorder (“TMJ”) if left untreated.

Tooth Misalignments: Spacing problems, either due to missing or overcrowded teeth, are oral issues that have been hardwired in a person even before the emergence of teeth. Cases where people lack some (“Anodontia”) or all (“Hypodontia”) permanent teeth can threaten gum and jaw health, as can instances of “supernumerary” teeth, in which extra teeth erupt.

Weak Tooth Enamel: Though rare, it is possible for tooth enamel to be defective, or develop abnormally. Dentin, which makes up the protective enamel covering of teeth, may not be produced or mineralize at normal levels, leaving teeth vulnerable to decay, sensitivity and damage.

Predisposition To Oral Cancer: Genetic mutations and the presence of oncogenes, a type of gene that transforms healthy cells into cancerous ones, can increase the risk for cancer by interfering with the body’s ability to metabolize certain carcinogens.

From serious conditions such as a cleft palate, to occasional aggravations like canker sores, many other oral issues may be linked to genetics. Keeping track and sharing the family’s health history with your child’s dentist can help detect and treat inherited conditions as early as possible.

Behavioral Risks

DNA may deal your child some unavoidable complications, but when it comes to tooth decay and gum disease, learned habits and tendencies shoulder much more of the blame, including:

“Oversharing”: Harmful oral bacteria from a loved one can easily colonize and overtake your little one’s mouth from something as simple as sharing food, utensils, or kissing. The inadvertent swapping of saliva can put your child at increased risk for cavities and gingivitis.

Diet Choices: Satisfying that sweet tooth with sugary, refined treats, or turning to soda and juice for refreshment can create an unhealthy addiction that’s as dangerous to the mouth as it is to the waist. Sugar and acid can eat away at the tooth enamel, causing cavities and tooth sensitivity. Exposure to certain chemicals and ingredients can also cause discoloration.

Bad Hygiene: Last, but certainly not least, lacking a good dental routine can wreak havoc on teeth and gums. Failing to follow through on brushing and flossing twice a day (or as recommended by the dentist) can create a haven for cavities and periodontitis, not to mention halitosis.

Leading by example is an easy, effective way to teach your child the importance of oral health while benefitting the whole family.

Stay One Step Ahead

Every parent wants the best for his or her child–including a healthy smile. With so many potential problems that can be passed down, protecting your child’s oral health is not easy, but you don’t have to do it alone. Seek the help of your child’s dentist for optimal professional and at-home dental care. Treating existing issues early on and teaching your child to make dental-friendly decisions can provide lifelong benefits to his or her health.

by Dr. Meghan Toland, DMD

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Common Dental Myths and Misconceptions

How you take care of your teeth affects your overall health. Indicators of your well-being are a healthy set of teeth. Thus, it isn’t a surprise that many people today consider oral health as one of their top priorities for maintaining a healthy lifestyle. 

While good oral health can be accomplished by taking a few minutes for yourself daily, irreversible damage can be done with the wrong practices. There is an enormous amount of advice available online regarding tips for appropriate oral care. Unfortunately, there are a lot of misconceptions when it comes to taking care of your smile. The message can sometimes get crossed with new developments that are happening in healthcare every day. Dental myths can make your oral health deteriorate instead of making your teeth healthy.

The following are some common dental myths and the truth behind them.

Myth: “You will clean your teeth more thoroughly if you brush harder.”

The truth: A too abrasive toothbrush or brushing your teeth too hard can erode some of the hard enamel that has a function of protecting the insides of the tooth from decay and cavities. Instead of keeping your teeth cleaner, this will actually harm them. Doctors always recommend a soft-bristled toothbrush.

Myth: “Flossing creates spaces between your teeth.”

The truth: Flossing prevents tooth decay between your teeth, it does not create spaces between them. When flossing, you remove food debris around your hums and teeth, and by removing the harmful bacteria you keep your mouth healthy. When you start flossing your teeth, you might experience bleedings gums, but a few weeks into the routine the bleeding will go away. If the bleeding continues to happen, you might have a more severe case of gum disease and we recommend making an appointment at the dentist. Your dentist will help you determine the reason and develop a treatment plan.

Myth: “If you brush your teeth really well before going to the dentist, no one will be able to tell you haven’t been regularly brushing your teeth”

The truth: Hard tartar will form around your teeth if you don’t regularly brush and floss them, and it will no longer be possible to get it off with brushing your teeth. After tartar and plague have accumulated over a long period of time you can’t undo the inflammation in your gums. The amount of tartar and the bleeding gums are a dead giveaway to bad oral hygiene.

Myth: “Only sugar causes cavities.”

The truth: Sugar itself doesn’t cause cavities, although it can contribute to it. As the sugar breaks down, it feeds the bacteria that creates plaque in your mouth and it makes the acid that wears away the enamel of your teeth worse. Even if you don’t consume sugar, you will still be risking cavities if you don’t brush and floss properly. Sugar produces more acid and increases the chances of cavities if it stays longer in your mouth, so you should brush your teeth and rinse your mouth after eating sugary food. Also, sugar isn’t the only cause for tooth cavities. Sugar-free carbonated drinks, alcohol, citrus fruits, and starchy foods can also be blamed for damaging your teeth. In order to prioritize your oral health, you should replace these foods with vegetables and fruits that have a lot of fiber in them. These types of food will restore the mineral in your teeth by generating the flow of saliva.

Myth: “You don’t need the dentist if you aren’t experiencing a toothache.”

The truth: When it comes to oral health, people who don’t visit the dentist regularly end up paying the price. Even if everything seems normal, you must visit the dentist on a regular basis in order to prevent oral health diseases. You won’t be able to see some oral health problems at the begging. For example, when cavities are starting to form, you won’t feel any pain immediately. The best way to maintain good oral health is to do dental exams every six months because that’s how you can spot the trouble before it even starts.

Myth: “White teeth are healthy teeth.”

The truth: It is a common misconception that teeth that are pearly white are healthy. People don’t have the same natural color for their teeth, so having white teeth isn’t the standard for good oral health. Natural tooth color varies in lightness and is especially dependent on our age. It doesn’t mean that a person has better oral hygiene if they have whiter teeth than another. Primary indications of good oral health are zero cavity and fresh breath.

Myth: “Chewing gum is like brushing your teeth.”

The truth: Chewing gum cannot replace brushing your teeth. While chewing gums can promote better breath and cleaner teeth, it cannot replace regularly brushing and flossing your teeth.

by Modern Days Smiles

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Views: 54

Five Ways To Fix Teeth Discoloration

Are your teeth not quite pearly or white? Don’t worry, we have five easy solutions to make your teeth whiter and brighter.

Did you know that one-third of Americans are unhappy with their smile? That statistic includes more than teeth discoloration but having yellow teeth was definitely a complaint from survey respondents.

Are you one of that 1/3? Have you tried or looked at trying commercial whitening strips in the past, but found them too expensive or inefficient? If yes — that’s because there are better ways to fix teeth discoloration, like by talking to your dentist about it.

Want to know what your dentist would suggest if you asked them about yellow teeth? Read about the dentist-approved methods below.

1. Reduce Consumption of Staining Foods

While you can’t go back and time and un-eat or un-drink all the things you’ve consumed in the past, you can prevent your teeth discoloration from getting worse. This is especially important if you use one of the more efficient teeth whitening methods below, as you’ll want to protect your investment.

Some of the worst foods that turn your pearly whites into yellowy whites are…

Black Coffee

The issue with coffee isn’t so much its dark color, but its high acidity. That acidity hurts your enamel, which, in turn, allows the color to discolor your teeth.

We’re not suggesting you stop drinking coffee. We know that’s unrealistic and mean to suggest. Instead, try adding a little more milk or creamer to your cup of joe. Milk and creamers (and some plant milk) have fats in them, which reduces the effect of the coffee’s acidity on your teeth.

Red Wine

Alas, it’s true. Dark wine can discolor your teeth if you drink enough of it. Instead of turning them yellow, however, they get a little blue. Just ask the French, who have this problem often.

If you’re going to keep drinking red wine, make sure to rinse by drinking water afterward and ask your dentist for a neutralizing mouthwash recommendation.

Cutting back on wine, coffee, and other foods that are bad for your teeth won’t retroactively whiten them, but they can help you keep your new teeth (see below) healthy for longer.

2. Get Regular Cleanings

It’s possible that you have naturally white teeth but that they’re hiding under all that plaque. Plaque is a substance that builds up on your teeth when you eat, drink, and just generally live your life.

It’s a film of bacteria that builds up and can be taken care of by regular brushing and flossing. If it builds up for too long or you’re not doing a good job brushing, it can cause tooth decay, discoloration, gum disease, and increased tartar build-up.

Plaque and tartar are what your hygienist removes from the cracks of your teeth when they use the scraping tool during cleanings.

If you’re thinking, “but I do brush my teeth!”, it’s possible you don’t brush them well. You should be brushing twice a day for 2 minutes each time.

Ask your hygienist or dentist if you’re missing a certain area of your teeth while brushing to improve your technique — no one is perfect, and they’ll respect you for asking!

3. Get a Professional Whitening Done

The most effective way to fix tooth decoloration, at least, without getting “new” teeth, is to get professional whitening done at your local dentist office.

Your dentist will prescribe a specific treatment strength and length for you, based on the types of teeth stains you have and your sensitivity levels. Those are two things you won’t get from at-home whitening kits, which are made to be much stronger than they need to be.

If you’ve ever used one, you probably remember having heightened sensitivity or even pain after going through a course of at-home whitening treatments. While in-clinic treatments aren’t perfect, they’re a lot less likely to cause you pain — during the treatment and after.

Think that getting your teeth professionally whitened will take too long? Our clinic prides itself on being fast and efficient, without losing quality. We’ll get it done as quickly as possible so you can get back to your day, with your teeth shining.

4. Veneers

Sometimes whitening isn’t the best option. Either it would take too many treatments to fix the types of teeth stains that are part of your tooth discoloration issues or you have sensitivity issues.

If that’s the case, look into getting veneers. They’ve come a long way since you heard about them (or even got them) as a child and the process is getting more pleasant.

If you have white stains on teeth, veneers are a better option than whitening, as whitening teeth can just make those stains whiter.

The veneers we use are custom porcelain, which we custom-shape to your teeth using CAD/CAM technology.

Additionally, the coating on our veneers is stain-resistant, so you don’t have to add that much milk or creamer to your coffee as we suggested above.

Are you dealing with more issues than just teeth discoloration? Veneers are multi-use. They can help create the appearance of closing gaps between teeth, reshape a crooked tooth without painful drilling, and aren’t as involved as getting dental implants (though those are sometimes necessary).

Veneers are something our dentists specialize in, so let the team know if you’re interested in them at your next appointment or by calling our office staff.

5. Full Mouth Restoration or Smile Makeover

Technically these are two different procedures, but people use the terms interchangeably. To clarify, a full-mouth restoration includes more than addressing cosmetic damage and may include dental implants, extensive dental work, and possibly surgery.

A smile makeover, on the other hand, is mostly cosmetic. It could include braces, teeth whitening, getting veneers , or a combination of the three.

Your dentist will help you decide which treatment is right for you based on your specific concerns. Call today to set up a quick consultation and squeeze in a cleaning while you’re at it — you know you’re due for one (most adults are).

Addressing Teeth Discoloration: The Root of the Problem

Part of fixing teeth discoloration is figuring out what made it possible in the first place. Of course, some age-related discoloration is normal, as our teeth age over time.

But if you think your teeth are more yellow or you have more teeth discoloration than other people your age, talk to your dentist about it. They can help you whiten your smile and keep it from getting re-discolored after treatment.

by Chloe Dental

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Views: 65

Can Toothpaste and Mouthwash Prevent Gum Disease?

Q. I see so many toothpaste and mouthwash products on store shelves. Do any of them really protect me against gum disease?

A. Brushing and flossing, plus getting regular cleanings, are critical to preventing gingivitis, an early stage of gum disease linked to bacteria in the mouth that can cause red, swollen, and bleeding gums.

The toothpaste that you buy should contain fluoride, which helps prevent cavities by several mechanisms, including remineralizing tooth enamel so it can be more resistant to the acid produced by decay-causing bacteria. Toothpastes with higher fluoride concentrations are also available by prescription from your dentist, if needed.

Newer toothpastes on drug store shelves contain an ingredient called stannous fluoride, which can help reduce plaque (the soft, sticky film on your teeth that can lead to cavities and gum disease). Some brands with this ingredient include: Crest ProHealth Advanced Extra Gum Protection, Crest ProHealth Clinical Plaque Control, and Parodontax. But stannous fluoride has the potential to stain teeth, so those products also contain scrubbing and whitening ingredients.

Triclosan, an antimicrobial agent in Colgate Total, has been found to be particularly effective against plaque, but it has also been linked to hormonal changes in animals and may be contributing to the development of antibiotic resistance.

According to the American Dental Association, at least part of the anti-plaque effect comes simply from the mechanical action of brushing and the cleaning power of toothpastes that contain mild abrasives.

What about mouthwash?

Likewise, some mouthwashes contain ingredients that kill bacteria, inhibit plaque formation, and thus help protect against gingivitis. If you have periodontal disease, your dentist may prescribe a rinse with chlorhexidine (such as Peridex or Perioguard), which is most effective against plaque.

“I don’t recommend using chlorhexidine long term, however,” cautions Mazen Natour, D.M.D., a Manhattan-based prosthodontist and a clinical professor at New York University College of Dentistry. “We typically prescribe chlorhexidine mouth rinses for one week prior to dental implant surgery and two weeks after. If you use them for longer than that, you may stain your teeth permanently.” Chlorhexidine can also temporarily impair tastebuds.

If you have a lot of plaque buildup or gum inflammation between cleanings, your dentist may recommend an over-the-counter rinse. Crest Pro-Health Multiprotection CPC Antigingivitis/Antiplaque Mouthwash and Colgate Total Gum Health both contain cetylpyridinium chloride 0.075 percent, a safe alternative to chlorhexidine.

The bottom line

Whether you choose to use over-the-counter products to try and prevent gingivitis or not — and Natour says those OTC products can be used on a regular basis — the game changes if your gums should bleed. In that case, you should always see a dentist as soon as possible.

“Bleeding gums indicate you have inflammation in your mouth, and it may not be because of gingivitis,” he says. “It could be caused by periodontitis [gum infection]. By using a toothpaste or a rinse instead of seeing a dentist, the problem could become more severe.” In fact, you could lose a tooth, he warns.

by Health Central

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Five ways travel can affect your dental health

Your flight is booked. Your carry-on is packed. You're ready for a change of scenery and things like "gum disease" might not be the first thing on your mind. But, whether you're on business or on holiday, sometimes travel can make your oral hygiene more likely to fall to the wayside.Here's how your oral health can take a hit while you're travelling, as well as some tips for keeping your smile healthy - even when you're off on an adventure!


1. Disrupted hygiene routines

When you're at home, you likely have a set schedule. Daily routines make it easier to brush and floss your teeth, helping keep issues like tooth decay and gum disease at bay.

Travelling means you’re more likely to go through time zone changes, which can make it tougher to know exactly when you last cleaned your teeth. Considering the long distance between Australia and many international destinations, you may require a stopover or two. During all this travel time, you might start to develop that “fuzzy tooth sensation.”

What to do

Always remember to pack a toothbrush, toothpaste and floss in your carry-on. Then, either set alarms every 10 hours or so as a reminder, or simply brush your teeth 20 minutes after each meal. If you do forget your toothbrush or floss, you can usually find what you need in airport shops or at your hotel’s front desk.


2. Hasty hygiene

When you finally do manage a break to brush your teeth, it's often in unfamiliar environments like cramped plane bathrooms. Considering these areas are high-use and can have people waiting on the other side of the door, you may end up feeling a little rushed.

What to do

Remember that a good brushing takes two minutes and that flossing should be part of the routine. Set yourself a timer and do the job justice - then be sure to thank the next person waiting in line as you leave!

3. Dietary choices

If you’re going away on holiday, it’s usually time for celebration, fun and maybe even a bit of indulgence.

For many of us, that means more dinners out at restaurants, as well as desserts, snacks and alcohol. While it’s nice to have a well-deserved treat, extra sugar and acidic ingredients can contribute to tooth decay and gum disease.

Even if you’re not on holiday, travelling for work tends to involve a lot more room service and catered meals than you’d usually eat.

What to do

You don’t have to be strict all the time, but consider occasionally choosing a healthier snack like almonds or fruit. If you do indulge, try rinsing your mouth with water immediately after you finish.

If you’re enjoying a sugary or acidic beverage, sip it through a straw to help minimise contact between the beverage and your teeth.

4. Dehydration

Dehydration is not at all uncommon during long flights. The recycled air and tiny water bottles can all contribute to you feeling wrung out and dehydrated by the time you land.

Water and your natural saliva help wash away food particles. This means a dry mouth can be a fantastic breeding ground for bacteria.

What to do

Grab a massive water bottle and keep it full before you board your flight. You can also bring a pack of sugar-free chewing gum to help stimulate the production of saliva.

Try to avoid drinking alcohol right before or during your flight - it can dehydrate you even more. 

5. Dental emergencies

Dental emergencies like knocked-out teeth and toothaches are inconvenient even when your usual dentist is nearby. A dental emergency in an unfamiliar place can result in even more questions, like where to go or what your insurance covers.

Your travel destination will dictate a lot of your dental options, especially if you’re somewhere remote or in a location that has different clinical standards than those in Australia.

What to do

Here, your best protection is prevention. Try to maintain regular dental check-ups – your dentist may be able to catch issues that could make an emergency more likely. If you plan to participate in any sports or activities that have a high risk of impact, consider asking your dentist about a custom-fitted mouthguard.

You can also ask your dentist if they have any advice on dental clinics or professionals near your travel destination.

by Bupa Dental

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Four ways you may be accidentally harming your teeth

The secret to a great smile is great teeth and keeping your teeth in great shape is also vitally important for your overall health. We all know how essential regular and thorough brushing is for our dental health, as well as flossing, but it’s still all too easy to find you’re harming your teeth without even realising it.


What we drink can have a noticeable effect on the way our teeth look; for example, if you regularly drink red wine or coffee, you could find that they stain your teeth in the same way that cigarette smoking does. Fruit drinks can also lead to staining, but they can also cause structural damage. Drinks such as hot lemon water or orange juice are certainly refreshing, and we may feel that they are a healthy option because of their vitamin content, but they are also high in natural acids which can attack tooth enamel.


We all love shiny white teeth, but as sugary drinks, wine and cigarettes aren’t the only things that can stain them. It’s no wonder, therefore, that so many people are opting for teeth whitening treatments at home. Using a home whitening kit can be risky, however, as it’s all too easy to accidentally damage your teeth and gums. On the other hand, we offer a number of teeth whitening procedures here at AP Smilecare, carried out by trained experts with years of experience. You’re in safe hands with us!


You know that you have to brush your teeth, but did you know that over brushing or brushing them at the wrong time can do more harm than good? Over vigorous manual brushing can damage the gums, which is why electric toothbrushes can be a smart purchase, and if you brush your teeth within half an hour of eating acidic food or drinking acidic juices, you could actually be brushing the damaging acid into your enamel. Always give it at least half an hour before you brush your teeth after eating, to protect yourself from this sort of accidental damage.


Fluoride is one of the greatest assets in the fight against plaque and dental diseases, but are you getting enough of it? Look for toothpaste that has at least 1,400 parts per million, by which we mean fluoride content of at least 0.14%. This can help to strengthen your teeth and fight the bacteria that can lead to tooth decay and loss.Using high-quality toothpaste with adequate fluoride content, cutting back on acidic fruit drinks or neutralising them with neutralising calcium-rich products, and brushing correctly and at the right time can give you better teeth for the rest of your life.

by AP Smile Care

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Are You Brushing Your Teeth Too Hard?

When it comes to brushing your teeth, there is such a thing as proper technique. Brushing too hard — or using the wrong toothbrush — can damage your teeth and gums, leading to problems like enamel wear and receding gums, which can, in turn, lead to tooth sensitivity, says Gene Romo, DDS, a Chicago-based dentist and consumer advisor for the American Dental Association (ADA). “People tend to brush aggressively, thinking it’s the only way they can get their teeth to feel clean and look whiter,” Dr Romo says. “That’s counterproductive because not only does it cause recession of your gums, but you’re also wearing away the white, glossy enamel on your teeth, making them look yellow and darker.” And when that happens, you’re putting yourself at risk for developing sensitive teeth.

Not sure if you’re brushing too hard? Take a look at your toothbrush. If you’ve been using it for three months or less, it should still appear relatively new. “If it looks beat up and flat, that’s a sign you’re brushing way too hard,” Romo says.

The Proper Way to Brush Your Teeth

It requires a lot of mindfulness, but you can change your hard-brushing ways, Romo says. Follow these tips to brush correctly to help relieve tooth sensitivity and prevent damage to your teeth and gums:

Use a soft-bristled toothbrush. Choose one with the ADA seal and replace it every three months — or sooner if it frays.

Place your toothbrush at a 45-degree angle to your gums. That way, the bristles can reach and clean underneath your gumline, Romo says.

Gently move the brush back and forth. Use short, tooth-wide strokes to clean the outer, inner, and chewing surfaces of the teeth, the ADA recommends. (If you have a lot of gum recession, your dentist may recommend you try the roll technique. Instead, Romo says.) If you’re using an electric toothbrush, let it do all the work and just lightly glide it over your teeth instead of pushing it against them. To make sure you’re using a gentle grip, try holding your toothbrush in your non-dominant hand.

Slow down. Dentists recommend that you brush for two full minutes — 30 seconds in each quadrant of your mouth — twice a day. Use the timer on your phone or choose an electric toothbrush that alerts you every 30 seconds. “For people who have never tried it, it can feel like an eternity. You don’t know what two minutes feels like until you brush that long,” Romo says. But when you’re not rushing to finish, it will keep you more mindful about brushing too aggressively.

Sticking with these tips can help you keep your teeth clean and your mouth healthy while eliminating symptoms of tooth sensitivity.

by Sure Dental

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Three Facts About Your Gums

Noticing gum recession? It could be a result of your brushing habits.

At our practice, we care about more than just your teeth—when you visit us for a regular checkup, it’s important that we examine your gums to ensure well-rounded oral health.

#1: Gums should not bleed when you floss.

If you don’t floss regularly, chances are you notice a little bit of blood around your gums when you do. Intermittent flossing can lead to gum disease and recession, as well as excessive plaque around your teeth. For proper oral health, we recommend flossing each day to keep your gums healthy.

#2: Bad breath can be an indicator of poor gum health.

Bad breath doesn’t always revolve around your last meal! In some cases, it can be indicative of your gum health. When gum disease is in the early stages of forming, bacteria can grow between your teeth and gums, leading to an infection that can contribute to bad breath.

#3: Brushing too hard and too frequently can cause gum recession.

One might think that the more they brush their teeth, the better their oral health is. However, this notion is wrong. Brushing too frequently can actually do damage to your gums, causing irritation and recession. Treat your gums the best by brushing every morning and night for two minutes each time.

by Parramatta Dental Clinic

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How To Identify Unhealthy Gums and Five Ways To Improve Them

Did you know that unhealthy gums could be making you sick? Gums are often overlooked in favor of our teeth when it comes to dental hygiene, but poor gum health has been linked to many other diseases. The Academy of General Dentistry agrees, stating that “research shows a link between oral health and systemic conditions.” These conditions include diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke and even cancer. Improving your gum health will benefit the function and appearance of your smile, and your overall health and wellbeing. It could even help you live longer.

Healthy vs. Unhealthy Gums

Before we get into the ways that you can improve gum health, it’s important to recognize the difference between healthy and unhealthy gums. Healthy gums look firm and pink and sit tight to the teeth. Common signs of unhealthy gums include redness, swelling, bleeding when you brush them and receding away from the teeth. When left untreated, these symptoms can turn into gum disease which is known as periodontal disease/periodontitis and can cause irreparable damage. Tooth loss, jawbone deterioration and even changes to your facial structure may occur. Fortunately, there are many ways you can improve your gum health.

1.- Floss Daily

According to the American Dental Association (ADA), The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services believes that interdental cleaners, like floss “are an essential part of taking care of your teeth and gums.” This is because flossing removes plaque and food debris that your toothbrush just can’t reach. Dentists recommend you floss at least once each day using traditional floss or an alternative like an interdental brush or water flosser.   

2.- Brush Your Teeth Twice Each Day

Most people already know that they should brush their teeth at least twice each day. Nevertheless, it’s crucial not to cut corners. Dentists recommend you brush for at least two minutes each time, working your way methodically across the teeth. Don’t forget your tongue which can harbor bacteria and cause bad breath, too. Use fluoride toothpaste and a small toothbrush with soft bristles since firm bristles can actually damage your gums.

3.- Drink Plenty of Water

Water is the best thing that you can drink if you want to maintain a healthy mouth and fantastic smile. Drinking water can help flush away food debris that could otherwise cause plaque to form. Swap soft and caffeinated drinks for water where possible, and always have still water [not sparkling water] with your snacks and meals.

4.- Quit Smoking

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) state, “Smoking is an important cause of severe gum disease in the United States.” In fact, smokers have twice the risk for gum disease compared with a non-smoker. This is because smoking weakens your body’s immune system making it harder to fight off a gum infection. Smoking also inhibits blood flow which makes it harder for damaged gums to heal. If you smoke, it is recommended that you quit today to immediately start improving the long-term health of your gums.

5.- Get Regular Dental Cleanings

Regular dental cleanings give your dentist an opportunity to monitor the healthiness of your gum tissue. If you have signs of moderate gum disease such as receding gums, a deep cleaning will remove plaque, tartar and bacteria from the pockets that form between your gums and teeth. This will help your gums heal and reattach to your teeth. We recommend that you schedule a professional dental cleaning with us every 6 months to keep your gums as healthy as possible.

by West Coast Dental

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The Lingual Artery: The Tongue's Blood Supplier

Have you ever bitten or cut your tongue? If yes, then you might have been surprised to have found blood in your mouth. Your tongue is connected to a rich blood supply. Where does this blood come from? The blood supply of the tongue comes from a blood vessel known as the lingual artery. Read on to find out what the lingual artery is and why it's essential.

What Is the Lingual Artery?

The lingual artery supplies blood to the tongue as well as the floor of the mouth. It's a major branch of the external carotid artery (blood vessels that supply blood to the brain, neck, and face). As your lingual artery moves to the tip of your tongue, it branches out to supply blood to adjacent tissues. The four branches of the lingual artery are:

Suprahyoid artery. The first branch of the lingual artery courses alongside the hyoid bone (the U-shaped bone in the neck that supports the tongue), supplying blood to the muscles that support this bone.

Dorsal lingual artery. This is the next branch of the lingual artery, located at the back of the tongue. It supplies blood to the posterior portion of the tongue, palatoglossal arch, tonsils, soft palate, and epiglottis.

Sublingual artery. This branch passes forward through the tongue and supplies the sublingual gland (a major salivary gland in the floor of the mouth), the oral mucosa (the mucous membrane lining the inside of the mouth), the gums, the mylohyoid muscle (the muscle forming the floor of the oral cavity) and the mandible.

Deep lingual artery. This is the terminal branch of the lingual artery. This blood vessel is located under the tongue and supplies blood to the body and the tip of the tongue.

Can My Lingual Artery Be Affected during Medical Procedures?

Unfortunately, the answer is yes. Since this artery supplies blood to many tissues inside of the mouth, it can be affected during medical procedures like surgeries. Some of these procedures are:

Implant placement surgeries. The International Congress of Oral Implantologists notes that in rare cases, the proximity of the lingual artery to the lingual cortex can cause complications like severe hemorrhage and resulting hematomas during implant surgeries. In such cases, you should seek medical attention immediately.

Glossectomy. To treat tumors on the tongue, a surgery known as glossectomy is often required. It involves the removal of part or all of the tongue. The Canadian Cancer Society notes that sometimes only a small part of the tongue may be removed, while in other cases, a larger portion of the tongue is removed. Removal of part of the tongue can affect blood flow. Don't hesitate to talk to your surgeon about how blood flow to the tongue will be addressed.

The tongue is a vital organ, and it has a rich blood supply, all thanks to your lingual artery. If you're undergoing any procedure in the oral cavity, you might worry about the health of your lingual artery. But don't worry; all medical professionals know how to minimize any risk of complications and welcome any questions or concerns that you may have!

by Colgate

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Tongue Coating: Too Much, Too Little And Just Right

The tongue has multiple functions. It helps you taste, chew, and swallow food. Your tongue even assists with speech. But did you know that your tongue can indicate dental issues? Specifically, the coating on your tongue. Read more to learn what different amounts of coating on your tongue could mean for your oral health.

Too Much

When was the last time you looked at your tongue? The appearance of your tongue can tell you a lot about your oral health. For instance, the appearance of a white film can be an indication of bad breath. When food particles, bacteria, and debris get trapped in the papillae (the tiny dots on the surface of the tongue), it causes a white coating and an unpleasant smell. Good oral hygiene is the best way to avoid and treat this. Take time to gently clean your tongue with a tongue scraper after brushing your teeth.

Thick white coating or patches of white on the tongue may be a sign of oral thrush, an infection caused by an overgrowth of the candida fungus. Leukoplakia is another condition marked by a white-coated tongue, which can be an early indicator of oral cancer. Be sure to speak with your dentist or medical professional if white spots on your mouth do not resolve on their own within two weeks. They can determine the cause of your white tongue and recommend the best treatment option.

Too Little

Xerostomia, or dry mouth, is a condition where the salivary glands in the mouth don't produce enough saliva to keep it moist. A dry tongue with a grooved texture and a change of taste are common symptoms of dry mouth. Home remedies and lifestyle changes can offer some relief. Stay hydrated by drinking water throughout the day, and chew sugar-free gum to stimulate saliva production. You could even add a humidifier to a room in your house to increase moisture. If your condition is severe, your dentist may prescribe mouthrinse or other medication to alleviate dryness.

Just Right

Saliva in the mouth and on the tongue helps you taste and chew food.

Your tongue should have a light coating of saliva that gives it a natural sheen. Here are some care tips to help you keep this part of your mouth healthy:

Drink water.

Brush your teeth and clean between the teeth with an interdental cleaning device.

Clean your tongue with a tongue scraper.

Include a mouthrinse in your oral hygiene routine.

Avoid consuming spicy, acidic, or hot food and beverages as they can irritate the tongue.

Your tongue might not be the first thing that comes to mind when thinking about your oral health. But it's something you should keep an eye on. We recommend examining your tongue when you brush your teeth, which is a good way to determine any issues. Maintaining good oral hygiene and regular dental checkups are essential for staying on top of any tongue issues.

by Colgate

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Dental issues could be the cause of your bad breath

Having bad breath can cause a negative impact on your daily life, affecting both your relationship with others and your self-esteem. Although this condition is easy to control, it still affects around 25% of the population.

Usually, it disappears after brushing your teeth or using a mouthwash. However, on some occasions doing so will only mask the odor or make it disappear for a brief period.

If this is your case, your bad breath could be related to dental issues instead of the food you eat.

In this article, we will discuss the relationship between bad breath and dental issues and explain how to solve it.

How does bad breath occur?

Halitosis, commonly referred to as bad breath, is caused by different factors.

Usually, it is caused by food that possesses strong smells, such as garlic and onion. After eating these types of food, the scent impregnates the oral cavity.

However, halitosis is also caused by bacteria involved in oral diseases. When food residues are left in the mouth, they begin decomposing as bacteria break them down.

Moreover, large amounts of bacteria present in different oral diseases, such as gums disease and infections, can produce an unpleasant odor.

Bad breath and oral diseases

Whenever there is an oral disease, there is enormous bacterial colonization behind it. The most common dental issues responsible for bad breath include conditions such as:

Gums disease: gingivitis and periodontitis are caused by tartar build-ups, which are made of a combination of proteins, minerals, and bacteria. Thereby, as long as the tartar is not removed, bad breath will not disappear.

Infections: abscesses and other oral infections possess large amounts of bacteria. When they remain confined inside the bone, they usually don’t produce odor. However, once they start draining into the mouth through the gums, the bad smell is released, and bad breath occurs.

Furthermore, it is also common to experience a type of infection called pericoronitis. It often develops when the third molars are erupting, causing pain, swollen gums around the tooth, and bad breath.

Dry mouth: saliva acts as the mouth’s natural defense system. It regulates its pH (acidity level), helps remove food leftovers after eating, and controls the bacteria population, keeping the flora at standard levels.

However, certain conditions and medicines can decrease saliva production, leading to dry mouth.


As there is not enough saliva, odor-producing bacteria are increased. Moreover, this results in the development of gums diseases, increasing bad breath.

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Unfortunately, brushing your teeth will only mask the odor. It is vital to attend dental consultation to undergo the appropriate treatment.

Luckily, most times, professional cleaning is enough to eliminate halitosis completely.

Although bad breath is a common condition that can impact daily life directly, affecting thousands worldwide, it can be easily prevented by maintaining good oral health.

If brushing your teeth is not helping you eliminate it, the cause is most likely related to a dental issue, such as gums disease. Make sure to book an appointment with your dentist, and he will get rid of your halitosis so you won’t have to worry about your breath anymore.

by Votre Dentisterie

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Six Reasons You Need Regular Dental Check-ups

Having to visit the dentist every six months may not be the appointment that everyone looks forward to, but it is one of the most important ones to keep. If you have found yourself wondering what the point of having regular dental check-ups and cleanings really is, we’ve got something for you to think about.

If you are considering skipping a dental check-up because of cost or another factor like time or dental anxiety, make sure to consider all the risks. What you might end up paying in the long run for not visiting your dentist will likely be much higher, both for your wallet and your peace of mind. Here are some of the most important reasons why you should see your dentist regularly:

1. Oral Cancer Detection

Oral cancer is an extremely serious disease that manifests itself in various ways. Without knowing the signs of its early onset, oral cancer is often not diagnosed and can quickly progress and become life-threatening. But thankfully, an early stage oral cancer diagnosis is often easily treatable.

Your dentist is highly trained to recognize these signs and symptoms, and with regular dental checkups every six months, the likelihood of catching oral cancer in time is dramatically higher. Recognizing oral cancer in its early stages is key in treating it successfully, and while you may not notice oral abnormalities, your dentist will.

2. Plaque, Tartar, and Cavities

Even with the most diligent daily brushers and flossers, there are still small areas in the mouth that are missed by regular brushing and flossing. When plaque builds up it becomes more difficult to remove, solidifying and turning into tartar, which is extremely difficult to get rid of without professional help.

Regular dental cleanings prevent tartar from eroding teeth or creating holes in them, which is how cavities are created. Cavities rarely give any warning signs as they form, only resulting in a small ache once the tooth is already decayed. Once the damage has been done, you will have to go back to the dentist to have cavities and other tooth problems filled and fixed. This can all be avoided with regular cleanings that take care of plaque and tartar before it becomes destructive.

A cleaning appointment is also more affordable than getting a filling, so if money’s tight you should make sure not to miss the cleanings!

3. Gum Disease

Plaque and tartar build-up not only cause tooth decay but can also erode the mouth’s gum tissues. This happens when tartar build-up causes an infection where the gum is connected to the tooth, making the gum pull away from the tooth. This infection is known as gingivitis and as it progresses the tissue that attaches gums to the teeth breaks down.

Once it reaches this point it is officially gum disease, and only at this point will there likely be any swelling, bleeding, or soreness in the mouth. Along with the breakdown of gum tissue, gum disease also causes a breakdown of the bone that holds teeth in place. At this point, it is common to see teeth loosening or falling out altogether and drastic treatment methods will have to be taken by a dental specialist.

Not only do specialists require more appointments and likely a blow to your wallet, but the treatment of gum disease, depending on the severity, can include surgery, extremely deep cleaning, and medication. To avoid all of this, regular dental cleanings are essential in catching and addressing gingivitis before it gets out of hand.

4. Keeping Bad Habits in Check

There are many bad habits that can have a negative impact on your oral health, some of which you may not even realize are causing issues. Some of these habits include chewing ice, biting your nails, clenching your jaw, grinding your teeth, eating particularly sticky or hard sweets, brushing your teeth too hard, drinking coffee and red wine, and of course smoking.

When you go for regular dental check-ups, your dentist can check for any oral damage caused by these or other habits which you may otherwise not have noticed. Being informed about specific destructive habits allows you to change or alter your lifestyle choice to prevent further damage. Visiting the dentist allows you to fix the damage that has already been done, and help your oral health be the best it can be.

5. Find Problems Under the Surface With X-Rays

A crucial part of visiting your dentist every six months is getting your teeth and jaw bone x-rayed. X-ray images allow dental professionals to see what is happening beneath the surfaces of your mouth and can find and diagnose issues that may be invisible to the naked eye. Problems like this can include impacted teeth, which are growing teeth that are blocked from pushing through the gum line, as often seen in wisdom teeth.

Damage to the jawbone can also be pinpointed as well as any bone decay, swelling, cysts, or tumours, all of which are impossible to actually see without x-ray imaging. Finding these or any other major oral issues as soon as possible is critical in order to properly treat them.

Especially with destructive diseases that show little to no symptoms but progress quickly, up-to-date x-rays and bi-annual checkups are the best way to keep on top of your health.

6. Head, Neck, and Lymph Node Checks

In addition to checking your mouth, gums, and tongue for signs or oral cancer, your dentist will also check your neck, jaw, and lymph nodes, located just below your jawline, for any swelling, lumps, or other abnormalities. If an abnormality is found it could be a sign of a major health issue, and your dentist will alert you to it and refer you the appropriate medical professional.

Swollen lymph nodes are a particular area that do not necessarily hurt or seem out of the ordinary but when identified properly by a professional could be a sign of certain kinds of cancer or other diseases that require immediate attention. Not having regular dental check-ups drastically cuts down how often your neck and thyroid glands are checked. So while looking for abnormalities only takes your dentist a minute, it could mean an extremely serious disease is identified early enough to make a huge difference.

So, Are Dental Check-ups Worth the Effort?

Dentists and dental professionals are not only concerned with fixing teeth. They professionally clean your teeth, aim to ensure your teeth and gums are healthy and check for abnormalities that may otherwise go unnoticed and could be a sign of larger health issues. Dental professionals make sure that your bones are strong, and will help you correct any habits that may be sabotaging your oral health, among other things.

Skipping dental appointments may not seem like a big deal, but oral issues can develop and progress extremely quickly whether or not you notice it. By keeping on top of your dental cleanings and check-ups you’re doing yourself a big favor in the long run.

by Pathway Dental

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The History of Flossing: From the Beginning

If you’ve ever been to the dentist, then you probably got asked whether or not you flossed. Dentists always recommend you do this at least once a day. It’s thought that flossing is the only way you can properly clean your teeth and gums. You use dental floss to dislodge food and clear bacteria away from the sides of teeth and your gum line. It reaches places that your toothbrush can’t, and leaves your mouth a lot cleaner.

However, there have been recent reports that doubt the effectiveness of flossing. These claim that there’s not enough scientific evidence to support dentists claims about flossing. If this is the case, then why do dentists implore you to floss your teeth? To find this out, let’s take a look at the history of flossing, and how it became an accepted dental practice.

Since the dawn of man, we’ve been using things to dislodge food from our teeth. But, interestingly, the concept of dental floss has only been around for two centuries. The first mention of it came in 1819, in a book called A Practical Guide to the Management of the Teeth. It was written by a man named Levi Spear Parmly. In this book, he talks about something he had invented a few years before the book was published.

When you read the book, you see that he wanted to find out why we get teeth disorders. In essence, why do our teeth rot and why do we get tooth decay? He attributed it to the ‘relics of what we eat’ getting stuck in our teeth and staying there. When this happens, they can accumulate, stagnate and create bacteria. He noted that this usually happens in the interstices of the teeth, or in the indentures on their surface. In simple terms, rotting food in your mouth can cause tooth decay.

He then went on to state that regular cleaning of the teeth and gums can stop tooth decay taking place. But, only brushing your teeth didn’t get rid of the food properly, and it was left to stagnate. So, he invented some new dentistry apparatus to help with it. He used waxed silken thread to pass through the interstices of the teeth. In doing so, it removed food and bacteria from places where a brush couldn’t get to. Furthermore, he claimed that using this regularly would keep your teeth and gums healthy. And thus, dental floss was born.

Fast forward to the 1900’s, and his idea was being used in dental surgeries up and down the country. During WWII, nylon was pioneered as a new material for floss by Charles C. Bass. And, to this day, it’s what dental floss is made out of.

The whole idea of flossing stemmed from a dentist looking to solve the issue of tooth decay. People read Parmly’s book, took note of what he said, and it got passed down from generation to generation. Everyone believed that there was enough written to prove that flossing helps keep your teeth and gums healthy. It’s something that dentists still believe to this day. With the reports that there’s a lack of scientific evidence, we can expect to see more studies on this matter to prove the effects of flossing.

by Chianese Dental

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Top Seven Oral Hygiene Tips for Those Wearing Braces

Practicing proper oral hygiene should always be a priority. But that takes on a whole new level when you’re wearing braces.

You’re excited for the thought of having a straight smile when the braces come off. But if you don’t take extra care of it during the process, you could end up with ugly stains, white spots, or tooth decay when it’s all said and done.

To make sure you enjoy that smile in the end, let’s look at these oral hygiene tips to follow while wearing braces.

1. Regular Brushing Is Key

Regular brushing is not a new concept. But when you have braces, you need to crank your routine up a notch.

Food loves to hide in all the nooks and crannies of braces. And if your teeth aren’t brushed properly, it leaves them open to forming white spots, tooth decay, and gum disease. Everything you don’t want to deal with when the braces come off.

Aim for brushing your teeth after every meal, or at least three times a day. Since your toothbrush bristles are likely to wear out faster with braces, make sure to replace it often. In fact, an electric toothbrush is best for brushing braces.

2. Add a Different Kind of Brush

To be even more diligent, adding an interdental brush to your routine is a good idea. It’s a small brush that’s typically used to clean in-between teeth. But it’s also great for brushing around the wires and metal brackets of braces.

You can use an interdental brush to clean and loosen debris before you brush regularly. The small bristles are able to reach around the wires and brackets, getting into spaces your normal toothbrush can miss.

Use a mirror to make sure you get in-between each bracket and wire. Make sure to be gentle. You don’t want to be too aggressive and end up damaging your braces.

3. Don’t Forget to Floss

There’s no doubt that braces can make flossing a bit more difficult. Many people use this excuse to skip it altogether. But flossing is important to remove the plaque buildup that a toothbrush simply can’t reach.

To make this task more manageable, use an orthodontic flosser or floss threader. These are available in most drug stores.

Wax floss will also make it a little easier. It slides easier between your teeth, which lessens the chance of it getting snagged in your braces.

No matter what you use, make sure to floss at least once a day. Take it easy on your gums. Being too rough can irritate your gums and lead to infections.

4. Finish with a Rinse

Rinsing can become your new best friend when you’re caring for braces. That’s because it makes the cleaning process easier. Plus, it can protect your enamel and fight off gingivitis.

Giving your mouth a quick rinse with water before you brush helps loosen any food trapped in your braces.

After you’re done brushing, grab an antiseptic mouthwash. Swishing that around will reduce any biofilm and inflammation that can lead to gingivitis. It also gives you a fresh smelling breath, which is never a bad thing.

5. Watch What You Eat

Because your teeth can be harder to clean while wearing braces, it’s best to avoid foods that cause damage to your gums and tooth enamel.

Eating foods high in sugar and starch leads to plaque buildup around your metal brackets. This can cause cavities, staining of the teeth, and even gum disease.

You should also limit high-acid foods. Items such as soft drinks, pineapples, and tomatoes have acid that can erode away the enamel on your teeth. Once the enamel is gone, you can’t get it back.

Hard, crunchy foods pose a damage risk to the braces themselves. Biting into a crunchy apple or piece of ice may cause the wires to bend and the brackets to pop off.

Sticky foods are also known for pulling metal brackets out of place, which requires added visits to the orthodontist to repair.

6. Cut Out Chewing Habits and Protect Your Braces

Something that many people don’t think about are the unconscious habits that can cause damage to the braces.

Those who like to bite their fingernails or chew on the lid of a pen can pop brackets off or bend wires unintentionally. If you fall into that category, try to find other habits to keep your hands busy, such as playing with a fidget spinner.

Even the simple act of biting into food can cause damage or jam food into your braces. Using a knife and fork to eat with will help keep this issue at bay.

If you like to play sports, always wear a mouth guard. The last thing you want is to get hit in the mouth with something and end up back at the orthodontist for more repairs to your braces.

7. Attend All Dentist and Orthodontist Appointments

Having regular appointments with your dentist and orthodontist will ensure that your teeth are being well cared for.

They’ll be able to do professional cleanings and spot any warning signs that a problem may be brewing in your mouth. A professional can also teach you techniques to fix the issue before it gets out of hand.

It’s always important to keep an open line of communication with them and their staff. Even if you don’t have an appointment, calling with questions or concerns can head off any problems and keep you informed on the best care for your braces.

Taking Extra Care While Wearing Braces Is Worth It

There’s no doubt about it, maintaining proper oral care while wearing braces takes extra time and effort. But having that perfect smile to enjoy when the braces come off will make it all worth it in the end.

by Whitlock Orthodontics

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What Is The Best Gingivitis Mouthwash?

Brushing, interdental cleaning, and regular dental check-ups are essential oral care habits for preventing gum disease, but did you know there is more that you can do for your smile? Rinsing with a gingivitis mouth rinse can reduce bacteria in your mouth and keep your teeth and gums healthy. Gingivitis, the initial stage of gum disease, is very treatable. With stellar oral hygiene, you can turn back gum inflammation and stop the later stages of the disease from developing. Talk to your dental professional about supplementing your daily oral care routine with the right mouthwash for protecting your gums from germs.

What Makes a Good Gingivitis Mouthrinse?

Dental plaque (biofilm) is made up of bacteria from germs in the mouth and is the culprit of gingivitis. This sticky substance is always building up on your teeth and gums. Daily brushing and interdental cleaning can help remove plaque and stop it from harming your mouth. Otherwise, harmful bacteria can damage gum tissue, causing inflammation, tenderness, and even gums that bleed during brushing or flossing, the classic gingivitis symptoms. Using antiseptic mouth rinses that kill germs can also help to protect your mouth.

A good antiseptic mouth rinse for fighting gingivitis will have excellent antibacterial properties. Look for a mouth rinse that kills bacteria on contact and diminishes the amount of plaque in your mouth for multiple hours, effectively stopping germs from deteriorating your oral health. Also, keep your eye out for an antibacterial mouth rinse intended to fight plaque and gingivitis, and that has the American Dental Association Seal of Acceptance. Keep in mind that a gingivitis mouth rinse may not contain fluoride. However, it would be best if you always brushed with fluoride toothpaste for daily cavity protection benefits.

Fighting Gum Disease

Gum disease can not only affect your smile, but it also can have an impact on your overall health. According to the American Dental Association, advanced gum disease can lead to a loss of gum tissue and bone. It may also be linked to serious health conditions like diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Fortunately, with oral care products that kill germs like an antibacterial mouth rinse, there are plenty of tools available to you to protect your mouth from gum disease. But first and foremost, you need to maintain a good oral care routine that includes twice-daily brushing and interdental cleaning once a day. See your dental professional at least every six months for a check-up and talk with them about using the best products available for fighting gingivitis.

by Colgate

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Facts About Abrasive Toothpaste

Perhaps you're at a stage in life where you're ready to take preventative measures to keep your teeth strong and abrasion-free. While some mouth ailments are out of your control, choosing the right type of toothpaste is one positive oral health action that's up to you! You may think you know everything about your toothpaste - its flavor, how much fluoride it contains, and whether it helps whiten your teeth. But do you know how abrasive it is?

Brushing with an abrasive toothpaste removes dental plaque and stains from your teeth. But there are potential downsides to a toothpaste that is too abrasive for your specific mouth. Let's go over signs your toothpaste or oral care routine is harming your tooth's enamel, as well as how to find the right toothpaste perfect for your smile!

The Dangers of Tooth Enamel Abrasion

Enamel, the outermost layer of our teeth, is the toughest substance in the human body. Still, rigorous brushing, using a hard-bristled toothbrush, and abrasive toothpaste can wear your enamel down. Acid erosion from acidic foods or drinks, gastrointestinal disorders, and eating disorders can also wear the enamel away, leaving your teeth vulnerable to decay.

Although enamel is strong, like bone, it's unable to grow back. So it's essential to protect it as best you can and catch signs of enamel abrasion as early as possible. When your enamel wears, it can lead to sensitivity by exposing the thin dentin layer underneath. Have you ever winced from a burst of sharp pain after sipping something very hot or cold? That's probably due to a bit of enamel wear. Overbrushing and using a toothpaste that is too abrasive for your teeth are both habits you have the power to change. It's time to adjust your brushing habits or change your toothpaste if you notice the following signs:

Notches in your teeth where they meet the gum

Gum recession that exposes the tooth roots

Tooth or gum sensitivity

Pain when you brush or eat hot or cold foods

Yellow or gray teeth

Toothpaste Abrasiveness

Did you know that abrasives in toothpaste have been studied since 1907? According to a review in The Journal of Clinical Dentistry, understanding the limits of abrasivity is still an important area of study in dentistry. While using a toothpaste that is too abrasive is only one of the causes of enamel abrasion, it is one of the most preventable. So why not get to know the resources available to help you make the safest decision when choosing your next toothpaste?

The Relative Dentin Abrasivity (RDA) scale, developed by the American Dental Association, assesses toothpaste abrasiveness against a standard measurement. The higher the RDA score, the more abrasive the toothpaste. To receive the American Dental Association's Seal of Acceptance, a toothpaste's Relative Dentin Abrasivity (RDA) cannot exceed a score of 250. This cutoff aims to ensure that you can spend a lifetime brushing with this specific toothpaste, and it won't cause significant damage to your enamel. That's a pretty informative tool for an everyday product that might not cross your mind often!

How to Check the Abrasiveness of Toothpaste

The best way to avoid using an excessively abrasive toothpaste is to look for the American Dental Association's Seal of Acceptance on the package or tube. Numerous scientific studies that compare various toothpaste brands' abrasiveness are available, like this 2016 study published in BMC. Even if the RDA rating isn't noticeable on your toothpaste package, you can look it up online.

Common abrasive ingredients in toothpaste are derived from chalk and silica. The Dental Health Foundation also notes that toothpaste designed for smokers usually has strong abrasives, as yellow teeth are a common symptom of smoking. Even for non-smokers, toothpaste intended to whiten teeth or remove stains are more abrasive than non-whitening toothpaste.

We recommend brushing gently with a soft-bristled toothbrush and a toothpaste that carries the ADA's Seal of Acceptance. Suppose you already have weakened enamel or need a gentle toothpaste because of an injury or surgery. In that case, your dental professional can help you choose a low-abrasive toothpaste or even a non-abrasive toothpaste.

There's no doubt that a stain-free, pearly white smile is a confidence boost. And while your mouth may feel smooth and clean and your breath fresh after brushing, it's crucial to look into how abrasive your toothpaste is. There's no reason to end up with thin enamel and sensitive teeth when you work so hard to keep your smile healthy. Let that hard work pay off!

by Colgate

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Keep Your Saliva Flowing - Your Oral Health Depends on it

We often don't realize how important something is until it's gone. Like saliva: you're usually not aware that it's cleaning the mouth, neutralizing mouth acid or helping with digestion. But that could change if your saliva flow drops below normal: your health may soon suffer with your mouth taking the brunt.

In particular, reduced saliva flow increases your risk for tooth decay and periodontal (gum) disease. Both diseases are linked to oral bacteria. While many of the myriad strains in the mouth are beneficial, a few bacteria can infect and inflame gum tissues. Bacteria also produce acid, which can soften and erode enamel and make the teeth more susceptible to decay.

Saliva inhibits bacteria in a number of ways. It first clears the mouth of leftover food so not as much stays behind to form bacterial plaque, a thin film of food particles that builds up on teeth. You still need to brush and floss daily to remove plaque, but it's less effective without saliva's cleansing action. Saliva also contains antibodies that destroy disease-causing bacteria and other organisms, which keeps their populations in the mouth low.

One of saliva's most important functions, though, is buffering acid. The mouth's ideal pH level is neutral, but many foods we eat can cause it to become more acidic. Even a slight acidic rise after eating can soften the minerals in enamel. But saliva goes to work immediately and usually restores normal pH within a half hour to an hour. It also aids in re-mineralizing the enamel.

For these reasons, it's important for you to find out the cause of chronic dry mouth and treat it. If it's a side effect of your medication, talk to your doctor about an alternative, or drink more water before and after you take your dose. Certain products can also stimulate saliva flow, like chewing gum with xylitol, an alcohol-based sweetener that has dental health-protecting properties too.

by Frechtman Dental

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Top 5 Dental Myths Busted

Like any topic, there is a lot of information out there (especially on the internet) and sometimes it’s hard to decipher if the information is true or not. Here we debunk some of the most infamous dental myths by dropping some truth bombs on these hotly debated dental topics. Here at Whistler Dental, we care about the oral health of our Whistler community so want to make sure that you have your facts straight when it comes to taking care of your teeth!


Not anymore! Although metal braces are not aesthetically appealing to most adults there are now modern solutions to fix crooked teeth and create stunning smiles (for people of all ages!). You are never too old to wear a smile you are confident about. Here at Whistler Dental, we use a fantastic braces alternative called Invisalign which slowly moves teeth into shape using clear and undetectable aligners. Adults can now achieve their ideal smile without having to sport a set of bulky metal braces.


Although we wouldn’t recommend having an x-ray just for the fun of it, there is a lot of over blown hype about the dangers of dental x-rays. The average person is exposed to 3,100µSv of radiation per year and the average full mouth dental x-ray contains a mere 34.9 to 170.7µSv; in fact, a dental x-ray contains about the same radiation as eating 50 bananas! The importance of having dental x-rays to identify and examine potential problems far outweighs the negligible radiation from x-rays.


There is no denying that consuming sugar leads to dental decay and cavities in most people but there are often other more significant contributors that fly under the radar. The direct cause of tooth decay is more a genetic and environmental combination which causes a greater propensity towards cavities. Genetic and environmental factors affect tooth enamel, oral bacteria populations, and saliva composition. Sugar can cause the increase of bacteria in your mouth that causes cavities, but genetics and the environment are more likely to determine if this bacteria will cause cavities or not.


We regularly perform cosmetic dentistry at Whistler Dental and let us tell you, vanity is hardly the motivator for these treatments. Cosmetic dentistry is often an investment for overall health and wellbeing improvements and many treatments are recommended to enhance better overall oral health. Aligning a bite and replacing missing teeth with implants to maintain bone structure are examples of orthodontic and cosmetic procedures that provide a cosmetic solution to a problem and at the same time increase overall health and wellbeing.


Just because baby teeth have a shorter lifespan than adult teeth doesn’t mean they shouldn’t be brushed! Not only does starting to brush a child’s teeth when young (from the occurrence of their first tooth) instill good habits, but it’s absolutely imperative to avoid painful dental implications, cavities, and gum problems in pre-school aged and young children. Children usually lose their last few teeth at the age of twelve. Brushing baby teeth is absolutely important and should never be deferred until children have their adult set.

by Whistler Dental

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How to Protect Teeth From Acid Reflux Tooth Erosion

It begins simply enough: you’re hungry, so you eat. You chew your food so it can easily travel to your stomach, where the proper acidic environment allows for good digestion, nutrient absorption, and the destruction of harmful bacteria. What seems like a straightforward process gets complicated when some of the acid leaks into the esophagus and, over the long-term, leaves an imprint all the way back to your teeth.

Acid reflux is most often the result of a malfunction of a clump of muscles known as the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). The LES separates the stomach from the esophagus—food passes through it on the way down, and the LES seals shut after food enters the stomach to prevent acidic stomach contents from refluxing back into the esophagus. However, sometimes the LES fails and stomach acid leaks into the esophagus, which can cause issues like nausea and heartburn. 

If you experience acid reflux on a regular basis, then you may suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In addition to causing digestive issues, GERD symptoms can also negatively affect your dental health and lead to tooth decay. 

In this article, we’ll talk about how tooth erosion can be caused by GERD, and review some ways in which you can protect your teeth against the harmful effects of acid reflux. For all of the details, keep on reading. Or, to skip to a section that most interests you, click on one of the links below:

How Does Acid Reflux Affect Your Teeth? 

Seeing a Dentist to Diagnose Acid Reflux Tooth Erosion 

How to Prevent Acid Reflux Tooth Erosion? 

Key Takeaways

How Does Acid Reflux Affect Your Teeth? 

GERD is a very common digestive disorder that is estimated to affect about 20% of people in the United States. And, while many GERD sufferers are aware of the health consequences caused by exposure to stomach acid in the esophagus, damage within the mouth is a lesser known problem that’s starting to gain more attention.

A clinical study that followed patients over a six-month period measured tooth surface loss associated with GERD, and found that people with ongoing acid reflux were more susceptible to tooth erosion than those without GERD. With the deterioration, came thin, sharp, and pitted teeth.

Everyone experiences some tooth erosion due to chewing, but almost half of the GERD participants had teeth that were worn down to a degree several times higher than healthy participants (researchers used an optical scanner to measure the impact). Unfortunately, once the enamel is gone, there’s no way to get it back. A crown, veneer, or filling is used to make up for the loss when a tooth has deteriorated to a certain point.

“We hope we can raise awareness that GERD, a condition quite common in any population, is able to cause tooth damage. Dental professionals are mostly aware of tooth erosion, but the public may not be,” said study lead author Dr. Daranee Tantbirojn, an associate professor in the department of restorative dentistry at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center.

Even though several participants were taking GERD-related drugs to suppress acid, they suffered from tooth erosion anyway. “Some patients told us that they still have acid reflux episodes despite the medication, or they might have skipped the medication every now and then,” Tantbirojn said.

Seeing a Dentist to Diagnose Acid Reflux Tooth Erosion

Given the higher incidence of tooth erosion with GERD, it’s important to see your dentist every six months. You may not be able to see the difference in your teeth, but your dentist can. Plus, you may pick up some tips on how to protect one of your most valuable assets—which may include the use of a special rinse or toothpaste.

How to Prevent Acid Reflux Tooth Erosion?

There are a number of steps you can take to prevent acid reflux from inflicting further damage to your teeth. Below, we’ve listed our top tips that can help you battle against GERD and keep your teeth in great shape. 

Watch what you eat

Some foods can cause or exacerbate symptoms of acid reflux. And, generally, the more frequently you experience acid reflux episodes, the more severe the implications are for your teeth. To minimize acid reflux, try to avoid the following foods:

Fried foods 

Fast food

Spicy foods

Processed snacks 


Potato chips

Fatty meat like bacon and sausage


Tomato-based sauces

Citrus fruits



Carbonated beverages 

Drink with a straw

You can slow down tooth erosion by preventing liquids from having prolonged contact with your teeth. This is especially true when it comes to acidic drinks and sugary beverages like soda. Drinking through a straw allows you to enjoy the same beverages while stopping them from making direct contact with your teeth. 

Avoid brushing teeth right after eating acidic foods 

If you do eat an acidic meal, it’s best to wait at least an hour before brushing your teeth. Acidic foods have the effect of softening your tooth enamel, and brushing them while the enamel is so sensitive can lead to even more damage. 

Use a toothpaste and mouthwash with fluoride 

Fluoride can work wonders for your teeth. It’s a mineral that can rejuvenate weakened tooth enamel, slow down the decay of healthy enamel, and ultimately help to prevent tooth decay. So, if you suffer from GERD, consider purchasing a toothpaste or mouthwash that contains fluoride to minimize damage to your teeth that may occur as a result of your condition. 

Reduce acid reflux symptoms 

Reducing your acid reflux symptoms can benefit both your dental health and quality of life in general. After all, outside of the tooth erosion it causes, acid reflux is it’s own problem. First off, it can be uncomfortable and induce nausea, heartburn, and regurgitation. Secondly, chronic acid reflux and GERD can lead to more serious health problems, such as esophageal strictures and ulcers, if left untreated. 

So how can you reduce acid reflux symptoms? Here are a few tips:

Maintain a healthy weight. When you’re overweight, you place extra pressure on your stomach and this can increase the severity and frequency of acid reflux. Create a healthy lifestyle by following a nutritious diet and exercising regularly. 

Eat smaller meals. Overeating fills up your stomach and puts pressure on the LES, which is supposed to prevent stomach acid from entering the esophagus. Too much pressure can cause acidic stomach contents to leak into your esophagus. Thus, try eating smaller meals throughout the day that don’t put as much pressure on your stomach and LES. 

Quit smoking. If you’re a smoker, quitting may be able to alleviate your acid reflux symptoms. That’s because smoking can relax the muscles in the LES, making it easier for acid to reflux into your esophagus. 

Sleep at an incline. Keeping your upper body at an incline is one of the most effective and natural ways to reduce symptoms of acid reflux while sleeping. With this method, gravity helps to keep your stomach content in your stomach and out of your esophagus. To alleviate symptoms of GERD and stay comfortable at the same time, try out MedCline’s Reflux Relief System—the three-component system keeps you in the doctor-recommended position for acid reflux relief all night long. 

Medications and surgery. Talk with your doctor about potential solutions for your acid reflux. Many people have found relief from acid reflux symptoms by taking medications such as antacids and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). If all else fails, GERD surgery may be necessary to provide relief and prevent further gastrointestinal damage. 

Key Takeaways 

If you suffer from GERD, then you may be at a higher risk for tooth damage due to your condition. While you can’t reverse the damage already done to your teeth, you can make changes today that will help put an end to reflux episodes, and subsequently reduce the erosion of your teeth. Follow the tips listed in this article to minimize the impact of acid reflux on your dental health. 

You might start by addressing the symptoms of acid reflux. Maintaining a healthy weight, eating smaller meals, quitting smoking, and taking reflux medication can all help reduce the symptoms of acid reflux.

by Med Cline

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Reasons Why Getting a Teeth Cleaning is Important

Getting regular teeth cleaning is essential for having good dental hygiene. Sure, brushing twice a day and flossing goes a long way, but that is not enough to prevent specific dental issues like tartar buildup. Tartar is what plaque turns into when it is left on teeth for prolonged periods.  Although brushing and flossing are enough to keep tartar buildup at a bare minimum, it will eventually accumulate over time.

Having good oral hygiene is not just beneficial for aesthetic reasons. There are a handful of dental issues and general health problems that have been linked to poor dental hygiene. Some of these include strokes, cancer, bone loss, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and heart attacks.

Routine teeth cleanings are crucial 

Dentists recommend coming in for teeth cleaning twice a year, and this has been proven to ward off most dental issues when combined with regular brushing and flossing.

Let us take a look at nine reasons why regular dental cleanings are an essential part of oral health:

Patients end up with a whiter, brighter smile. Tartar gives teeth a yellow tint, and it is more susceptible to staining than teeth enamel. Removing it removes the yellow tint it gives teeth and any stains on them.

Helps to prevent gum disease which can lead to tooth loss and other health issues.

Oral cancer is responsible for a death every hour in the U.S., yet most cases can be treated when detected early. Oral evaluations are performed before cleanings, and this gives the dentist two chances to identify developing problems in their early stages.

Gum disease has been linked to cardiovascular disease. Teeth cleanings help to reduce the patient's odds of developing gum disease, and this, in turn, reduces the odds of the patient developing cardiovascular problems.

Teeth cleanings give dentists an opportunity to detect other issues like cavities, broken prosthetics and tooth fractures.

Dental cleanings are one of the cheapest treatments performed by dentists, and they are covered by most insurance plans.

Regular teeth cleanings give dentists the opportunity to compare the condition of a patient's mouth to the way it was during the previous visit. This makes it easier to detect if the patient's oral health is deteriorating. As a general rule, the earlier an issue is identified, the cheaper it is to fix.

It helps to treat bad breath and prevent it.

Regular check-ups and dental cleanings help prevent and resolve persistent bad breath.

What to expect during teeth cleaning

A tooth cleaning is a straightforward procedure. The dentist begins with an evaluation of the patient's mouth; then tartar is removed using a metal tool. The dentist polishes the patient's teeth after scraping off all the tartar on it and will finish up by flossing the person's teeth. Depending on their condition, a fluoride treatment may be administered. This protects teeth from decay for months at a time.

by Smiles On Michigan

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If a Toothache Goes Away, Do You Still Need To See a Dentist?

Understandably, no one wants to see a dentist unless they really have to. But while you would clearly schedule a visit if you’re in pain, what if you have a toothache that comes and goes? Or one that flares up for only a day or two and then goes away entirely? It may be tempting to chalk this up to good luck and consider the problem solved. But, in this blog, you’ll find out why a “disappearing toothache” could actually be a serious problem and why seeing an emergency dentist is still essential. Keep reading below to learn more! 

Why Would a Toothache Go Away? 

Some toothaches have ongoing symptoms that don’t go away until they’re treated. Other toothaches are more “random” and may only flare up for a short time. Here are some possible reasons for toothaches that seems to go away on their own: 

Mild toothaches – In some cases, tooth pain is caused by gum recession, where the gums pull back and expose the sensitive root of the tooth. This is usually fairly mild and may even improve over time on its own. Another potential cause for pain that comes and goes is a small cavity that’s only starting to be symptomatic. 

Moderate to severe toothaches – If you have moderate or severe pain, it’s usually a sign that the nerve of your tooth is badly inflamed or infected. This can occur from a cavity or some type of trauma to the tooth. If this type of toothache goes away, it’s typically because the nerve of the tooth has “died” or been destroyed by the infection, which is why the pain goes away. But the infection is still there and can lead to serious problems if it isn’t treated. 

The Importance of Seeing a Dentist, Even If a Toothache Goes Away 

If the nerve of a tooth has died, but an infection is still there, the infection will continue spreading and destroy the bone that surrounds the root. This may make an extraction necessary, along with additional treatment to replace the missing tooth such as a dental implant, bridge, or partial denture. Even worse, it can spread to other areas of the body such as the brain and become dangerous or even fatal. 

Simply put, any type of tooth pain is an indication that something is wrong. To determine if the problem is minor or serious, you must see an emergency dentist for an evaluation, diagnosis, and possible treatment. Although the pain may have subsided, you’re always better off safe than sorry, especially with the potential consequences of not getting treatment!

by Dr. Sheri McIntosh D.D.S.

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Four Types of Toothaches and What They Mean

Toothaches can range from dull and constant to sharp and throbbing. Many people complain about tooth pain while eating or right before going to bed, but a toothache can happen any time, any place. Most of the time, people don’t know why they’re tooth is hurting or where exactly the pain is coming from. Understanding the type of pain you’re experiencing is one of the first steps in determining what’s causing the pain.

The best way to know what’s causing your toothache is to visit with your family dentist. X-rays and a thorough examination will help her decide on the proper treatment to relieve your pain.

Here are the four most common types of toothaches and what they mean:

1. Dull, Persistent Ache

This is the most common type of toothache pain. Though it can seem scary, the cause can be something as simple as having food stuck in your teeth. The following issues may be the source of this type of tooth pain:

Something lodged between your teeth

Something stuck in your gums

Teeth grinding (bruxism)

An abscessed tooth

Flossing and rinsing your mouth can remove food that has lodged itself in your teeth or gums. If the issue is bruxism, talk to your dentist about a mouthguard and other treatment options. An abscessed tooth needs to be addressed immediately.

2. Sensitivity to Hot and Cold

Dental sensitivity is common, but it can be a serious issue. Pay attention to what triggers the toothache and how long the pain lasts. If the pain is minor and fleeting, you most likely have worn down enamel. Try using a toothpaste for sensitive teeth and avoid extremely hot or cold foods for a week to see if the issue subsides.

If your pain is severe and lasts for more than thirty seconds, the cause is likely much more serious. Tooth decay, fractures, exposed roots, worn fillings, and gum disease can lead to more painful sensitivity. Call your dentist to schedule an appointment today.

3.  Sharp Pain

In nearly every circumstance, sharp or jabbing pain requires a visit to the dentist. This type of toothache usually indicates that a filling is loose or a crown has fallen off. If you don’t have a filling or crown, the pain could be due to a fracture, decay, or wear. The enamel of a tooth may have cracked, or you may have a cavity.

Whatever is causing your pain, your dentist should be able to identify the problem and relieve the pain quickly.

4. Severe, Throbbing Pain

Anytime a toothache is distracting or unbearable, you should contact an emergency dentist immediately. If she doesn’t think the problem needs urgent attention, she will schedule an appointment for another day and give you instructions on how to deal with the pain now.

If you are experiencing other symptoms like discolored gums, bleeding gums, or a weird taste in your mouth, she will most likely have you to go to the office for emergency care.

Other Types of Toothaches

If none of these types of tooth pain are what you’re experiencing, contact your dentist anyway. Describe the pain as best you can, and she will provide specific instructions on how to relieve the pain.

Regardless of the cause of your tooth pain, our family dentist is confident that she can find the issue and effectively treat it.

by Dental Care Of Lombard

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Six Signs That You Have a Bad Tooth

A bad tooth may be from an abscess, a cavity, a fracture, chip, or several different reasons. One thing is the same, however. A bad tooth can cause a lot of problems relating to your oral health and your health in general. If you suspect that you have a bad tooth, you should consult with a dentist as soon as possible. Otherwise, you’re not only putting your teeth in jeopardy. You’re putting your entire health at risk. So how do you know if you should see a dentist about a tooth problem? Here are five telltale signs that you have a bad tooth.

1. You Have Chronic Halitosis

A rotting tooth commonly causes the smell of rotten breath. It’s possible to have a severe cavity in one of your teeth without being able to see or feel it. But if you seem to have chronic bad breath even though you brush and floss regularly, it’s likely that you have a bad tooth somewhere. A dentist should be able to locate and treat it for you.

2. You Have Severe Pain

A tooth that gives you pain is likely in very bad shape. Your teeth should never hurt. If you are experiencing severe tooth pain, then the nerve endings on that tooth are either exposed or being inflamed by some oral health condition. You can usually get temporary relief with an over-the-counter medication. But for long term treatment, consult a dental professional.

3. The Tooth is Loose

If you have a permanent tooth that is loose, that’s not normal. Your permanent teeth should all be firmly rooted in place. If one or more of your permanent teeth is loose, it’s a strong indicator that the tooth is bad and needs to be checked out by a professional.

4. The Tooth is Discolored

It’s common for teeth to get a little discolored from foods you eat or beverages you drink. But stained teeth and discolored bad teeth look different. First, bad teeth discoloration won’t respond to teeth whitening products or heavy brushing. If your tooth is starting to look gray, brown or black, it’s a bad tooth that needs to be treated immediately.

5. The Tooth Has a Pit or Hole in It

If you can visibly see a pit or a hole in a tooth, or even feel it with your tongue, you probably have a bad tooth that needs to be looked at by a dental professional. Pits or holes are called cavities. Left untreated, they can lead to severe periodontal conditions that only get worse the longer you put it off.

6. You Have Pain When Biting Down

If an area of your teeth gives you pain when you bite down, there’s a bad tooth in there somewhere. The pain may be from an exposed nerve, a chip in the tooth or a jagged edge. Whatever it is, it needs to be remedied as soon as possible.

Whenever you suspect that you have a bad tooth, make sure you consult with your dentist. Otherwise, the condition may spread to adjacent teeth, causing even more problems down the line.

by Dupont Dental

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What Causes Tooth Decay?

Tooth decay can cause a lot of trouble if not treated quickly but it can be difficult to spot without a dental examination. You may not notice any symptoms until decay has significantly affected you. 

Almost everyone knows what a cavity is, but what causes tooth decay? Continue reading to learn more about tooth decay, its stages of development, and the possible treatments available. 


Tooth decay (or a cavity) is damage to your tooth’s surface, causing tiny holes or openings to develop. They can happen for several reasons, but poor oral hygiene is prominent in the development of cavities. 

Tooth decay is one of the world’s most common health problems and is prominent in children and older adults. Cavities may seem insignificant at first, but the longer they go untreated, the worse they become. 

They grow in size and severity with time, affecting the inner layers of your tooth. This can lead to severe toothache, infection, or tooth loss, and it’s important to watch for the symptoms of tooth decay. 

Symptoms of Tooth Decay

With minor cavities, you may not experience any symptoms at all, but severe tooth decay can cause significant pain and discomfort. Common symptoms include: 


Pain while eating or drinking something hot or cold 

Pain when you bite down

Visible holes in your teeth

Tooth sensitivity

Because tooth decay may not be immediately noticeable, regular dental visits (even if you feel fine) can catch any initial development. Also, daily brushing and flossing can help prevent tooth decay. Understanding tooth decay is important to protect your teeth, so what exactly causes it?


Tooth decay is caused by the formation of plaque on your teeth and typically develops in 5 stages: 

Initial Plaque Formation 

Plaque is a clear film coating your teeth after eating sugars, starches, and not brushing effectively. Sugar is present in many common foods and drinks you consume each day, including: 

Baked goods 


Fruit canned in syrup

Sweets & chocolate 

Sugary cereals & bars


When sugars and scratches sit on your teeth, bacteria feed on them, creating plaque. This can appear as white areas on the tooth where plaque is developing. 

Plaque can harden near the gum line and develop into tartar if it stays on your teeth for too long. A build-up of tartar makes plaque harder to remove and protects bacteria. 

Enamel Decay

Eventually, plaque will begin to break the enamel, one of the layers of your tooth. Your tooth’s surface may break with persistent tooth decay if your body cannot naturally restore its enamel. This creates a cavity needing to be filled by your dentist. 

Dentinal Decay

The more tooth decay persists, the deeper into your tooth bacteria can travel. Dentin is what sits between the enamel and pulp, and it makes up most of your tooth. Dentin is softer than enamel, so tooth decay can quickly affect it. 

Pulp Damage

The centre of your tooth, the pulp, holds tissue, nerves, and blood vessels. Once tooth decay has reached the pulp, bacteria can cause a formation of pus within the tooth. This stage of decay is severe, and if not treated, can lead to the loss of your tooth. 


If an abscess develops within your tooth, there are several symptoms you will notice, including: 

Severe toothache


Tender & swollen lymph nodes under your jaw

Tooth sensitivity 

Facial swelling

An abscess requires medical attention as soon as possible. The infection present within your tooth can affect other areas of your body, and this can be a serious health concern. 

Before you possibly develop an abscess, visit your dentist if you’re suffering from tooth decay and they can provide you with effective treatment. 


If you’re suffering from tooth decay, your dentist has several treatments they can provide you with. The type of treatment depends on the stage of tooth decay you’re experiencing, and what will most effectively help you. Possible treatments include: 

Fluoride Treatments

In the initial stages of tooth decay, your dentist may recommend fluoride. This may help restore your tooth’s enamel and is more potent than the fluoride used in toothpaste and mouth rinses. It can come in liquid, gel, foam, or varnish form. 


Dentists use filling when tooth decay progresses past the initial stages. They are artificial substances used to fill in the holes within your enamel caused by tooth decay. There are various materials used for fillings. 


Crowns are custom-fitted coverings to replace the entirety of your tooth’s natural crown. They are used when your tooth is weakened or has suffered from severe decay. Your dentist will drill away any decayed areas and enough material to ensure a snug fit for your new crown. 

Root Canals 

If tooth decay has reached your tooth’s pulp, you may need a root canal. Your dentist repairs your infected tooth by removing the diseased pulp and then replacing it with a filling. 

Tooth Extractions 

If teeth are beyond repair, extraction is the best option. You can receive a bridge or implant as an alternative after your tooth’s removal. 

While there are many treatments for tooth decay, prevention is your best method of dealing with cavities. Brush and floss your teeth daily while maintaining regular visits with your dentist. 


While daily brushing and flossing can help prevent tooth decay, regular visits with your dentist are essential to maintaining your oral health. Dental exams can catch any decay in its initial stages, and your dental team can effectively treat your cavity. If you have any symptoms of tooth decay or need a regular exam, book an appointment with your dentist.

by Dr. Reena Kaloti

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Seven Signs It´s Time To See A Dentist

Even dentists know that your dental visits aren’t the most fun thing to do, but you still need to keep up with your oral health. Tarheel Family Dentistry in Chapel Hill, NC offers complete dentistry for patients of all ages, whether you need regular office visits or more complex care. Do you know the signs your body is telling you it may be time for a dentist visit?


If you feel like there is a bad taste in your mouth that just won’t go away even after brushing, you may have advanced tooth decay. Oral bacteria produce foul-smelling acids that can cause bad breath and a bad taste in your mouth. Tooth decay needs to be addressed in its early stages to avoid gingivitis, infection, or even tooth loss.


If your teeth are significantly discolored or have yellow deposits along the gum line, see a dentist. Discolored teeth can be an indication of a problem inside the teeth, but it also happens naturally over time as we eat highly-pigmented foods. Yellow deposits along the gums indicate hardened plaque, called tartar, that needs to be removed to avoid tooth decay.


Pain is the body’s way of letting you know when something is wrong. Mouth pain is not normal, and could be an indication of a problem in the teeth or jaw bone. It’s important not to let mouth pain go untreated, because many dental problems are linked to problems in other parts of the body.


Cavities don’t always cause pain right away. An early indication that you have a cavity may be sensitivity to temperature or sweet food. If you feel a tingling sensation when eating sweet food or brushing your teeth, see a dentist, because it could be an indication of a cavity.


Have you been wondering about teeth whitening, dentures, implants, or fixing crooked teeth? Your dentist will be able to answer any questions you have about your cosmetic goals and design a unique treatment plan to help you refresh your smile.


Tooth loss can happen for many reasons and is not necessarily a result of poor oral hygiene. Regardless of the reason, missing teeth should be replaced to preserve your oral health. Your dentist can talk to you about tooth replacement options such as implants, bridges, or even dentures.


Most dentists recommend dental exams every six months. This gives them the opportunity to check for cavities, remove hardened plaque from teeth, and catch any minor issues before they become more complicated. If you haven’t seen the dentist in a while, it might be time to schedule an appointment.

by Tarheel Dentistry

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When do I need a root canal?

Either way, now we’re having a really bad tooth pain and we want to get rid of it as soon as possible. We ask our friends and family for tips and advices and the suggestion of a root canal comes up often.

But do YOU really need it? How do you know it’s the correct procedure for you?

The short answer is: You can’t know until a dentist evaluates you.

But how does the dentist know that you need a root canal?

The usual reasons for a root canal are the following:In short, any damage to the tooth’s pulp can be reason to need a root canal. But since you need to see the inside of your tooth to know if there’s pulp damage, it’s advised to visit your dentist and have an X-Ray of the affected area to determine what’s causing your pain and how it can be solved.

A cavity has reached the tooth’s pulp. Cavities are made by, putting it simply, tooth-eating bacteria. They chomp their way down to the tooth’s pulp, and they’re starting to infect the area. A root canal will be needed to remove the tooth’s nerve and stop the pain.

A cavity is about to reach the tooth’s pulp.  Sometimes you don’t feel pain, but you’re sensitive. The good news is that you don’t have an infection because the cavity hasn’t completely reached the nerve, but it’s close enough to cause sensitivity and filling the cavity might cause more harm than good in terms of pain. The dentist has to take into account the extent and depth of the cavity, and might consider that it’s better for you to have a root canal done rather than risking more sensitivity and ending up needing a root canal later once the pain worsens.

A deep crack or chip in the tooth.   Cracks and chips can be caused by external forces like biting hard candy or having an accident with a football. If these injuries go deep enough into the teeth’s pulp, they might cause pain and become a reason to do a root canal.

Does a Root Canal hurt?

During the procedure you will be under local anesthesia, so you won’t feel pain during the treatment. Maybe, once the procedure is over and the anesthesia wears out, there will be some pain that can be calmed with painkillers. Your dentist will give you a prescription if necessary.

How long does a Root Canal take? How many appointments will I need?

This depends on the amount of roots that your tooth has. Anterior or frontal teeth have only one root, and the procedure takes around 40 minutes to 1 hour. Posterior or molar teeth have two or three roots, so the procedure takes between one and one and half hour

Most root canals take only one appointment to be done. If the tooth is infected, your dentist will place medication inside your tooth to deal with the infection and ask you to return one or two weeks later to finish the treatment. In some cases where the infection is too strong, your dentist will use the second appointment to renew the medication inside your tooth and ask you to return for a third and hopefully final appointment. 

Do I have to use antibiotics after a Root Canal?

It’s not always necessary to take antibiotics, only in the case that the treated tooth is infected. 

For how long will it hurt after the Root Canal?

There might not be any pain after the treatment, or there might be pain for 4 to 5 days after the treatment. Painkillers will help to relieve it.

Can I drive and/or work after a Root Canal?

Yes, you can. Only the left or right side of your mouth will be numb, depending on the treated tooth's location.  If you're getting two or more teeth done in a single appointment and they're in opposite sides of your mouth, then your dentist will have to numb your whole mouth. This will not affect your motor skills or your mental efficiency,  the sensation (or lack thereof) might be a bit distracting, but you'll be perfectly fine. The numbness will go away in 30 minutes to one hour. 

by Dental studio

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How To Make Your Teeth Stronger

Take care of your teeth, while you still have them. Or, alternatively, if you want to have them forever.

Strengthening your teeth can be achieved by proper oral hygiene, abolishing some bad habits, and eating healthier foods. See how I avoided using the word “diet”. I know everyone hates it, but any positive physiological change (and often mental) begins with the intake of vitamin and mineral rich foods.

10 Ways to Make Your Teeth Strong

Limit the intake of sugar (any kind, not just artificial);

Eat calcium-rich foods;

Stay away from acidic foods;

Floss twice a day, every day;

Do not over-brush your teeth;

Fluorite rich toothpaste is good;

Make sure your mouth is not dry;

Stop clenching your teeth;

Don’t use your teeth as can openers and such;

Stop smoking;

Chew xylitol gum;

Regular dental checkups (if affordable)!

I suggest you remember the bullet points but bookmark this article because all the knowledge will be dropped below.

To understand teeth strengthening, it is important to know the role of enamel.

Enamel is a substance that covers the outer layer of every tooth in your mouth. It is made out of super hard matter. In fact, the enamel is the hardest and most mineralized substance that scientists have found in our bodies.

Enamel is extremely important because it protects your teeth from erosion. It is the strongest barrier between bacteria and the inner layers of teeth. Therefore, taking care of your enamel will inevitably strengthen your teeth.

Mind What You Eat

You do not have to go on an all food restricting diet to have healthy and strong teeth. But, you do need to be careful what you eat, and how much of what you eat.

Sugary foods – all oral bacteria feed on the sugar that you consume through foods and drinks. This includes artificial sweeteners and non-artificial (fructose) sugars.

Once the bacteria has had enough to eat, it begins to form acids in your mouth. These freshly formed acids then begin to soften and wear down your enamel. Chewy candies and soft drinks are particularly hazardous to your enamel.

Most acidic foods to be avoided:


Ice Cream



Carbonated Water (Yeah!)

So, if no more candy and sugary drinks, then what?

Calcium has the ability to counter the acids in your mouth. Milk, cheese, and various other dairy products are usually associated with a positive effect on the bones. However, they are also an excellent choice to slow down tooth decay.

Not a fan of dairy? Here is a list of 7 foods that will better fit your diet.

Floss Regularly

Brushing is good, but flossing necessary. If you cannot do it every day, make sure you floss every 2-3 days at the very least. Especially if you are not using a fluoride-rich toothpaste.

Brush Regularly, But Not Too Regularly

Sounds crazy, I know. Over-brushing your teeth can cause the destruction of enamel as well. It can also irritate your gums and cause a variety of other mouth related diseases.

Fluoride For the Win

Often referred to as nature’s cavity fighter, fluoride has been recognized by the American Dental Association (ADA) as essential for enamel strengthening. In this order of things, the ADA has approved the use of fluoride toothpaste as soon as the first tooth shows up.

Gum Disease

Statistically speaking, gum disease is responsible for the loss of more teeth than tooth decay itself. Gingivitis, for example, can cause the gums to redden, swell and bleed. Bleeding gums open the gates of hell and bacteria begins to settle in. This inevitably leads to tooth decay and often a loss of teeth.

Make sure you consume foods high in vitamin C. If not, take supplements.

Watch Out for Eating Disorders and Heartburn

Acids are not only formed inside your mouth.

Severe heartburn or stomach related disorders can help acids escape and reach your mouth and begin to destroy the enamel. Bulimia, or any other similar disorder that cause vomiting, can also attribute to acids reaching your mouth.

Stop Making Those Teeth Grinding Faces

Clenching your teeth is not just unattractive, but it also leads to attrition. Teeth-to-teeth contact wears down the dentin and makes it exposed to all elements (food, cold, hot, etc…). This causes tooth sensitivity.

Stop Biting and Chewing Stuff

Unless it is delicious food meant to go down your tummy, stop chewing it.

Pens, books, nails, coffee cup lids, and other objects that are not food related can abrade your enamel over time. The biting surfaces of the teeth will eventually wear down and result in loss of enamel.

Quit Smoking

This is probably not the place to lecture you about this particular self-destructive habit.

Smoking does not only make your teeth look yellow or give you life-shatteringly bad breath that can take down epic dragons and monsters from loving childhood books. Smoking makes you breathe through your mouth, slows down the reproduction of saliva and opens the gates of hell for bacteria to join the party.

I am not even going to talk about the possibility of cancer. Just stop smoking, please.

by Dental Dorks

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Is it Ever Too Late to Start Flossing?

Is it ever too late to start flossing? The good news is that it is never too late to start flossing whatever is your age. Keeping your teeth in top condition is crucial to your dental health and hygiene. Flossing is one way you can achieve the best state for your teeth. It will keep your mouth clean and give you good breath.

Know that brushing is not enough to achieve good dental hygiene; you need to floss regularly. While you can get your teeth flooded at a dental clinic, you can learn to floss at home and get it done with a couple of minutes.

Flossing removes food particles and plaque build-up between the teeth. It is common knowledge that food residue usually get stuck in-between teeth and become the breeding ground for bacteria that cause bad breath. The best way to remove the stuck food residue and plaque is flossing. And it is not too late to start flossing even if you have not done it for a long time. The plaque should be removed regularly to prevent tooth decay and gum issues, and flossing is the best way to go.

If you have not been flossing, your gums are likely to bleed when you start. However, it will stop after a few days; if it does not stop, visit a dental clinic for an examination and treatment. Regardless, if you have never flossed before, you should start now.

Benefits of Flossing

Flossing offers several benefits to your teeth and gums and overall health.

Be Healthier

Flossing protects the gum from gum diseases and decay. Besides, there are links between gum diseases and diabetes, lung infections, and heart conditions. Therefore, flossing helps to get rid of one of the health risk factors.

Good Breath

Flossing will improve your breath, and it will smell better. If your breath is terrible, start flossing today.

Better Look

If you have gum disease, it will cause bleeding and may result in a tooth loss. While a lost tooth is not attractive to look at, it is also expensive to replace.

Fewer Dental Clinic Visits

Flossing helps to prevent plaque build-up that causes gum diseases and tooth decay. Regular flossing will enable you to be free from dental issues that make you visit a dental clinic often.

As long as you have not lost all your teeth, it is never too late to start flossing. Enjoy the overall benefits of flossing and stay healthy. Preserve your beautiful smile and remain attractive by flossing regularly.

by Bathurst Wester Dental

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How to prevent yellow teeth

Keeping your teeth bright and white is the best way to bring out your smile. While professional teeth whitening treatments are a great way to keep your teeth looking their best, preventative care is always preferred. Here are five easy ways to prevent yellow teeth in your day-to-day life.

1. Drink water

You may be wondering why you need to be reminded about how important it is to drink water. There’s no doubt that water improves your overall health, but let’s discuss why it’s so important for your oral health and hygiene.

Sipping water in between bites of food, and drinking a glass after each meal, rinses out your mouth and helps get rid of bits of food that stick around, until you get a chance to brush them again before bed. Drinking fluoridated water is even more beneficial as fluoride protects your teeth against tooth decay and yellow staining.

Water is preferred over any other drink, as it’s the only drink that doesn’t have some type of negative effect on your teeth. Acidic drinks, such as soft drinks, energy drinks and alcohol have high levels of sugar and acid, which can soften the tooth enamel and make the teeth more prone to stains.

2. Cut down on coffees and black tea

As much of a staple coffee and tea are every day, these drinks are both culprits for stained, yellow teeth. Dark pigments in coffee, called chromogens, stick to the tooth enamel surface and can cause the teeth to darken over time. Black tea is also known to have this staining effect.

Cutting down your twice-daily, or even three-times-daily coffees will make a big difference. However, if you’re not too keen on cutting down, there are some simple ways to reduce the risks of both drinks causing stained teeth.

One way is to sip water after you’re done with either drink. Similar to my first dot point, this rinses your mouth out a little, until it’s time to brush your teeth again before bed.

Another way is to add milk to your tea or coffee. This dilutes the beverages and reduces the risks of the dark pigments causing stains. Plus, milk is a great source of calcium which strengthens your teeth!

3. Have a proper cleaning routine

A proper oral hygiene routine is paramount to achieving beautiful pearly whites. Dentists recommend you brush your teeth twice daily, for at least two minutes each brush. It is also recommended you use fluoride toothpaste and mouth wash once a day. Flossing is an important part of the routine that some people tend to neglect. It helps reach parts of the teeth that the brush cannot – and getting rid of those little bits of food will give you an overall, whiter smile.

4. Quit smoking

One of the many effects of smoking is staining your teeth. This is caused by the tar and nicotine in cigarettes that can make your teeth yellow in a short period of time, and even brown over a longer period of time.

Smoking can also cause oral health problems far worse than yellow teeth, including gum disease and oral cancer.

5. Visit the dentist regularly

It is recommended that you visit the dentist every six months for a regular check-up, however you should visit more often if you begin to notice any concerns. Dentists are able to detect any early signs of teeth or gum problems, and can give you advice on how to best maintain your oral health and hygiene to prevent yellow teeth.

Even if you have a great twice-daily teeth cleaning routine in place, a professional teeth clean is also a great addition to your regular dental check-ups. A professional clean will remove the build-up of plaque on your teeth that your regular daily routines may not be reaching, leaving your them freshly polished.

by Golden Square Dental

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Why Are Cavities Still So Common?

Cavities have long been the most common concern for healthy, natural teeth, and most people recognize what they are. The good news is that preventing cavities from forming is a lot more successful than it used to be, thanks to advanced dental care and dental hygiene practices. However, they still remain common for many people, and treating them may be an important part of your dental care at some point. At our Grand Prairie, TX, dental office, we can help you improve your chances of avoiding cavities with regular preventive care, as well as treat any cavities that develop quickly and naturally with a tooth-colored filling.


There are a lot of things that can raise your risks of developing a cavity, but the root cause of a cavity is a condition known as tooth decay. This is an infection that begins when oral bacteria infect your tooth structure, which is made possible when tooth enamel becomes weak and compromised. The fact that cavities develop naturally from oral bacteria is one of the most important reasons why they’re so common. The same bacteria that cause them also make up a significant part of the plaque that develops on your teeth every day. All it takes is to let plaque calcify into tartar and remain your teeth long enough, and a cavity will develop on its own.


As a hole in your tooth structure, a cavity is a more serious condition than you might realize at first. If allowed to grow severe, the cavity will affect a majority of your tooth structure, and the underlying tooth decay can infect the tissues and structures at the center of your tooth. However, before this occurs, the early stages of a cavity will exhibit a few warning signs. Slight tooth sensitivity, barely noticeable discoloration in your tooth, and more might be easy to miss on your own, which is why sticking to a schedule of checkups and cleanings is especially important to preventing cavities or treating them as early as possible.


Once you or your dentist notices the signs of a cavity, you can have it treated to stop it from becoming more severe and restore the healthy, natural tooth structure that remains. This can save your tooth and restore your smile with optimal results, but it doesn’t mean that smile is now safe from cavities forever. Oral bacteria will always be a part of your oral health, and so will the risks they pose. Even after treating your cavity, maintaining excellent hygiene and preventive dental practices will be important to ensuring your smile remains cavity-free in the future.

by Pecantree Dental

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What To Do About Chronic Bad Breath?

If you have chronic bad breath, then you know how embarrassing this problem can be. Instead of temporarily masking odor with breath mints, gum and other freshening products, get to the root of this unpleasant condition and eliminate it once and for all. Start by getting an accurate diagnosis from your dentist. Once you know the specific cause of your bad breath, then you can address it while also keeping up with your excellent oral care habits.

What Is Causing Your Halitosis?

Bad breath, also known as halitosis, is characterized by an unpleasant oral odor. This can make simple things like having a close conversation with someone a source of embarrassment and anxiety. Brushing and flossing can help by removing bacteria and other substances from the mouth that can create a foul smell. What if you still experience symptoms even with good oral hygiene?

Determining the cause of bad breath can be tricky without the help of a healthcare professional because there are so many possibilities of what may be causing it. Simple factors such as the nature of your eating habits or poor dental hygiene can lead to halitosis. Other oral health issues such as dry mouth and gum disease may be the culprit. Having chronic bad breath can also indicate a serious health problem such as a respiratory infection or problems with the liver or kidneys. To find out what is causing the problem, make an appointment with your dentist. After examining your mouth and discussing your habits and medical history, he can give you a diagnosis and refer you to your family physician or another medical professional if necessary.

How to Stop Chronic Bad Breath

Your dentist or doctor can talk to you about ways to address any health issues that are triggering halitosis. Another step that you can take is to make sure that you are practicing great oral care habits. Brushing twice a day and flossing daily will help to control bacteria in the mouth, thus controlling odor. Brush for two minutes at a time, brushing all surfaces of teeth and your tongue with a Colgate 360 Toothbrush. For that fresh-mouth feel, try a toothpaste that is designed to combat bad breath such as the Colgate Max Fresh with Mini Breath Strips toothpaste. Use floss to keep the spaces in between your teeth clean. You can also use an interdental brush to clean hard-to-reach places. Regular dental visits are another part of good oral hygiene. See your dentist twice a year for a check-up, a professional cleaning with the dental hygienist and to talk about any oral health concerns that you may have.

by Colgate

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What is Gum Surgery?

Periodontal (gum) disease can be a very aggressive infection: Left untreated, it can destroy the vital periodontal structures that protect teeth and maintain their attachment to the jaw. The end result—tooth loss—harms both your health and appearance.

Controlling gum disease and ultimately restoring health and appearance to damaged gums and tooth-supporting bone requires aggressive treatment—sometimes even surgical measures. Periodontal (gum) surgery treats moderate to advanced disease.

Infection Control: An Important First Step

Gum disease is primarily caused by bacterial plaque, a thin film of food remnants and bacteria that builds up on tooth surfaces when oral hygiene is inadequate or inefficient. As the gums become infected by the bacteria, the body responds with inflammation, a defensive mechanism aimed at isolating the bacteria and destroying it.

But as the war between body and infection rages, the inflammation becomes chronic and damages the surrounding gum and bone tissues. This causes gum attachment and supporting bone to be lost from the teeth, creating spaces between the gums and teeth known as periodontal pockets. The progression of periodontal disease becomes a vicious cycle: As the pockets deepen, dental hygiene becomes less effective.

The only way to stop gum disease is to remove bacterial plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) from all tooth surfaces—including from the roots that lie beneath the gum line. Dentists use special hand instruments (or ultrasonic equipment) called scalers to manually remove calculus. If you need a deeper cleaning of the root surfaces, your general dentist may refer you to a periodontist (gum specialist) for a manual plaque-removal technique known as root planing or debridement. If the tissues don’t appear to be responding as desired, then antibiotic treatment to reduce bacterial levels might be introduced. Splinting teeth together, or bite adjustment—where a tiny bit of tooth enamel is removed to reduce forces received by a particular tooth—may also be included to help stabilize loose teeth.

Of equal importance is a necessary change in behavior and lifestyle on the part of the patient. The disease develops and advances primarily because of a lack of effective hygiene, so the patient must therefore renew and maintain a daily habit of brushing and flossing, and a routine of regular dental visits for cleanings and checkups (at least twice a year and maybe more with advanced gum disease). He or she should also consider stopping tobacco use and other habits that harm oral health.

Surgical Techniques

If the infection has caused deep periodontal pockets (5 mm or more) or has settled beyond the reach of manual scalers, then gum surgery may be needed to access, clean and repair the diseased areas.


Flap surgery is one type of procedure used to access the deeper pockets of infection and clean them. The surgeon, usually a periodontist, creates a three-sided flap in the gum tissue, with one side still attached to the blood supply. The resulting opening resembles the flap of an envelope. Opening the flap, the surgeon can then access deep periodontal pockets to perform plaque removal, as well as repair receded gum tissue or lost bone. When finished, the surgeon then sutures the flap closed with self-dissolving stitches.

Regenerative techniques may also be needed to re-grow lost tissue and bone. These involve the use of various grafting procedures to obtain tissue from the roof of the patient’s mouth or another source and attach it where needed. Once in place, the graft acts as a scaffold for new gum tissue to grow upon and develop. These micro-surgical techniques require meticulous skill (and some level of art) not only to place the grafting material so it is most conducive to growth, but also to fashion it cosmetically to achieve the most attractive result.

These and similar procedures are usually performed with local anesthesia, sometimes supplemented with other sedation methods. Special cleaning instructions will be given to protect the site from further infection, and any minor discomfort after the procedure can usually be managed with anti-inflammatory medication (like ibuprofen) for a few days.

Treating Disease Today, Preventing It in the Future


Gum disease treatment, including surgery, isn’t a cure—the prospect for re-occurrence is always there. Proper hygiene and maintenance by both you and your dentist is essential for preventing this. Gum surgery is performed to regenerate lost bone and to help create an environment around the teeth and gums that makes it easier to clean and maintain them. Gum surgery, then, should be considered as part of an overall strategy to stop periodontal (gum) disease’s unchecked advance so that healing can take place. This will allow you to keep your natural teeth for as long as possible—maybe even for life.

by Dental Plans

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Exposed Tooth Root: Causes and Symptoms

You experience pain when you brush your teeth, and your teeth are sensitive when you eat or drink anything that’s hot or cold, sweet or sour. What could be the problem? It’s just possible that the roots of your teeth have become exposed. But how can that happen? After all, tooth roots are supposed to fit snugly into your gums and jaw. We take a closer look at one of the reasons why your teeth are so sensitive.

Why are Exposed Tooth Roots So Sensitive?

The simplest way to explain tooth root sensitivity would be to say that tooth roots are usually covered by gums. Healthy teeth and gums give you ample protection against sensitivity. But when the gums recede, exposing the tooth roots, the delicate nerves inside your teeth react to heat, cold, or sweet foods with a nasty jolt of pain.

The parts of your teeth that are meant to be exposed are covered with super-strong tooth enamel. But once we move down to the areas that gums would ordinarily cover, we find a less powerful covering: cementum. It’s way more prone to decay than tooth enamel, and it wears away more easily too.

How Tooth Roots Become Exposed

Gums can recede for a variety of reasons. The most common reason for exposed tooth roots is gum disease. However, some people simply brush their teeth too hard. Other reasons for receding gums include tobacco use and grinding your teeth. Of course, sometime the teeth themselves are to blame. If they’re poorly aligned, one or ore teeth could end up with exposed roots.

Other Symptoms of Exposed Tooth Roots

Apart from sensitivity to stimuli and the pain it causes, you might notice that your teeth appear longer than before. Or you might notice gum disease symptoms: red, inflamed gums and a tendency for your gums to bleed especially after you’ve brushed your teeth. Gum disease can be very serious and apart from exposing tooth roots, it can cause teeth to be lost altogether. Ultimately, you could even lose bone tissue from your jaw.

Treatment Can Help You

Knowing that your tooth roots are exposed doesn’t help you, but treatment will. A dentist can zero in on the cause of exposed tooth roots. If, as in most cases, it’s the result of gum disease, treating the ailment can resolve the problem. If gum disease has progressed far, then your dentist may need to help you with a gum graft.

You can also help yourself to recover by using the correct brushing technique and a toothpaste that’s made for sensitive teeth, but that won’t clear up the problem on its own if you have gingivitis or periodontitis.

Quitting smoking is always good for your health and it could also help to resolve your issue, and if you are a tooth grinder, you may need to wear a protective mouthguard at night.

Resolving Discomfort and Saving Your Teeth Begins at the Dentist’s Office

Whether you have exposed tooth roots, have worn tooth enamel, or are experiencing discomfort owing to tooth decay, the first step towards relief begins at your dentist’s office. Don’t delay getting help for your problem. The sooner it’s addressed, the happier you (and your teeth) will be.

by Yaletown Dental

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Can braces help with a variety of misaligned teeth problems?

Having misaligned teeth is not liked by any of the individuals which is also a serious oral health issue concern. The misalignment of the teeth is also known as malocclusion which may be due to crowded teeth, crossbite, overbite, underbite, open bite, etc. Here, the teeth are in the condition of damaged, crooked, or in uneven shape.

The misalignment of the teeth also does not look proper. The smile appears improper for the individual.

The dental expert usually suggests Orthodontic treatment for making the teeth alignment. It will enhance the functionality and the appearance of the teeth, operating joints, and jaw muscles. Here, the Orthodontist usually uses the braces treatment for taking the tooth to the proper position and treating the misaligned teeth problem.

What are the causes of misaligned teeth?


Misalignment of jaw

Irregularity in the teeth

Bottle feeding to the child beyond a certain age limit

Mouth breathing during the childhood

Any of the injury that might have affected the jaw position

Thumb sucking habit during childhood exerts pressure on selected teeth

These are some of the reasons for the problem of misalignment of the teeth. It can occur due to one or a combination of these reasons.

What are the common issues solved by braces?

1. Misaligned jaw

The misalignment of the jaw is due to the crowded or crooked teeth. It causes problems like the uneven bite. This causes some pain in the mouth too that causes uncomfort in the jaw. The braces treatment can help in correcting a misaligned jaw to make it properly.

2. Spacing and Overcrowding

Some patients have the problem of the spacing between the teeth and some have the overcrowding problem where too many teeth are crowded in at a single place. Spacing between the teeth is usually observed at the front teeth that are easily viewable. 

Braces treatment can correct these issues properly. It will apply gentle pressure in an effective way on the desired teeth to make the teeth positioning properly.

3. Underbites and Overbites

In the underbite, the lower jaw is a little in the forward position than the upper jaw. In the overbite, the upper jaw is a little in forward position of the lower jaw. Both these problems cause problems while eating, smiling, and talking. The braces treatment can exert the necessary pressure on the jaw and the related teeth to take it to the correct position.

4. Open bites

Open bites occur due to a large gap between anterior upper and lower teeth. It usually occurs due to habits like thumb sucking, bottle feeding longer, etc. Braces treatment can exert pressure on the upper anterior jaw to take it to the proper position. Braces have given many nice results for the open bite.

5. Problems of periodontal

Some of the misalignment problems also lead to gum disease issues. An orthodontist can analyze the misaligned tooth responsible for the periodontal problem. Braces treatment can be treated to get the tooth to come in a proper position. It can ultimately solve the periodontal problems properly.

So, these are some of the misaligned teeth problems that can be solved from the braces treatment. Taking proper braces treatment can help to achieve better results.

by Sabka Dentist

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Teeth Yellow Along The Gum Line?

Tooth discoloration along the gum line can indicate several dental issues. One of the more common reasons for a yellow coating developing along the gum line is tartar buildup. Failing to maintain regular teeth cleanings can allow for tartar to form, especially in hard-to-reach places. 

Read on to learn more about tartar buildup and how it can have a severe impact on your overall health if left untreated. 

What Is Dental Tartar?

Tartar, or calculus, is plaque that has hardened onto the teeth. Tartar is mostly made of mineralized dead bacteria and a small amount of mineralized proteins from saliva. Chemically speaking, tartar is made of calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate, and magnesium phosphate. It can form at or just below the gum line and can exasperate gum issues. 

You cannot remove tartar at home. Once tartar has formed, it must be removed with special tools by a dental professional. 

How Dental Plaque Leads to Tartar Buildup 

Bacteria is always present in the mouth, even with an excellent oral hygiene routine. As bacteria mixes with proteins and food byproducts, a sticky film forms called plaque. Plaque covers the teeth, can get under the gum line, and sticks to fillings and other dental work. It also carries harmful bacteria that can damage tooth enamel and lead to cavities and decay. By removing plaque regularly, you can prevent tooth decay and gum disease. Left untreated, plaque hardens and turns into tartar buildup. 

How Tartar Affects Teeth and Gums 

Tartar buildup can make it difficult to brush and floss your teeth thoroughly, which often results in cavities and tooth decay. Any tartar that forms above the gum line has the potential to damage tooth enamel. Tartar that forms below the gum line can irritate and damage your gum tissue. Over time, this can lead to progressive gum disease. 

The mildest form of gum disease, called gingivitis, can be reversed by brushing, flossing, and using an antiseptic mouthwash, in addition to routine cleanings by a dentist. Gum disease can progress to the point of periodontitis, where infected pockets forming between the gums and teeth. At the point of periodontitis, damage to the bones and tissues that hold your teeth in place can lead to tooth loss. Some studies also suggest a direct link between the bacteria found in gum disease and heart disease. 

Signs You Have Tartar Buildup

Luckily, tartar is a mineral buildup that is relatively easy to see above the gum line. Tartar buildup feels like a rough substance and not smooth like tooth enamel. Tartar also irritates the gums, causing inflammation, bleeding, and eventually gum disease. When tartar appears below the gum line, it can cause swollen and bleeding gums. 

Only a dental professional can successfully remove tartar buildup on teeth through a process called scaling. Scaling should never be attempted at home to avoid damaging the tooth enamel. 

Preventing Tartar and Plaque 

The most effective way of preventing tartar from forming on your teeth is not to let plaque linger for too long. This can be done by:

Brushing regularly. Brush your teeth regularly, twice a day for two minutes. 

Using a fluoride toothpaste. Fluoride helps to repair damage to tooth enamel. If you’re susceptible to tartar buildup, also look for a toothpaste made for tartar control. 

Flossing. Dental floss is the only way to remove plaque between the teeth and keep tartar out of these hard-to-reach places. 

Using a mouth rinse. Using an antiseptic mouthwash daily will help kill the bacteria that cause plaque. 

Watch what you eat. The bacteria in the mouth thrive on sugary and starchy foods. Eating a healthy diet will help to limit the number of bacteria in the mouth. 

Avoid smoking. Those who smoke cigarettes or use other tobacco products are more likely to struggle with tartar buildup.  


by Tompkins Dental

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What Happens When You Don't Care For Your Teeth?

Oral health is not a joke and should never be taken lightly. What most people do not realize is that when you have poor oral health, it affects the overall health of an individual too. Thankfully enough studies have been conducted over the last two to three decades that emphasize the importance of oral health and why it is as important as the general health of the body.

Here is a fact that will astonish you: half of the Americans do not floss on a daily basis while one out of every five Americans does not brush their teeth twice a day. 

In this article, we are going to take a different approach and expose what happens if you don’t take care of your teeth and oral health. 

Bad breath 

The first thing that will happen is that you would have bad breath. When you don’t brush your teeth after eating or drinking, some of the residues remain in your mouth.

These particles get stuck around your teeth and even your tongue. Secondly, as most consumables have a smell attached to it, it lingers in your mouth when you don’t brush. In just a day or two, you’d see how every time you open your mouth, a particularly unpleasant smell comes from your mouth. This is not a confidence builder.

Enamel will start to break down

When you eat something and don’t brush your teeth, plaque starts to accumulate in your mouth. Over time, this plaque hardens and turns into tartar. When tartar is left untreated, it aids in the erosion of the enamel of your teeth. The worst thing is once enamel is lost, it cannot be regained. When the tooth is still not treated, the decay makes the dentin of the tooth vulnerable too. As dentin is a softer part of the tooth, the decay process is faster when involved. When decay grows and gets close to the pulp, it can become exposed. That can make the process even more complicated as it can involve root canal therapy which greatly increases the cost of treatment.

More prone to gum disease

When you don’t take care of your oral hygiene, it does not only leave its impact on your teeth but also your gums. People who don’t brush their teeth properly are prone to getting gingivitis. The fact is that half of the Americans already have it. Gingivitis is labeled as the earliest sign of gum disease. If your gums start to bleed while you floss, it shows that you have a milder version of gingivitis. 

If you don’t take gingivitis seriously and it is left on its own, it can lead to a more serious gum disease called periodontists. Once you have periodontists, it can cause irreversible damage and it becomes crucial that you see your dentist. 

Development of tooth infections 

Poor dental hygiene results in the development of tooth infections. As you keep on getting cracks and cavities in teeth, it leads to infections that not only hurt really bad but also can only be sorted out by a dentist.

When cavities are not treated in time, bacteria gets inside the pulp of a tooth. A tooth with a damaged pulp can lead to an abscessed tooth, which is painful and also results in swelling and discomfort while chewing. 

However,  if you take care of your teeth, you can actually steer clear of these dental issues and actually enjoy good oral health. 


At the end of the day, it is important to realize that only you can take care of your health, be it oral or total body. It is a team effort. Getting proper dental treatment will do little if you don’t take care of your oral health. Brushing your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste (preferably after consuming something), flossing once a day, and frequent dental checkups are three of the basic regimens of a good oral health routine. 

If you do feel any type of toothache or dental problem, do not shy away from making an appointment with your dentist. It is better to catch a problem early than let it grow into a bigger problem, causing more pain and expense.

by Dr. Jeffrey R. Shapiro

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Seven Ways to Banish Bad Breath for Good

Nobody wants to discover that they have bad breath. Formally called halitosis, bad breath can be embarrassing. Together, these strategies can help you banish bad breath for good.

1.- Gargle with Warm Salt Water

You can gargle or rinse out your mouth with warm salt water to try to kill some of the bacteria in your mouth that is causing the smell. You could also try an antiseptic mouthwash, though some people find over the counter products like Listerine to be drying. Warm salt water is mild enough that most people don’t have any issues using it.

2.- Chew Cinnamon Gum

Instead of spearmint or peppermint, trade in your regular chewing gum for a cinnamon stick or cinnamon gum. Cinnamon has naturally occurring aldehyde in it. It can help to reduce the germs that cause bad breath.

3.- Drink Green Tea

The polyphenols that are in green tea can help eliminate the bacteria in your mouth that causes bad breath by 30%. There are many other health benefits associated with drinking a daily cup of green tea, including maintaining less body fat.

4.- Stay Hydrated

Dry mouth can cause bad breath. Some medications cause dry mouth as a side effect. Regardless of the reason behind your dry mouth, drinking more water every day can help clear up your skin, improve the smell of your breath, and make you feel better.

5.- Improve Your Oral Hygiene

As food particles and bacteria build up in your mouth, they rot and cause gum tissue and teeth to decay. The more of this matter that you can remove from your mouth quickly, the better your breath will be. If you don’t currently floss and brush twice a day, start with this goal in mind. You can increase how often you brush to include after each meal. This could have the most significant impact on how your breath smells.

6.- Become a More Fit Person

Getting healthy can improve your breath in many ways. This includes eating a healthier diet and to stop smoking cigarettes. Just be careful of huffing and puffing during intense exercise routines. This could potentially dry out your mouth and make the bad breath problem worse.

7.- Make a Dental Appointment

The most concrete way that you can improve your breath is to simply make an appointment at the dentist. There might be underlying tooth decay or gum disease that’s causing the smell. No amount of drinking water or flossing is going to fill a cavity and cover up the smell. Only a licensed dentist can do that.

by Metrowest Prosthodontics

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Signs That You May Have Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is the most common oral disease among American adults. In fact, it’s so common that there’s a 50% chance you already have it if you’re over 30.

Also called gum disease, it starts with mild gum inflammation called gingivitis. If not treated, the condition worsens, loosening your teeth. Eventually, your teeth could fall out.

The good news is that periodontal disease is treatable. Learn to recognize the signs of this condition so you can protect your smile. At Arcadia Perio, our team of dental professionals, led by J. Paul Fuentes, DDS, and Andrew Peterson, DMD, are here to help.

Telltale signs of periodontal disease

Your gums protect your jaw and the roots of your teeth. Healthy gums help hold your teeth in place and seal out harmful bacteria. Strong oral hygiene keeps your teeth and your gums clean, but if you don’t brush and floss regularly, periodontal disease can develop.

Here are some of the most common signs of gingivitis and periodontal disease. 

Bleeding gums

Healthy gums don’t bleed, but periodontal disease can make them more sensitive. If you notice bleeding gums when you brush or floss or at your regular dental cleanings, it may be a sign of periodontal disease.

Puffy gums

Puffy gums are another visual cue that could indicate periodontal disease. When bacteria builds up on your teeth, it can infect and inflame surrounding gum tissue. Healthy gums are pink, but periodontal disease may make them red, puffy, and tender.

Receding gumline

If you have periodontal disease, gum tissue may begin pulling away from your teeth. Your gums should fit snugly around the base of your teeth, but inflammation can make them recede and reveal too much of your tooth roots.

Bad breath

Chronic bad breath, or halitosis, could be a sign of periodontal disease. Excessive bacteria buildup on teeth and under gums can cause bad breath or a permanent bad taste in your mouth. 

Tooth sensitivity

Receding gums and other symptoms of periodontal disease can make your teeth feel sensitive. Pain when consuming food or beverages that are hot, cold, or sweet is one of the most noticeable signs of tooth sensitivity. You might also notice pain when biting or chewing, no matter the food’s temperature.

Loose teeth

When periodontal disease progresses, it can cause teeth to loosen in their sockets. You might notice a tooth that’s obviously loose, or the signs may be more subtle. Slowly loosening teeth can shift in your mouth, changing the way your teeth fit together when you bite down.

Stop the damage of periodontal disease

Good oral hygiene is your best defense against periodontal disease. Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss once a day. Use a fluoride mouthwash for extra protection.

Along with at-home care, visit our office for routine dental cleanings. Everyone should get a professional cleaning once or twice a year. And if you notice symptoms of gum disease between appointments, don’t wait to seek treatment.

We offer customized treatments to stop periodontal disease and even reverse some of the damage that it causes. From LANAP™ laser dentistry to regenerative therapies, there’s a treatment to preserve your teeth and your smile.

by Arcadia Perio

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Views: 105

Can a Simple Cavity turn into Gum Disease

Cavities happen all the time. They’re an extremely common problem that most everyone faces when they’re a child, teen, or adult. When you sit in the dentist’s chair and find out you have a cavity, it can put a damper on your day. Cavities are often minor inconveniences, and annoying toothaches and tooth sensitivity are often associated with cavities.

Cavities are simply no fun at all. Nonetheless, with quick treatment by your dentist and oral hygiene diligence, cavities don’t have to form into bigger problems. If left untreated, however, cavities can form into much bigger oral complications, such as tooth loss, broken teeth, and gum disease.

Don’t forget, your dentist also performs an oral cancer screening during your dental exam as well!

More on Cavities and Tooth Decay from The Mayo Clinic.

Cavity Formation and Risk Factors

Cavities form because of tooth decay – often due to excess bacteria and plaque in the mouth. Once the tooth begins to decay, a cavity forms over time and creates little holes in teeth. Sometimes, when a cavity forms, you can experience a toothache or sensitivity to hot and cold. Some people may not experience any pain or discomfort from a cavity and that’s why it is so important to see your dentist for regular checkups and cavity checks.  

Bacteria is a destructive force in the mouth. When bacteria are present, they begin breaking down enamel, causing a build-up of plaque and tartar, and irritate the gums. Everything in connected with your oral health and if bacteria begins affecting a tooth and causing a cavity, it could also be causing gum disease.

Gum Disease Causes and Treatment

Cavities are a tell-tale sign of excess bacteria in the mouth. This means that you probably need to up the amp on your oral hygiene routine. Maybe you need to spend more time brushing, add in more flossing, and so on. Talking with your dentist will help you pin-point what you can do to eliminate the risk of cavities and gum disease. When cavities are present and bacteria is left untreated in the mouth, your gums can begin to get inflamed, which is the basis of gum disease.

According to WebMD, gum disease begins with bacteria in the mouth and can lead to tooth loss because of the loss of gum tissue. Gum disease attacks the gums, making them recede and not hold on to your teeth as well as they should. Look for these signs and symptoms:

Bleeding gums

Swollen or sensitive gums

Loose teeth

Pockets between the gums

Receding gums

Bad breath

Catching gum disease early is key to recovery, much like cavities. Proper plaque and bacteria control are key to eliminating gum disease and cavity risk! So, talk with your dentist to see what works best for you, and remember that proper oral healthcare is the best defense against bacteria.

by GPS dental

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Views: 188

The Top Five Dental Emergencies and What to Do

There are different types of dental emergencies, and most of the time, you will need to go to your dentist office as soon as you possibly can.

#1 Knocked-Out Tooth

A knocked out tooth is a dental emergency requiring immediate care. Pick up your tooth by the crown, and make sure not to touch the root. Try to return the tooth to its socket without forcing it in. If you can’t get your tooth back in, place it between your gums and cheek or in some milk. Call us for an emergency appointment and see us right away. Knocked out teeth with the highest chance of being saved are those treated within an hour of being knocked out.

#2 Loose or Partially Dislodged Tooth

If your tooth becomes loose or partially dislodged, we have a good chance of saving it. Try to use light pressure to put the tooth back to its original position. Take some over the counter painkillers if needed, and apply some ice to ease any pain or swelling. Contact us and get to our office as soon as possible.

#3 Severe Toothaches

A toothache could be a symptom of many different dental problems. Start with rinsing your mouth out with some warm water and gently floss to make sure you have nothing wedged between your teeth. If the pain persists, contact us and come in to see us so that we can determine the cause of your pain.

#4 Sudden Swelling of Your Mouth or Face

There are many reasons you could be experiencing swelling, but it can be quite serious. You may have a severely infected or abscessed tooth, which is no joking matter. If left untreated, the infection can spread quickly and be potentially life-threatening. In the event you experience swelling of your mouth or face, schedule an appointment and come in to see us immediately. Don’t wait!

#5 Chipped, Cracked or Fractured Teeth

If you have a chipped tooth which is not painful, contact us for an appointment and until you come in, be careful while chewing so that you do not break it more. A cracked or fractured tooth is more pressing and is considered a dental emergency requiring immediate attention, so make sure to contact us for an emergency appointment right away. Meanwhile, rinse your mouth out with warm water, apply an ice pack, and try to keep any parts of your tooth if possible.

by Joy Dental Pines

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My Tooth Hurts When I Bite Down. What Should I Do?

It is awfully frustrating to have tooth pain when biting or chewing. It is even more frustrating to be unsure of the underlying cause, especially if the dentist cannot pinpoint a diagnosis at first. Unfortunately, pulp tests and x-rays may not provide insightful information, and in such cases, the tooth is likely cracked. In any case, you won't know for sure unless you visit a dentist for an in-depth analysis of your oral health.


Pain stemming from cracked teeth can prove especially severe when biting down. Teeth with sizable amalgam restorations are more likely to crack, as the tooth structure lacks support. Cracks can be caused by anything from chewing on ice to biting on an unpopped popcorn kernel. What matters most is to be proactive. Pain when biting down means it's time to visit a dentist. They will determine if the pain stems from a cracked tooth or something else.


Scheduling an appointment with a dentist as soon as possible is important for people who feel pain when biting or chewing. The dentist will analyze the tooth and surrounding tissues. If the tooth is cracked, the sole means of treatment will likely be casting.

Cracked teeth do not automatically indicate the need for a root canal. A properly fitted temporary crown will suffice if the pulp is involved. A re-evaluation is then performed in subsequent weeks. If the pain dissipates, the dentist will proceed with applying the prosthetic. If pain persists, additional work will be required.

What matters most is acting immediately. People should not delay in hopes that the pain will decrease. Ramping up brushing and flossing will not remedy a cracked tooth. The longer one waits, the worse the situation can get. The consequences will only become that more potentially dire if a dentist's evaluation is delayed.

Tooth pain when biting is often an indication of a larger oral health issue. The trained eye of a dentist is needed to determine if there is something more seriously wrong.


Aside from a crack in your tooth, there is a chance the pain stems from receding gums. In other cases, the tooth enamel has simply worn away. Do not attempt to guess why your tooth hurts as you bite down. Contact your dentist today to perform a thorough analysis so you understand exactly what is causing your oral pain.

by Arden Dental associates

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What Could Happen if You Ignore a Dental Emergency?

Time can slip away from you when life gets so busy. When that happens, it’s easy to skip appointments, like the dentist! But, it’s important to go to the dentist every six months to ensure the best dental health. If you’re ignoring going to the dentist you could also be ignoring a dental emergency.

If you’re ignoring a dental emergency you may be making the problem worse. A dental emergency can include a toothache, a rotting tooth, losing a tooth, chipping a tooth, and everything in between!

Dental Emergencies Not Worth Ignoring

If you’re experiencing a dental emergency, it is important to call your dentist. In severe cases, you might need to take a trip to the emergency room. Dental pain can be a sign of a cavity or deep infection. If either goes untreated, it can spread to the center of the tooth, infecting the pulp and causing the nerves of the tooth to become inflamed. Along with that, you wouldn’t want to ignore the following dental emergencies:

Bleeding from the mouth may not seem like a an emergency but your mouth has lots of bacteria to keep this from happening. If your mouth is bleeding, that’s a red flag. Minor bleeding from the mouth during flossing and brushing is a warning sign of gum disease. If you are bleeding severely through the mouth or non-stop due to a cut, you may need stitches. Cuts may occur from a result of breaking a tooth. If you notice blood in your saliva, this could be something more serious, like advanced gum disease or cancer.

A cracked or loose tooth is a high risk that bacteria can reach the inside of the tooth, called the pulp. If a tooth breaks, the pulp is exposed, and if infection leads to pulp, you can lose your tooth. It can also spread into your mouth and throughout your body the network of blood vessels in the tooth.

We get oral sores often. We usually chalk this up to weather changes or stress. But if they last longer than a week without any relief, it’s time to go see the dentist. Canker sores affect the inner parts of the lips and gums. If the sore is deeper it may take longer to heal, making you more susceptible to infection. See your dentist if the sore is frequently recurring, over the counter medicine does not help with pain, you are experiencing difficulty eating, or it causes swelling or fever.

If there is a bump in your mouth this can be a sign or oral cancer. It is best to go to the dentist immediately so they can classify the bump and provide treatment.

Don’t Wait Until It’s Too Late

Don’t let the issue progress from waiting until it’s too late! If you’re experiencing any of the dental emergencies listed above, please contact to your Dentist for an emergency appointment.

by My Dentist

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Views: 46

Five Signs You Need Dental Braces Again

The best way to know if braces are the right option for you is to have a formal consultation. 

Signs You Need Dental Braces Again

1. Tooth Crowding

This occurs when the teeth overlap each other or start to do so. Crowding causes damage in several ways, including leading to gaps. It can also be a higher risk for the development of gum disease because crowding makes it harder to clean the teeth properly.

2. Overbites

An overbite occurs when the upper row of teeth extends beyond the bottom teeth, creating an uneven smile. Braces can help to properly align the teeth to minimize or eliminate this condition.

3. Underbite

This occurs when the lower jaw and teeth extend further forward than the upper row. This, too, can be corrected by braces, in many cases.

4. Crooked Teeth

Sometimes, the teeth do not have the proper vertical appearance. When this happens, it may cause misalignment of the upper and lower teeth and adds to the risk of gum disease.

5. Challenges to Function

Some people may benefit from braces if they have jaw pain, especially that’s worsening, trouble chewing, or difficulty speaking. Additionally, the presence of gum disease and early tooth decay can also indicate a problem with alignment.

Adult Braces May Correct Many Problems

Often, people think of braces as something children need. That’s not the case. Rather, adult braces are some of the best solutions available today. These options for adult braces allow the adult teeth, even those fully grown and in place, to be moved properly, though slightly, over time. It may take longer to correct these problems than in children, but it can still be very beneficial.

Braces Options – Finding the Right Tool for Your Needs

To correct any of these types of problems, an orthodontist may recommend more than one type of bracing product. It is still possible to purchase metal braces, the type that affixes to the teeth and needs tightening over time. However, many people are choosing dental aligners.

Aligners allow for the movement of teeth with a gentle force. The aligner, which may be clear, is placed into the mouth, over the teeth. As long as it is there, it is working to correct your smile. Over time, aligners can create the desired improvements without as much discomfort or pain as other products.

by Lovett Dental

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Views: 53
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