My BEST Dentists Journal


Oral Hygiene Enhance in Four Simple Steps

Oral hygiene enhance requires the right techniques and approach.

Oral Hygiene Tips 1:

Go for regular dental visits and scaling

The best way to check your current oral hygiene and health is to visit your dentist once every six months. Any issues related to your oral health should be diagnosed professionally and your dentist should suggest the right solutions and treatment. Also, schedule an appointment to get your teeth scaled every six months. This will help remove hidden plaque and clean the areas that you may have missed.

Oral Hygiene Tips 2:

Learn to brush the right way

Large, hard toothbrushes do not help with brushing and may cause damage to the teeth and gums. Use a soft, small headed toothbrush to reach to the last standing tooth at the back. Use a gentle, circular motion to clean your teeth and keep the bristles angled at around 45 degrees towards the gum lines. This will help you clean underneath the gums as well. Your tooth-brushing time should also be more than two minutes.

Oral Hygiene Tips 3:

There’s more to hygiene than just brushing your teeth

Good tooth brushing should remove most of the plaque and food residue but it does not remove it entirely. Use adjunctive cleaning agents such as floss to clean underneath the gum and teeth better. Flossing is recommended after brushing before bed. This is so you can clean the areas that were missed out during brushing. Ask your dentist for advice on the proper flossing techniques. Additionally, you can also ask your dentist to recommend a suitable cleanser for your mouth and teeth.

Oral Hygiene Tips 4:

Use fluoride-infused toothpaste and mouthwash

Fluoride is an important agent to help fight tooth decay, so you should always purchase toothpaste that has this vital ingredient. Mouthwash can be used to help top up fluoride but is not recommended after tooth brushing because it has lower fluoride concentration than the toothpaste. Try using mouthwash in the middle of the day after lunch instead when you may not have the opportunity to brush your teeth.


by GPA Dental Group

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What Really Causes Morning Breath And How To Stop It

Morning breath is a frustrating & embarrassing condition for people that are regularly brushing & flossing but nothing seems to stop it. Learn the causes and how to get rid of it.

What causes morning breath?

Morning breath, an unpleasant odor, is caused by the build-up of bacteria in the mouth during the night and can cause anxiety and social embarrassment. When you sleep, your mouth becomes dry, and this allows bacteria to multiply. Bad breath, also known as halitosis, is a common problem that can be caused by a variety of factors, including poor dental hygiene, cavities, certain foods and drinks, smoking, and medical conditions.

Oral malodor (halitosis) is common, and 8-50% of people perceive that they have persistent, recurrent episodes of oral malodor. Oral malodor typically originates directly from the oral cavity secondary to periodontitis (gum disease), tongue debris, poor oral hygiene, deep caries (cavities), inadequately fitted restorations, or endodontic lesions. In a study that investigated salivary flow, dryness of the oral cavity is considered as one of the causes of oral malodor.

Saliva influences morning breath: Why is saliva production lower at night? How mouth breathing can affect morning breath

Saliva is more than just spit! It plays an essential role in your oral health and influences your morning breath. Saliva is the mouth’s natural cleanser and helps to remove food and bacteria from the teeth and gums to keep your mouth healthy. Saliva contains enzymes that help to break down food, assists in washing away food debris and bacteria, and contains minerals that help to remineralize your teeth to prevent cavities.

The absence of saliva causes an increase in Volatile Sulfur Compounds, VSCs, and the detection of VSCs can aid in the identification of their source. Furthermore, sleeping with your mouth open can cause more dryness in addition to what naturally occurs at night and can influence the severity of morning breath.

Other causes that affect morning breath

Poor oral hygiene

The plaque that occurs naturally can accumulate on your teeth, contributing to morning breath. Wearing dentures at night and inadequate tongue cleaning can also contribute to morning breath. Morning breath is caused by stagnation of saliva and putrefaction of entrapped food particles, an accumulation of bacteria on the tongue recognized clinically as coated tongue, and a decrease in liquid intake. A coated tongue is a grayish-white deposit on the tongue and is one of the main causes of bad breath, which is a socially unacceptable condition. Tongue anatomy can also play a role in the accumulation of bacteria. For example, a fissured tongue (grooves on the top of the tongue) provides the ideal environment for bacteria to grow. According to the American Academy of Oral Medicine, a fissured tongue occurs in about 5% of the U.S. population, and men are affected slightly more commonly than women.

Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the tissue supporting the teeth. If the gum tissue is compromised with the accumulation of pathogenic bacteria (bacteria that cause disease), it could lead to the unwanted side effect of bad breath. Halitosis is a common complaint in the population of patients affected by periodontitis.


Poor oral hygiene and consuming food and sipping drinks high in sugar throughout the day can contribute to the development of cavities.


Smoking is a major cause of bad breath because it dries out the mouth and increases the build-up of bacteria. It also stains the teeth and leaves a lingering smell on the breath.

Food consumption

Certain foods, such as garlic, onions, and spicy foods, can cause bad breath due to their strong odors. Other foods, such as coffee and citrus fruits, can also contribute to bad breath. Prevalence of bad breath is very common in the general population, and nearly more than 50% of the general population has bad breath.


Most halitosis patients seen in an ENT (Ear, Nose & Throat) practice can be localized to the tongue. Volatile sulfur compounds originate mainly from the oral and nasal cavities. Acute or chronic throat infections, postnasal drip, and tonsilloliths (tonsil stones) can contribute to bad breath. Tonsil stones are stones that arise as a result of calcium being deposited in conjunction with bacteria in the crevices of the tonsils.

When your head is full of mucus, either due to allergies or sickness, the mucus provides a food source for the bacteria in your mouth and throat, and this creates an environment for these bacteria to produce odors.

GI disease processes: Diabetes and GERD

Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can cause bad breath due to the build-up of bacteria in the mouth or due to other factors associated with these conditions. A fishy-smelling breath is reflective of kidney problems, while fruity-smelling breath can be a sign of diabetes. Regardless of the oral conditions, a study has reported that GERD-related symptoms were associated with halitosis. People with diabetes have high blood sugar levels that increase glucose levels in saliva. This provides food for bacteria in the mouth and leads to the build-up of dental plaque, contributing to bad breath and gum disease.

How to prevent morning breath?

While there’s no complete way to eliminate morning breath, there are a few things you can do to lessen the severity, such as brushing your teeth, utilizing a tongue cleaner, using mouthwash, chewing sugar-free gum, taking probiotics, and avoiding tobacco and sugary foods before bed. Antibacterial mouth rinsing agents act on halitosis-producing bacteria. However, mouthwashes may only provide temporary relief, and if they contain alcohol, it can influence the severity of morning breath.

Reducing plaque buildup on the teeth and tongue will help in reducing your risk of developing cavities and morning breath. Tongue scrapers are shaped according to the anatomy of the tongue and reduce 75% of the VSCs compared to only 45% using a toothbrush. Sugar-free chewing gum could be considered a therapeutic alternative to decrease or neutralize the amount of VSCs present in oral breath. Morning breath can be easily treated once you know the source and the continuity of seeing your dental healthcare professional on a regular basis based on your needs.

by Lacy Walker

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Fun Facts About Teeth and Dental Care You Might Not Know

You already know your teeth are designed to help you chew and eat, and they are probably one of the first things you notice about a person when you meet. But there’s more to your teeth than you might think. Here are a few fun facts about those pearly whites.

Most of Your Tooth Surface is Hidden

You can only see about one-third of your tooth above the line of your gums. The rest is hidden below your gums and stretches into your jawbone, where it anchors the tooth. That keeps your teeth strong so you can use them to chew everything from fruits and veggies like apples or carrots to tough meats and proteins that are all part of a healthy, balanced diet.

Teeth are Extremely Strong

Enamel, the outer covering around your tooth that looks white, is actually the hardest substance in your body. Dental enamel is made up of phosphate and calcium—the same as your bones—but it also includes proteins that harden it even more. It makes sense that it’s extremely strong, since your second set of teeth (the ones that grow in after your “baby teeth” fall out) are the only teeth you get, and they have to last the rest of your life. There’s also a second hard layer under the enamel called dentin. It’s filled with small tunnels that bring nutrients and send nerve signals to every part of the tooth. Even with all this protection, teeth can still chip or decay over time without proper care.

We Have Four Types of Teeth

Humans eat a diet of both meat and vegetables (omnivores), and because of that, our mouths have evolved to include four different types of teeth:




Canine teeth

Some teeth are helpful for chewing or grinding food, others for cutting or mashing up foods, and still others for tearing apart foods that are tough (like meat).

Teeth are Unique like a Fingerprint

The shape and size of your teeth, as well as your “bite” (the way your teeth come together) are unique to you. Those unique features in someone’s mouth can help identify them if other methods of identification—like a fingerprint or a visual identification—can’t be done.

Your Mouth is Filled with Saliva, and Bacteria

Over the course of your life you will produce more than 10,000 gallons of saliva. It’s helps wash away small food particles and neutralize acids, both of which prevent tooth decay and infections. Your mouth also has a lot of bacteria—as many as 300 different types—that feed on sugars. It’s important to brush your teeth and see a dentist regularly to remove these bacteria before they harden into a sticky substance called plaque and lead to tooth decay.

by Young Family Dental

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Eleven Things You Never Knew About Your Teeth Health

Did you know that gum disease increases your stroke risk and that yellow teeth are not unhealthy?

So what do you need to know about your teeth and why you should look after them? Dentist David Murnaghan has 11 fascinating and shocking facts about teeth.

1.- Gum disease is the most common, but among the least acknowledged health problems in Europe - eight out of 10 people aged 35 and over have it. Painful chewing, loose teeth and gums that pull away are signs of severe gum disease, known as periodontitis.

The European Federation of Periodontology says this condition is "significantly and independently associated with the major chronic inflammatory diseases of ageing" including type 2 diabetes, chronic kidney disease, obesity and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

It's also been linked to premature birth and low-birth-weight babies. It's thought that in some women oral bacteria not only enter the bloodstream, they also alert the immune system to send "deliver baby now" signals to the uterus.

2.- Gum disease might shorten your odds of stroke and heart disease, Ireland's biggest killers. Bacteria can enter the bloodstream through your gums and join fatty plaques in blood vessels, and inflamed blood vessels can restrict blood flow to your heart and raise blood pressure.

3.-  Gum disease might cause hip and knee replacements to fail. DNA from the plaque of patients with gum disease was found in their creaking artificial joints and could be the reason why replacements fail when no local infection is found.

4.-  You have to look after your children's teeth. If you're not sure about what to do your dentist will tell you, and they can also provide safe and painless fissure sealants on your child's back teeth to prevent decay. These plastic coatings stop food and bacteria getting into the tiny grooves in the chewing surfaces. About half of children in Ireland have decay by age five and every year about 10,000 go under general anaesthetic for extractions, with an average age of six - the most traumatic and expensive outcome imaginable.

5.- Sparkling water is the lesser of many evils. Acid erodes tooth enamel, but it also gives carbonated water that nice tart taste. It's a minimal amount of acidity: the pH of still water is 7, sparkling water 4, orange juice 3.5 and Coke 2.5. Battery acid is 1. As a child you probably put a dirty penny in a glass of Coke overnight and wondered at how it emerged shiny and new. That was carbonation combined with acid at work, which dissolves metal oxides and teeth.

6.- If you suffer from terrible headaches and can't find the cause, it might be TMD. Temporomandibular disorder is a jaw condition that dentists see a lot of and we are trying to get the word out to more GPs. It is usually caused by grinding your teeth, a common response to stress which we usually do unwittingly, especially during sleep. Check your canines and see if they are flat at the ends. If they are you have been grinding. There are simple ways to stop. A novel new treatment is called Cerezen, which you put in your ears. Every time you clench your teeth it feels uncomfortable so you release, which eventually becomes second nature.

7.- All restorative dental work, where a damaged tooth is built up to look like new, harms it further. This is especially the case with popular Hollywood-style veneers. Veneers are a bit like getting your nails done in the sense that you have to make room for them by clipping the natural nail back. It's the same with teeth: your dentist must shave back the natural tooth enamel to make room for the veneers. They are wafer thin so it's just a sliver, but nevertheless this is natural enamel you will never get back.

8.- No matter how good your dentist is, crowns and veneers don't last a lifetime, in fact the average lifespan of a crown is 10 to 15 years. Which means you will need to go through the whole inconvenience and expense again a bit further down the line. This is why dentists go on about good oral hygiene, because keeping your own teeth for life really is the best possible outcome for your health and wallet.

9.- Your dentist is a good bet for non-surgical facial aesthetics like Botox and dermal fillers. Why? Dentists carry out facial injections all the time. When someone does injections a lot they get smoother and faster and they learn how to make the patient more comfortable. Dentists are students of facial anatomy and have a knack for enhancing rather than changing your facial features. They are generally risk averse by nature too - you'd be hard pressed to find one prepared to accede to your sudden whim for a trout pout.

10.- Yellow teeth aren't unhealthy. In fact I've known patients who have regretted going for whiter than white veneers or crowns and unless you are comfortable with drawing stares you too might feel awkward. I usually advise patients to go one or two shades down from the picture in the magazine they've brought in. Teeth yellow with age, it's not a sign of disease. If the artificial teeth in your mouth are extremely white you will have to keep whitening your natural teeth for balance. Having said that, going a few shades lighter with veneers and crowns can look great when done sensitively.

11.- Dentistry doesn't always go to plan, so if you are thinking about going abroad to save money on big ticket dental work like implants, factor in the cost of travelling there again in case something goes wrong. If you have been focusing on price alone you might consider that a dentist local to you knows they must sort out any problems, so they will have your best interests at heart. They won't start treatment until your mouth is ready, whereas there might be pressure on dentists abroad to go ahead prematurely because it takes too long to treat gum disease, and they might try to squeeze too much treatment into a short time frame. The Irish Dental Association says 6,000 patients a year return to Irish dentists with problems from overseas dental care.

by Independent

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Dysphagia Treatment To Ease Swallowing

It's quite normal to get a lump in your throat from time to time, making it difficult to swallow. However, when this is an ongoing issue, the problem can affect other areas of your life. Dysphagia, or difficulty swallowing, can develop for a number of reasons. It's more common in older people and usually occurs when the throat muscles are weak, notes the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communications Disorders. Several dysphagia treatment options are available, depending on the cause and severity of the condition.

Causes of Dysphagia

Medical issues that can lead to dysphagia include a stroke, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), tumors and diabetes. In some cases, dental problems, such as dentures that don't fit properly or severe cavities, can cause swallowing problems. A person may also develop a swallowing problem as a result of treatment for another condition, for example during chemotherapy treatment.

Swallowing Stages

The ideal treatment of dysphagia depends in part on the cause of the swallowing issue and the stage at which it occurs. As indicated by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), there are three stages in the swallowing process during which problems can arise:

The first stage is the oral phase, which involves the act of chewing and sucking on food.

The second stage is the pharyngeal phase, which involves the act of starting to push food down the throat, closing the trachea to keep food from getting into the airway.

And the final stage is the esophageal phase, during which food is pushed from the esophagus to the stomach.

Dysphagia Treatment Options

If you are suffering from dysphagia, visit your doctor or dentist to discuss solutions. Treatment options for this disorder often take either a compensatory approach or a rehabilitative approach, as noted by the ASHA. Compensatory treatment approaches don't solve the swallowing problem, but they can teach you to cope with it. Treatments can include turning your head a certain way to help food travel down the esophagus more easily, or changing the consistency of the food you eat to help you swallow it with ease.

Rehabilitative approaches to dysphagia treatment aim to improve your swallowing ability, leading to a lasting improvement. Treatment can include exercises that build muscle strength in the face and esophagus, or learning a swallowing technique that ensures the airway is blocked off, preventing food from travelling down the trachea into the lungs. One technique, known as the supraglottic swallow, involves holding your breath before swallowing, to close off the airway, as instructed by The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center.

Medical and Surgical Treatments

Rehabilitation therapy may be all some patients need to successfully treat their swallowing issues. However, in cases where the problem is linked to an ongoing medical issue, such as GERD, or to a problem with the shape and size of the esophagus, medical or surgical treatment may be necessary. Medical treatment can include taking antacids or other medications to control GERD symptoms. If dysphagia is connected to salivary control problems or to thickened saliva, medications may be prescribed to manage saliva.

A surgical procedure called myotomy may be required if the swallowing issue is due to a narrow esophagus or to a tight muscle in the esophagus. During surgery, the muscles of the lower esophageal sphincter are cut, allowing food to travel more easily from the esophagus to the stomach, explains Memorial Hermann.

Dental Care and Dysphagia

Swallowing problems can sometimes be related to dental issues. The oral phase of swallowing depends on the number of teeth you have and how healthy those teeth are, concludes a review published in Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports. Although taking good care of your teeth won't directly relieve dysphagia, good oral care is a crucial part of preventing and minimising swallowing issues. Brushing at least twice a day helps prevent cavities, plaque and tartar build-up.

Often, treatment for dysphagia involves an entire team of medical professionals: a dentist, speech therapist, general practitioner, and a surgeon specialising in ear, nose and throat procedures. Working together, your medical team can help determine the best action plan to help ease any swallowing issues.

by Colgate

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How To Find Relief for Abscessed Teeth


If you’re experiencing tooth pain from an abscess, you may be wondering: Is there any tooth abscess home remedy that works? Are home remedies for tooth problems safe? In short, this is not a problem you can solve on your own, but you can take steps to reduce your discomfort while waiting for treatment from the pros. Read on for some vital information on this condition.

What Are Dental Abscesses?

If you’re experiencing a concerning amount of pain or discomfort in your mouth, it may be caused by a condition known as a dental abscess. An abscess is a hole or dent created by germs that can occur in your tooth (periapical abscess) or gums (periodontal abscess).

Your abscess may be caused by:

Not following a good oral care routine

Traumatic injury to your face or mouth

Dental work that has been damaged or broken.

Symptoms of a dental abscess may include:

Continuous pain coming from your mouth, jaw, neck, or ear

Swelling around the affected areas

Sensitivity to touch, pressure, or temperature

Unpleasant taste in your mouth due to the abscess draining


When Should I See a Professional?

If you’re wondering how to get rid of a tooth abscess without going to the dentist, the simple answer is that you can’t. Your dental health has reached the point where you need professional intervention and treatment, or it will continue to worsen. Luckily, this is a great opportunity to talk with your dental professional, and they’re specially trained to help you solve the problem and understand what has caused it.

We recommend booking an appointment with your dental professional immediately. In the meantime, we have some helpful tips for finding relief at home while you’re waiting for your appointment.

Helpful tip: The Mayo Clinic recommends visiting the emergency room if you experience swelling and fever or have trouble breathing or swallowing.

Finding Relief

It’s important to remember that home remedies for your abscessed tooth will not treat your abscess or address its underlying cause. Your abscess will not get better without treatment from a professional, and will likely worsen. However, there are options available that may help temporarily reduce your discomfort in the meantime, which can still offer tremendous relief.

While you wait for professional treatment, there are many options that can help provide relief for your discomfort from a dental abscess:

Over-the-Counter Medication

Medications can help to reduce your pain or swelling. If you decide to go this route, be sure to use these medications as instructed on the packaging. This may be effective in helping to reduce your discomfort, but don't let it prevent you from scheduling an appointment with your dental professional.

Cold Compress

You can use a store-bought icepack or make your own at home by freezing a washcloth or using a bag of ice or frozen veggies. Apply it to the affected area on the outside of your cheek for 10 minutes once an hour.

Antiseptic Mouthrinses

You can try three types of rinses to find relief.

For a salt-water rinse, stir a few teaspoons of salt into warm (but not hot) water until it dissolves.

Another option is to mix 3% hydrogen peroxide with water in a one-to-one ratio.

If you're not the DIY type, you can purchase an over-the-counter antiseptic mouthrinse at your local pharmacy, grocery or convenience store.

Swish whatever mixture you choose around your mouth, or rinse with it after meals and spit it into the sink. Note that while this is a great habit in the early stages, it will not cure your abscess.

Helpful tip: While some dental conditions (such as gum problems) are reversible on your own with the help of proper dental care, dental abscesses will not heal on their own or through any methods you try at home. They require treatment and diagnosis from your dental professional and can lead to more serious conditions if left untreated.

Dental Abscess Treatment and Prevention

Please take comfort in the fact that while abscesses are unpleasant to deal with, they’re a regular occurrence at your dental office. Your dental professional is specially trained and equipped to diagnose the underlying cause of your abscess, provide appropriate treatment, and offer tips to prevent it from occurring again in the future.

Treatment for a dental abscess may include:

Prescribed antibiotics (be sure to take these as instructed and only at the recommendation of your dental or medical professional)

Professional removal of affected tissue, draining of the abscess, and cleaning affected areas of your mouth

Root canal treatment if the abscess has entered the soft inside of your tooth.

To prevent future abscesses and avoid worsening the issues that led to your condition, it would be helpful to ensure you are practising a good and healthy dental routine.

Steps to maintain your oral health may include:

Gently brushing your teeth for two minutes twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush

Cleaning between your teeth once a day using floss, a flossing device, or an interdental brush

Consuming a balanced diet that limits overly sugary or acidic foods and beverages

Avoiding smoking and tobacco products

Visiting your dental professional regularly.

Dealing with an abscess can be difficult, but you can see this as a challenge to improve your dental routine and avoid further problems in the future. You’ve made a great choice to inform yourself on what dental abscesses are, why you need professional treatment, and what you can do to find temporary relief in the meantime.

by Colgate

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Views: 18

Tips for Healthier Brushing

If you have spent any time at all in the dentist’s office, chances are that you have heard time and again about the importance of brushing your teeth. However, some of the most common dental issues that many patients experience could be prevented or resolved through proper, regular tooth brushing techniques.

Your mouth contains a balance of both good and bad bacteria. When harmful oral bacteria are permitted to accumulate and remain in your mouth they contribute to undesirable oral health issues such as bad breath, gum disease and tooth decay. Effective tooth brushing techniques, followed by effective flossing techniques, can greatly reduce harmful oral bacteria at worst and completely eliminate these bacteria at best. The result is a healthier mouth that is less likely to suffer from bad breath, gum disease, tooth decay and other issues.

Healthy Brushing

While it may seem a fairly simple concept to run a toothbrush across your teeth in order to remove leftover food particles and harmful oral bacteria that attempt to linger there, an incorrect understanding of how brushing works best to improve your oral health may lead you to make mistakes that adversely affect your oral health. Following are three tips for healthier brushing:

Brush at least twice a day, for about two minutes each time. It is important to brush your teeth every morning, just after you awake, in order to rid your teeth, gums and mouth of the harmful oral bacteria that can accumulate there during the night. It is also important to brush your teeth at night, before bed, for the same reason. In some cases, especially after meals that cause food to become stuck in between your teeth, you should brush your teeth more than twice a day in order to remove these food particles. Each time you brush, spend around two minutes gently brushing all surfaces of all teeth in order to achieve the best results.

Use the right toothbrush and the right pressure. It may seem logical to use a hard-bristled toothbrush and intense pressure to thoroughly clean your teeth, but this abrasive approach can actually harm your teeth by stripping off the protective tooth enamel that covers them. Instead, you should use a soft-bristled toothbrush and gentle pressure in circular, massage-like strokes from your gum line down to the end of each tooth. The American Dental Association recommends replacing your toothbrush every three to four months, or as soon as you notice the bristles beginning to fray.

Use a fluoride toothpaste. You may not know that your saliva actually contains harmful-oral-bacteria-fighting properties and therefore helps maintain healthier teeth and gums. This is just one more reason why it is so important to stay properly hydrated. However, as wonderful and miraculous as saliva is, it cannot do the job on its own. This is where fluoride comes in. Fluoride is a naturally-occurring mineral that can fight the bacteria-ridden plaque and sugars that seek to attack our teeth. Using an American Dental Association approved fluoride toothpaste can go a long way in helping to protect and maintain your oral health.

Properly brushing your teeth, and achieving all the benefits available, does require that one understand the balance between removing foreign particles from the teeth and preserving the natural, protective layers on the teeth. Even if you brush and floss properly and regularly, it is important to visit your dentist twice a year for professional examinations and cleanings. Your dentist is trained to use special tools and techniques you don’t possess at home in order to ensure a deeper, more thorough cleaning. She can also help to detect minor issues so that you can address and resolve them before they become major problems.

by Avenue Dental Arte

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How to Make Brushing More Fun

BRUSHING YOUR TEETH twice a day for two minutes is an important practice that helps keep your smile bright and healthy. But, does it have to be boring? We certainly don’t think so!

Brush For A Full Two Minutes

Using proper brushing technique for at least two minutes is necessary to ensure that all tooth surfaces are properly cleaned.

Sometimes we may be tempted to speed through our morning routine and brush a bit more vigorously to make up the difference. Brushing too aggressively, however, can lead to gum recession, tooth decay, or more serious oral health concerns. So, how do we make brushing for the full two minutes more fun?

Fun Tips To Make The Time Fly By

Brush to the beat! Brushing your teeth to your favorite song can help those two minutes fly by.

Use an app. The Oral-B™ brushing app, for example, times your brushing for you while letting you scroll through the news.

Exercise. (Yes, exercise!) Some people choose to stretch, do calf raises or even squats while they brush.

Read, watch television or stream videos. Taking your mind off of watching the clock helps brushing go by more quickly.

What About The Kids?

Making brushing fun for you is one thing, for kids it can be even harder. So, what can we do as parents to help our kids enjoy those two minutes of brushing in their morning and nightly routine?

Participation. Having your kids push the button on the timer or put the toothpaste on the toothbrush are small gestures that make it more fun for them.

Make it a game! Help your kids use their imagination while brushing.

Offer a reward. For example, give your child points every time they brush. When they reach a certain amount of points, they can earn a special prize!

Brush with them! Kids love following the example of their parents and if they see you doing it, they will likely want to do it themselves.

We Love Helping You Care For Your Smile

In the end, it’s all about doing something you enjoy while brushing. Whether it’s reading the news, watching your favorite TV show, or listening to music, brushing those teeth can be quick, beneficial and fun!

If you have any questions about ways to make your oral health routine more enjoyable, feel free to ask! We are committed to providing you with all the tools you need to enjoy a lifetime of happy and healthy smiles.

by Britt Dental

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What Causes a Black Spot on Your Gums?

First, we recommend taking a moment to breathe and relax. According to the Oral Cancer Foundation, dark spots rarely indicate a serious condition like cancer and are usually benign. Spots in the mouth are often not fully black but may appear that way as they can be hard to see. We’re here to help walk you through the causes of dark spots in your mouth and what they mean.

Causes of Dark Spots on Gums

Oral conditions like dark spots on your gums have various causes and can be challenging to diagnose. These spots can either be harmless or the result of an underlying disease, so it's essential to speak to your doctor if you believe you have any symptoms.

What exactly causes black spots on your gums? There are two categories of answers: those with internal causes and those with external causes.

Did you know: Internal causes are called endogenous and external causes are called exogenous.

Internal Causes

Internal pigments that cause skin colour changes can also modify your gums' colour to black, grey, blue, or brown. Blood vessels can even dysfunction or rupture, leading to discolouration.

Melanin can be altered by a variety of diseases and disorders that affect the production of this pigment. Cells in your body that produce melanin are called melanocytes.

Tuberculosis and Addison's disease can affect your adrenal glands and cause changes in pigmentation.

HIV, also called the human immunodeficiency virus, can lead to pigmented lesions in the mouth.

According to a research article published in the Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology, haemangiomas are most common soft tissue benign tumours, composed of blood vessels, and occur in the head and neck region (60%) and less commonly in the oral cavity; oral cavity if affected involves gingiva followed by the lips, tongue and palate.

External Causes

Exposure of your mouth to pigment produced outside the body can lead to discolouration in the form of dark or spots on the gums. Sources outside the body can also affect your body's production or regulation of pigment or iron, leading to a change in colour. These black dots can be caused by:

Drugs (prescription, over-the-counter and illegal)

Smoking and tobacco products

Trauma to the face or mouth

Heavy metals

Injury from graphite pencil

An old filling (also known as a dental amalgam)pushing into the gums

Oral Cancer

In rare cases, benign lesions that don't require treatment may transform into oral malignant melanoma, a type of oral cancer. A doctor will look at a range of factors to see if the lesion qualifies as melanoma. According to a research article published in the Journal of Indian Academy of Oral Medicine and Radiology, melanoma constitutes only 3–5% of all cutaneous malignancies, and oral melanoma is an aggressive neoplasm which accounts for less than 0.5%.

If you believe you have oral cancer symptoms, we recommend leaving the diagnosis up to the professionals and speaking to your doctor. If you exhibit symptoms, they may perform a biopsy (laboratory tests of your tissue) to confirm melanoma.

Remember that cancer is a rare cause of any dark spots in your mouth. A more benign explanation is much more likely, so don't stress. You've done a great job informing yourself of the possible causes, so be sure to make the next step for success and schedule an appointment or regular check-ups with your doctor.

by Colgate

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Views: 19

Easy and Cheap Teeth Whitening Tips

With teeth whitening now more popular than ever, it’s great to know there are some excellent (and cheap) teeth whitening options available. Here’s how you can achieve a whiter smile in three easy ways.

Watch what you eat

Dark foods and drinks, such as berries, red wine and coffee are the most common culprits for staining your teeth, as are foods with vibrant colours such as curry. Avoiding these items when you’re trying to whiten your teeth can help, but sometimes this isn’t practical. In times like this, enjoy your treat, then give your mouth a quick rinse with water straight after. Rinsing will minimise the amount of contact your food or drink has with your enamel.

Take care of your teeth

Regular dental visits and a good at-home oral care routine can also help keep your teeth feeling fresher and whiter. Brushing twice a day removes plaque before it has a chance to harden into harmful tartar. Plus, it also helps remove any discolouration or stains before they set in.

Try using a toothpaste made with added whitening ingredients – this is a great way to keep up with your brushing routine while also helping to whiten your teeth. For the most efficient way to a whiter smile with toothpaste, look for one that contains hydrogen peroxide, a common and effective bleaching ingredient that’s used during professional teeth whitening treatments.

Try at-home whitening products

At-home whitening products recommended by your dental professional can produce significant results, whitening your teeth by at least a couple of shades in the privacy of your home. Although not as strong as in-chair whitening, dentist-prescribed home whitening trays are convenient, popular and cost-effective. So if you’re using a whitening toothpaste but would like to see your teeth a couple of shades lighter, speak to your dental professional to see if whitening trays would be suitable for you.

At-home treatments and smart dental care can make a noticeable difference by helping to brighten your smile by a few shades. Before you commence though, always check with your dental professional to see if they think your home teeth whitening plans are appropriate.

by Colgate

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Tips on Choosing Oral Hygiene Products

There are a lot of oral hygiene products on the market, and it can be hard to know which ones to choose for you and your family's specific needs. Just looking at the oral hygiene section in the drugstore can be overwhelming—just for the sheer number of products available without even getting into what uses they have. Read on for some tips on choosing the best toothbrushes, toothpastes, mouthwashes and flosses for you! 

Toothbrushes. The easiest way to find a toothbrush that is safe and effective is to look for the seal of the American Dental Association. Once you've found that seal, what remains is personal preference. The ADA recommends you choose a toothbrush that you will find easy to use twice a day to remove food and plaque from your teeth. Looking for a toothbrush in you or your child's favorite color is a great place to start. Then consider head shape and bristle firmness. If you suffer from gingivitis, a soft-bristled toothbrush is best because it will be less irritating to your gums. The ADA endorses both manual and powered toothbrushes. You may like to consider a powered toothbrush for your child. They might have more fun brushing with a powered toothbrush, which can make it easier to convince them to brush twice a day as the ADA recommends. Whatever type of toothbrush you choose, be sure to replace it every 3-4 months, or whenever the bristles start to look worn. 

Toothpaste. Another important part of an oral hygiene routine is toothpaste. You should also look for the ADA seal when choosing a toothpaste. There are many options for toothpaste available and you should choose one depending on your personal needs. It doesn't matter what brand you choose as long as it has the ADA seal. Whitening toothpastes are popular and use a mild abrasive like baking soda to remove stains on the surface of your teeth. Some also contain hydrogen peroxide to gently bleach your teeth. If you have sensitive teeth, gingivitis or other oral issues, try a toothpaste made especially for your condition. For small children who might still swallow the toothpaste, a toothpaste without added fluoride is the best way to go. Toothpastes with only natural ingredients are available for people who prefer to avoid chemicals. The most popular toothpaste flavor is mint, but there are also berry, cinnamon, citrus and herbal flavored toothpastes available. 

Mouthwash. When considering a mouthwash, it should come as no surprise that the ADA seal is the first thing you should look for. Like toothpastes, there are many kinds of mouthwashes that are tailored to different oral needs. The purpose of a mouthwash is to decrease bacteria in the mouth after brushing. Bacteria eating the stuff left on your teeth is what causes cavities, so if you don't currently use mouthwash in your oral care routine, it may be time to add it! Most mouthwashes use alcohol to kill off germs. Some may use other germ-killing ingredients. If you have children, there are alcohol-free mouthwashes made especially for kids in many different flavors and bottle designs. 

Dental floss. Dental floss helps to remove bits of food and plaque from between your teeth, and is an important part of an oral care routine. Most people are familiar with the box of waxed, minty floss that you wrap around your fingers and slide between your teeth. However, there are also floss picks which you might find easier to use. You simply hold the plastic part of the pick in your fingers and slide the floss end between your teeth. 

No matter what products you choose to use in your oral health routine, if you remember these tips for a clean, healthy mouth: 

Look for the ADA seal of approval

Choose products you like and will want to use

Brush and rinse twice a day and floss at least once a day

You will be on your way to great oral health in no time between these tips and regular oral health evaluations! 

by Solstice

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Reasons Your Teeth Could Be Aching

Toothaches are typically caused by tooth decay that has been neglected to the point that it causes considerable physical pain. But there are other reasons for tooth pain. Anything from excessive teeth grinding or clenching to gum disease, infection, trauma or an erupting tooth can cause a toothache.

Here is a closer look at the different reasons why teeth ache.

Damage to the tooth

A tooth that has suffered physical trauma is likely to hurt. If the trauma is from a powerful force like a hockey puck, racquetball racket, baseball, football or something similar, the pain will be substantial. But even something as simple as a damaged or broken filling, dental implant or crown can also cause tooth pain.

Gum disease

Teeth might ache as a result of gum disease. Swollen and red gums are symptoms of gum disease and will amplify tooth pain. It is also possible that teeth can hurt from gingivitis, which allows plaque to accumulate to the point that it impacts the gums. If gingivitis is neglected, it will lead to periodontitis, which causes the inner portion of the gums to recede from the teeth, creating pockets that allow for food particles and bacteria to gather.

Sinus pain infection

Even sinus infections can spur pain in the teeth and other portions of the mouth. If pressure from sinuses filled with fluid causes pain along the upper rear portions of your mouth, there will also be significant pain in your teeth. A dental visit is required for advice regarding the use of decongestants and/or additional medications to minimize pain.

Tooth decay

Tooth decay is one of the leading causes of oral pain. There are different levels of severity. Cavities will form holes within teeth, through the enamel and into the sensitive dentin beneath. Cavities that reach this level of decay will cause noticeable pain. If the tooth's nerve and pulp are infected, an abscess can form and spur even more serious tooth aching.

Additional causes of toothaches

Anything from tension along the facial muscles to TMJ (Temporomandibular Joint Disorder), an ear infection or a sinus infection can cause tooth pain. In many instances, such health issues occur in unison with a headache. If there is an indication that your toothache is due to a medical illness, your dentist might refer you to a doctor. Yet, there still could be myriad additional reasons for your toothache. Do not hesitate to visit with your dentist to get to the bottom of this mystery and find out what is really causing your tooth pain.

by Pacific Horizont Dental Care

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Things Your Mouth may be Telling You

Conversations come easy to you and you are always the first one to give your opinion on any subject. You believe in free speech and engage regularly in social situations. Simply put, you love to talk but have you ever listened to what your mouth may be saying to you? Voicing your feelings happens regularly so what about those other feelings your mouth is trying to tell you? Here are some signs your oral cavity is telling you to get a health check.

Blood from Your Gums

When you brush and floss your teeth regularly you think that you will have perfect dental health. Not so. If you experience bleeding during your regular dental routine, you should visit your dentist to have it checked out. Bleeding gums can be the precursor to periodontal disease. Maybe your brushing is not doing the trick to get rid of all the bad bacteria lurking between your teeth. Your dentist will be able to give you a professional cleaning and investigate the source of the blood to rule out the beginning of gum disease.

Also, check-

Foul Smelling Breath

Ewwwww, what is that smell? Have you ever noticed that people back away from you during a close conversation? Maybe it is because you have bad breath. The cause of your bad breath may just be that garlic bread you ate for lunch but if you continuously experience this problem you need to investigate why. Halitosis affects people all over the world and through most often it is just an odour issue it could be a sign of something more serious like diabetes or kidney disease, even lingering bacteria due to bronchitis. Have your dentist give you a full exam and consult with a physician to determine the cause.

Swollen Puffy Gums

Swelling is never a good sign no matter where it is coming from. If you are experiencing swollen gums periodically or regularly you need to get to a dentist. Inflamed gum tissue is a sign of gum disease. If you have it, check it out at your next dentist appointment your dentist will be able to determine if you are developing something more serious like periodontal disease or an abscessed tooth. Swelling inside your mouth may also indicate you have high blood pressure. Check with your physician to see if you have hypertension.

Jaw Pain

Having pain in your jaw is uncomfortable and can be due to a variety of issues. You could possibly have TMJ, a disorder with the joints in your facial structure. TMJ can affect the way you chew, the way you sleep and can lead to excruciating pain if left untreated. Having pain in your jaw may also be an early sign of a heart attack. Visit your dentist to get treated for any issue associated with the clicking sound that is usually a tell-tale of this issue.

Listen to what your oral cavity is telling you. Even if you are always the first one to speak up, it’s time you let your mouth say something about your health without uttering a word.

by franklin dental Care

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What Causes a Gray Tongue?

You're used to a healthy pink tongue, only noticing it when you brush your teeth or inspect your smile in the mirror from time to time. It's probably not the part of your oral cavity you think about most, as you're more concerned with cleaning your teeth to prevent cavities. So when you notice your tongue has a strange discolorment, such as a grayish tint, you probably have some concerns.

Some common questions that may first come to mind probably include why is my tongue gray? What causes a gray tongue? And should I worry? Let's go over the common causes of a grayish colored tongue, your risk factors, and treatments for each condition.


Leukoplakia is an oral condition that can cause white or grayish patches to appear inside your mouth. These patches can sometimes appear on the tongue, though they're often found on the cheeks or gums. It's not usually painful and may go unnoticed for a while if you don't keep up with your regular dental appointments. A sign that you have leukoplakia is that you can't gently scrape off these white or grayish patches on your own.

If you're a heavy smoker, chew tobacco, or consume alcohol in excessive amounts, you're more at risk for this condition. While leukoplakia usually isn't dangerous, it's not something you should ignore. It can be a precancerous condition, which means there's a chance that it could develop into oral cancer if left untreated.

Oral Lichen Planus

Lichen planus is an inflammatory disease that can affect different parts of your body and appear as reddish-purple rashes or bumps. When it forms inside your mouth, it can result in oral lesions that look gray and lacy, according to the Mayo Clinic. These patches that develop inside your mouth aren't itchy or painful, though some people develop ulcers, tender sores, or a burning sensation because of the oral lichen planus patches.

In most cases, you won't be able to determine the cause of oral lichen planus. But it usually occurs when your body has an abnormal immune response to something. In conjunction with a weakened immune system, oral lichen planus has a few primary triggers:

Hepatitis C

Flu vaccine

Some metals and chemicals (like an amalgam filling used in dental work)

Certain pain relievers, such as ibuprofen and medications for arthritis, heart disease, diabetes, or high blood pressure

Oral lichen planus isn't generally harmful. The Journal of Oral Pathology and Medicine reports that only one percent of cases are associated with oral cancer.

Oral Thrush

Oral thrush is an infection that's caused by the Candida fungus, also known as yeast. This fungus is naturally present in our mouths but can sometimes become overgrown, most usually in babies or older adults who have developing or weakened immune systems. Oral thrush appears as white, cottage cheese-like patches inside the mouth, including on the tongue. These patches aren't easily removed, and if you remove a patch, you will most likely find the area underneath as red and bleeding. Like leukoplakia, we do not recommend you attempt to remove oral thrush on your own.

There are many possible causes of this opportunistic oral infection, and it spreads more easily in people with a weakened or suppressed immune system, like people with diabetes or cancer. It may also develop after an antibiotic treatment since antibiotics can kill off the mouth bacteria that usually keep yeast in balance.

Poor Oral Hygiene

Sometimes something as simple as a poor oral care routine can cause a white or gray coating on your tongue. The Mayo Clinic explains that the small projections on your tongue, known as papillae, can become inflamed on the tongue's surface due to poor oral hygiene. Bacteria and dead cells get trapped in these inflamed projections and give the tongue a white coating appearance. This coating isn't just a cosmetic issue. A coated tongue caused by inadequate oral hygiene often goes hand in hand with bad breath. So that's one more reason to keep up with a rigorous at-home oral care routine!

Treatments for a Gray Tongue

If you notice your tongue has turned gray, make an appointment to see your dental professional. Your dentist and dental hygienist can examine your tongue and determine the cause of its discoloration. Your prescribed treatment, and its length, will all depend on your diagnosis. Let's go over each:

In cases where leukoplakia is responsible, surveillance is the primary treatment. This means that your dental professional will want to keep an eye on it to make sure it does not progress into cancer. It's also recommended to quit lifestyle habits that make you more susceptible to leukoplakia. So if there's ever been a time to quit smoking, chewing tobacco, or drinking an excessive amount of alcohol, it's now.

You can also treat oral lichen planus with surveillance, and the condition can go away on its own. If the lesions are uncomfortable or painful, some treatments, such as corticosteroid mouthwashes and gels, can provide symptom relief.

When oral thrush is the cause of your grayish tongue, antifungal medications are the best course of action. You may get a prescription for antifungal mouthrinses or lozenges for a mild case. If your case is more severe, a prescription for an oral antifungal medication should do the trick.

If you've been forgetting to brush or floss as often as you should, try to get back in the habit of brushing twice per day and cleaning between your teeth with floss, a water flosser, or another interdental cleaning tool once per day. Follow up your oral care routine with a mouthwash to rinse away any remaining bacteria. When you brush your teeth, remember to use a soft-bristled brush and take the time to gently clean your tongue, too.

A gray coating on your tongue can be alarming at first, so it's normal to feel an initial shock of panic! We understand this reaction. But remember that most causes of tongue discoloration are relatively harmless, especially if treated right away. Your main priority should be to see a dental professional for diagnosis, who will discuss with you a planned course of treatment if needed.

It's important to be gentle when flossing. We do not recommend scraping at oral lesions or brushing them too hard, as some will need medication for removal. If you're worried about your tongue, see your dental professional as soon as possible, as they will help put your mind at ease and get you back on track to feeling confident about your smile!

by Colgate

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What Causes Bad Breath from Stomach?

Halitosis, generally known as bad breath, can be unpleasant and, in extreme situations, even make people anxious. It's understandable why store shelves are brimming with gum and mints to freshen the breath. But because they don't deal with the root of the issue, many of these products are merely band aid fixes. Hence, it becomes important to address the underlying issues that are causing bad breath. Among the factors contributing to foul breath are particular foods, medical conditions, and behaviors.

Depending on the source or underlying cause, different people have different bad breath smells. While some people have little to no mouth odor and worry excessively about it, others have foul breath but are unaware of it.

What to Do for Bad Breath?

Review your oral hygiene routines if you suspect that you have bad breath. Consider adopting lifestyle adjustments including drinking plenty of water, using dental floss, and brushing your teeth and tongue after meals. Also, include mouthwash as an essential component of your dental care routine. Consult your dentist if your bad breath still exists after making these changes. Your dentist could suggest that you see a doctor to identify the source of the odor if they think that your bad breath is the result of a more serious condition.

Your stomach may be the source of your poor breath rather than your oral health. In fact, because it might be more difficult to recognize, isolate, and treat, stomach-related bad breath can be even more confounding than regular bad breath. However, knowing the many causes of stomach-related halitosis might help you determine whether the source of your foul breath is simply because of something you ate or something more serious.

What Causes Bad Breath from Stomach?

There are numerous reasons why the digestive system can cause bad breath. Below are some of the causes of bad breath from the stomach:

H. Pylori

One of the most often occurring reasons of digestive system bad breath is H. Pylori. It’s a sort of bacteria that often coexists with the other bacteria in your gut microbiome, but when things go awry, it can cause major damage. About two thirds of stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers may be brought on by it. Patients with stomach cancer frequently have it found in the lining of their stomachs.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

Your digestive tract may be the cause of your foul breath if you frequently get heartburn or reflux after eating particular meals, such as dairy and spicy cuisine. These acids may smell sour, which causes gaseous odors to impact your breath.

Kidney Disease

Chronic renal disease may occasionally be indicated by poor breath that smells fishy or strongly like ammonia.

Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth

SIBO may be the source of your bad breath if you have gas, bloating, and burping. The large intestine, where digesting occurs in the digestive tract, is home to trillions of bacteria. Although the small intestine contains a much less amount of microbiota and is intended for nutrition absorption, bacterial overgrowth can occasionally occur there. Following a stomach infection, SIBO might occur in certain people. Patients with lactose intolerance or fructose malabsorption may also have issues with their gut flora. After consuming fiber, symptoms frequently get worse.

Crohn’s Disease and Celiac Disease

Food malabsorption is a primary contributor to bad breath. Due to impaired digestion brought on by Crohn's and celiac disease, more food remains that sulfur-reducing bacteria can break down. This produces more hydrogen sulfide, which can lead to odorous burps and occasionally foul breath.

In conclusion, determining the source of stomach-related foul breath is the first step in treating it. Talk to your doctor about the possible causes of your halitosis so that you may develop a treatment strategy together that will address your particular problem. In the meantime, avoid any triggers that might seem to make your breath bad and keep a healthy mouth and continue following a proper dental care routine.

by Listerine

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What You Should Know About Blood Blisters in the Mouth


A blister is a fluid-filled sac that occurs when an upper layer of skin is injured. The fluid, which is generally clear, comes from the injured tissue. When the fluid pools, a blister forms and acts as a barrier, protecting the damaged skin from any additional harm.

In some cases, blood vessels below the injured skin will rupture and blood will fill the blister “bubble,” creating what is known as a blood blister. Like clear blisters, most blood blisters appear where there is friction. For example, you may develop a blood blister on your feet when you wear ill-fitting shoes. Or, you may develop a blister on your hands after gripping a rake or oar for a long period of time. Blood blisters can also appear inside the mouth.


Many oral blood blisters are big enough that you can see them in your mouth or feel them with your tongue. They can occur anywhere in the mouth, but they are often seen on soft surfaces, such as your cheek, tongue, or on the underside of the lips. You may develop only one or several at a time.

Blood blisters in the mouth range in color from dark red to purple, and are typically painful until they pop. Oral blood blisters can make it uncomfortable for you to chew or brush your teeth.

Blood blister vs. other mouth sores

Blood blisters, canker sores, and fever blisters can all appear in the mouth, and they are typically red in color. There are differences, however.

Canker sores

Canker sores usually begin as reddish ulcers instead of the dark red to purple coloring of a blood blister. Canker sores are covered by a white or yellowish film.

Fever blisters

Fever blisters often start with a tingling feeling where the blister will form. Blood blisters, on the other hand, often appear suddenly and without warning. A fever blister may appear along with a fever and swollen lymph nodes. Fever blisters often form on the lips and under the nose instead of inside the mouth.


Several things can lead to the development of an oral blood blister, including:


allergies to foods high in acidity

low platelet count, which is known as thrombocytopenia

angina bullosa hemorrhagica, a rare disorder

Chemotherapy drugs and radiation also can also cause blood blisters in the mouth.


Most oral blood blisters develop following trauma to the mouth, such as biting your cheek, burning your mouth with hot food, or puncturing soft tissue with sharp food, like a chip. In the case of trauma, a blood blister usually develops quickly after the damage takes place.


Certain foods and medicines can irritate the lining of your mouth and lead to the development of blood blisters. You may be more likely to develop blood blisters from allergies to:

acidic foods, like citrus fruits

cinnamon flavoring

astringents, such as those used in mouthwash and toothpaste


Platelets are blood cells that help the blood clot. You can develop a low platelet count for a variety of reasons, including during pregnancy or when taking some medications, such as certain antibiotics and anticonvulsants. It can also occur when the immune system destroys platelets.

Thrombocytopenia can cause blood blisters in the mouth. About 30,000 new cases are diagnosed every year in the United States and 70 percent of them occur in women.

Angina bullosa hemorrhagica

Angina bullosa hemorrhagica is a rare disorder that causes painful blood blisters to suddenly erupt on the soft tissues of the mouth. The blisters last only a few minutes, then spontaneously rupture.

One study estimates that about 0.5 percent of the population have these types of blood blisters. The blisters differ from other blood blisters in that they are not related to any systemic disorder, like thrombocytopenia, and often no cause can be found.


Most blood blisters come and go quickly, and require no medical treatment. Here are some tips for managing them:

You can reduce pain with over-the-counter pain relievers and ice packs applied to the injured area.

Avoid foods that can irritate the blister, such as hot, salty, or spicy foods.

Do not attempt to pop the blister. This increases your risk of infection and delays healing. The blister will pop naturally on its own.

See your doctor if:

The blister is so large it’s interfering with swallowing or breathing.

It takes more than a week or two to fully heal.

It’s so painful it’s interfering with your daily functioning. Your doctor may prescribe a soothing mouthwash that can speed healing.

The blisters are recurrent.

The blister seems infected. Signs of infection include being warm to the touch, pus draining out of it, and red tissue around the blister.


Blood blisters in the mouth can occur for various reasons. They are generally benign. Most blood blisters are due to trauma and quickly resolve without medical intervention. Being mindful of how and what you eat can help keep them at bay.

by healthline

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Yeast Infection on the Lips

A yeast infection on your lips and mouth is caused by a common fungus called Candida albicans. The infection, also known as oral thrush or orolabial candidiasis, causes creamy white patches on the lips that can extend into your mouth, tongue, and throat. Lip cracking, redness, and pain are also common.

Oral thrush tends to affect people with weakened immune systems but is also seen in people who smoke, wear dentures, or take antibiotics. Treatments include antifungal creams, lotions, and ointments. Good oral hygiene can go a long way toward preventing oral yeast infections.

This article describes the symptoms and causes of a yeast infection on the lips and mouth. It also explains how oral thrush is diagnosed and treated.

Symptoms of Thrush on the Lips

Oral candidiasis commonly affects the lips, tongue, throat, roof of the mouth, and the lining of the cheeks and back of the lips.

Symptoms of oral thrush include:

White patches on the tongue, throat, and lips

Redness or soreness

Cracks and tiny cuts at the corner of the mouth

Cotton-like feeling in the mouth

Loss of taste

Pain when eating and swallowing


Oral candidiasis is relatively uncommon in people who are healthy. When it occurs, the infection may be limited to the mouth and be readily treated with antifungals.

However, if a person is severely immunocompromised, a yeast infection might spread from the mouth to the feeding tube (esophageal candidiasis), develop on the skin (cutaneous candidiasis), or even spread through the blood to affect multiple organs (invasive disseminated candidiasis).

These complications are most often seen in people with advanced, untreated HIV.

When to See a Healthcare Provider

Unlike vaginal yeast infections, which can be influenced by natural fluctuations in hormones, oral yeast infections are relatively uncommon and should be seen by a healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause of the infection.

Causes of Lip Fungus

Candida albicans is a naturally-occurring fungus found on the body that the immune system can usually control. But when the immune system is substantially weakened, the fungus can suddenly grow out of control and cause a yeast infection.

Oral candidiasis is common in people with a compromised immune system. This is why it is often referred to as an "opportunistic infection" because it only occurs when a weakened immune system gives it the opportunity to thrive.

Oral thrush can also affect relatively healthy people if the yeast is given the "fuel" it needs to grow, such as high sugar levels in saliva.

Risk factors for oral candidiasis include:

Immunosuppressive conditions like HIV and cancer

Diabetes (in which high salivary sugar promotes fungal growth)

Being very young or very old (both of whom tend to have weaker immune systems)

Immunosuppressive drugs (commonly used for organ transplant recipients)

Oral or inhaled steroids (which also temper the immune response)

Broad-spectrum antibiotics (which alter the balance of bacteria and yeast in the mouth)

Smoking (which also alters the balance of microorganisms in the mouth)

Salivary gland disorders like salivary stones or Sjögren's syndrome

Wearing dentures (particularly if they aren't regularly cleaned)

Eating a high carbohydrate diet (which increases sugar levels in the mouth)

Oral candidiasis is common in adults and children but can also affect babies who don't yet have a fully developed immune system. It's most common in babies under 6 months old.3

 Thrush can be passed to the infant during breastfeeding if the nipples are also infected.

Is Oral Thrush Contagious?

Oral thrush is not contagious. The fungus, Candida albicans, is present in the mouth, mucosal tissues, and skin of every human. Candida will only overgrow if the immune system is weak or factors like smoking or antibiotics promote its growth.

How to Prevent Lip Thrush

If you are vulnerable to lip thrush for whatever reason, there are things you can do to reduce your risk:

Stop smoking: Ask your healthcare provider about smoking cessation aids, many of which are fully covered by health insurance.

Use a spacer on inhalers: Spacers are attachments that you place on the mouthpiece of aerosol inhalers. They limit your exposure to steroids and other inhaled drugs and keep them from coating your mouth.

Maintain good oral hygiene: In addition to regular brushing and flossing, you can use an antibacterial mouthwash to reduce the host of infectious microorganisms in your mouth.

Clean your dentures regularly: Remove, soak, and brush your dentures daily using a non-abrasive denture cleaning solution and a soft-bristled brush.

Manage your diabetes: This not only means taking your antidiabetes medications as prescribed but also managing your diet, maintaining your ideal weight, and exercising regularly.

Reduce your sugar intake: Even if you don't have diabetes, sugar fuels Candida growth. Make a special effort to cut back on sugary drinks, candies, and any sweet that coats your mouth.

by Very Well Health

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Rinsing and Brushing Teeth with Salt: Three Factors to Consider in Your Oral Care

Alternative dental products containing natural ingredients, such as salt, have been a trend in recent years – and it's no surprise why. From adding flavour to food to providing important health benefits, salt has many advantages, including improving your dental health.

If you're considering adding salt to your oral care routine, keep these three factors in mind to do it safely – and to enjoy a more natural lifestyle!

1. Saltwater Rinses

Rinsing your mouth with saltwater is beneficial in many situations, including:

After tooth extractions: A study in Evidence-Based Dentistry, published on behalf of the British Dental Association, found that using a warm saline mouthwash at least twice daily significantly reduces the occurrence of dry socket – the persistent, throbbing pain and exposure of the bare alveolar bone (which contains the tooth sockets) that usually occurs within 48 to 72 hours of a tooth extraction.

Oral thrush: The United States Mayo Clinic recommends using a warm saltwater rinse during an oral thrush outbreak.

Canker sores: By removing some germs and decreasing tenderness, salt rinses can help relieve canker sore pain.

2. Brushing Teeth with Salt

Salt toothpaste has become more popular, but how effective is it? And does it improve your dental health? A study in the open-access journal Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry found that the addition of sea salt to traditional abrasives in toothpaste can cause highly abrasive dentin wear – without providing any additional dental benefits. Consult a dentist if you still want to use natural toothpaste.

Going the DIY route and using salt directly on your teeth to eliminate stains is also highly inadvisable, as salt's abrasive nature could cause permanent damage to them.

3. Salt is Not a Replacement for Fluoride

If you’re looking to incorporate salt as an ingredient in your toothpaste, ensure that fluoride is still in the mix, as per the South African Dental Association's recommendation. This naturally occurring mineral helps prevent cavities in adults and children by making the teeth's outer surface more resistant to acid attacks. Your dentist can help guide you here as well!

Salt is a versatile ingredient with many benefits – so don't hesitate to consult with your dentist while exploring natural solutions for your teeth. Together, you can brainstorm to keep them healthy and bright for years to come!

by Colgate

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Ten Dental Hygiene Tips for a More Thorough Clean

Brushing your teeth every morning and night doesn't guarantee you're giving your mouth all the attention it needs. Even a regular oral hygiene routine could be leaving gaps if you engage in a few not-so-great habits during your time at the sink. By understanding proper brushing technique and ensuring you have the right tools in your cabinet, you can make sure you have all of your bases covered when pursuing a more thorough clean. Consider the following dental hygiene tips to help you take your care routine to the next level.

Use Proper Brushing Technique

A quick wash of your bristles isn't enough to banish leftover food particles and polish your teeth. Instead, use a technique echoed by the South African Dental Association (SADA): Start with your brush at a 45-degree angle to your gums and use short back-and-forth strokes across the sides and tops of your teeth. Then, hold the brush vertically and use several shorter strokes to focus on the backs of the front anterior teeth where plaque builds up often.

Brush Enough

Many people brush regularly, but simply don't brush enough for their teeth to stay clean. The SADA recommends brushing for at least two minutes, twice daily. Having trouble gauging your routine for this duration? Try listening to a short song, cue up a two-minute YouTube video or set a timer on your phone to give yourself the time you need to thoroughly clean your teeth.

Pick the Right Brush

Always look for a brush whose head and bristles are small enough to reach into the crevices of your molars, where food debris can hide after you eat. Most adults require a small or medium-sized toothbrush for this purpose.

Floss Properly

Like brushing, flossing must be done properly so that, when you reach between teeth, you actually get to the germs that are stuck there. Ideally, use a piece of floss up to 18 inches in length, allowing you to use a fresh area of floss every few teeth without reinserting the germs you just removed. Keep in mind that the floss should rub against the teeth in a motion that creates a forward or backward 'C' shape, wrapping the floss around each tooth.

Use a Mouthwash

Effective mouthwash can go where toothbrushes and floss are unable to reach, helping to rid your mouth of the debris that irritate the gumline and cause gum problems. Add this mouthwash to your oral care regimen to get the most thorough clean possible, even when you're on the go.

Clean Your Brush

You don't need special equipment or covers to keep the brush itself clean. In fact, SADA warns that covering your toothbrush can actually breed new germs and introduce them into your mouth. Instead, just rinse your brush after each use and allow it to air dry. You should also avoid sharing brushes with others, even your children.

Change Your Brush

Bristles deteriorate with time and usage, so if you're using the same toothbrush beyond a few months, you may not be getting the best clean anymore. Rather, make a point of getting a new brush every three to four months, or at your semiannual dental check-up.

Use a Tongue Scraper

Some toothbrushes now come with a ridged tooth-scraper on the back of the brush. After brushing, germs can remain on the tongue, so be sure to brush or scrape your tongue as part of your daily routine. Not only will it banish germs, but cleaning your tongue can also help freshen your breath.

Stop Snacking

Hungry for a midnight snack? Brushing well may clear your teeth of germs and food particles, but if you eat a snack afterward, you'll need to brush again before bed. Having a snack before sleep (without brushing) can allow food particles and sugar to remain on your teeth for too long, providing fuel for germs that feed on it.

Oral hygiene should be part of any overall health routine. By following these dental hygiene tips, you can choose the best products, improve your technique and ensure you're doing everything in your power to keep your mouth cavity-free.

by Colgate

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Four Causes Likely To Be At The Root Of Your Toothache

Most of us have felt the pain of a toothache at least once in our lives. Ouch! With National Toothache Day observed on February 9th, the Surf City Dental team is taking a moment to talk about this all too familiar – and painful – subject.

Toothaches occur when the nerves in the root of a tooth become inflamed or irritated. They can be caused by a number of different issues and even the type of discomfort felt varies from case to case. Some may experience sharp, searing pain while others feel a dull throbbing sensation.

Identifying the underlying reason for this pain is difficult without the assistance of a dental professional. However, certain causes are more likely than others to be the culprit. Let’s talk about four leading sources of tooth pain.

1. Cavities & Tooth Decay

It’s hardly a surprise that cavities take the top spot on this list. According to the CDC, approximately 90% of adults over the age of 20 have had at least one.

Tooth decay, which leads to the formation of cavities, may be the result of not cleaning teeth properly, eating an abundance of sugary or starchy foods, or a buildup of acid on the teeth. When cavities form, they create a small hole in the tooth that exposes the root and gets bigger and bigger over time if left untreated.

What’s the best way to catch a cavity before it becomes a major problem?Never miss a regular cleaning with your Surf City dentist! Routine dental check-ups help catch cavities and decay in the early stages, making them easier to treat and less likely to result in major issues.

2. Abscessed Tooth

Abscessed teeth are typically caused by a bacterial dental infection. These can occur in different areas around the tooth, depending on where the infection begins. For example:

An untreated cavity may lead to a bacterial infection in the pulp chamber, or the central portion of the tooth. This central chamber is filled with nerve endings that are extremely sensitive and painful when exposed.

Gum disease may cause an infection in the bone and tissues that support the tooth.

Injuries like broken, chipped, or cracked teeth leave the inside of the tooth vulnerable to dental infection.

3. Gum Disease

A buildup of plaque contributes to gum disease and can result in the dreaded toothache as well. Redness and swelling of the gums are both symptoms of this condition and, as with cavities, these symptoms will likely advance into a more serious condition if left unaddressed. If this happens, the gums separate from the tooth, leaving pockets where food collects and bacteria grows.

4. Bruxism

Grinding or clenching your teeth is also known as bruxism and can lead to discomfort because of the stress put on your mouth and jaw. Consistent grinding also wears down the enamel on teeth, exposing the sensitive layer of dentin underneath.

Toothache Prevention & Treatment

The best way to prevent toothaches is to practice proper dental hygiene. Surf City Dental recommends brushing twice a day with an American Dental Association approved toothpaste and flossing before bedtime. Visiting your dentist twice a year for regular dental cleanings is an essential piece of the puzzle as well.

While some home remedies provide temporary relief for minor toothaches, if pain persists for more than one or two days, get in touch with your dentist. As you’ve likely gathered, ignoring a toothache only leads to more damage and discomfort.

by Surf City Dental

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Ten Signs That You Need to Visit the Dentist

Wondering if your particular oral health circumstances warrant a trip to the dentist? We believe it is always better to be safe than sorry! However, if you meet any of these following ten criteria, it is very important to schedule an appointment as soon as you can.

1. Eating cold or hot foods hurts your teeth.

In many cases, having dental sensitivity is a warning sign of dental decay. This is because, once your tooth enamel has worn down, it exposes the dentin layer beneath. This layer has tiny microscopic tubules that provide access from the nerve to the enamel, so it can make your tooth hypersensitive once exposed. You’ll want to make sure the tooth is fixed before this decay progresses too far, so head to the dentist right away!

2. Your gums are bleeding when you floss.

Bleeding gums is an early symptom of gingivitis—an infection in the gums that can ultimately lead to gum disease. This stage of periodontal disease is the easiest to treat, so be sure to go into the dentist before it impacts your gums any further.

3. You’re embarrassed about your smile.

You don’t have to live with a smile that you’re not proud of. Whether you’re hoping to fix tough stains, a crooked bite, malformed teeth, or more, Manus Dental has the cosmetic and restorative services to help!

4. You have bad breath or a bad taste in your mouth that just won’t go away.

Halitosis (or bad breath) can be symptomatic of any number of oral health issues. For example, it can mean you’re suffering from dry mouth, gum disease, stomach issues, or even tonsillitis. If you’re struggling with chronic bad breath, it is absolutely a good idea to have it checked out.

5. You’re pregnant.

Taking care of your health is of the upmost importance during pregnancy, so it is no surprise that this includes your oral health as well! Pregnancy can often have a big impact on your teeth and gums. For example, morning sickness can lead to erosion of the dental enamel. Dry mouth is also more common during pregnancy. You’ll also want to be certain that you don’t have periodontal issues, as gum disease can cause premature birth.

6. You have jaw pain or popping when you first wake up or when you’re chewing.

You do not have to suffer through TMJ (temporomandibular joint) problems. Your dentist can help you to uncover the root cause of the issue—such as misaligned teeth, teeth grinding, injury, and more—and begin treatment!

7. Your mouth feels dry a lot.

Dry mouth, or xerostomia, affects about 10% of people, and it can make it difficult to speak, eat, and swallow. It can also lead to tooth decay, infections, bad breath, and more. While treatments can vary depending on the patient, your dentist can absolutely provide you relief of this illness.

8. Your family has a history of gum disease.

Gum disease often goes unnoticed for quite some time, as it is usually painless. However, this disease can have a major impact on your overall health, causing tooth loss, heart disease, respiratory illness, stroke, and more! Therefore, if you know your family has a history of periodontal disease, make sure you always make it in for your regular check-ups with the dentist.

9. You have ongoing medical issues.

If you suffer from serious medical conditions, such as diabetes, eating disorders, cardiovascular disease, or are undergoing medical treatment, we want to be a part of improving your health! We’ll help you to prevent infection and other issues that may be exasperated by these illnesses.

10. You haven’t seen a dentist in six months.

It is highly recommended that you see your dentist at least twice a year in order to prevent decay, gingivitis, and other oral health issues. We’ll also perform a professional cleaning to remove tartar buildup and keep your mouth in good health!

by Manus Dental

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The Five Biggest Dental Issues You Face In Your 60s

Word on the street is you’ll keep your teeth longer as you enter old age, but with this good news comes an alarming warning that there are more problems likely to arise with your chompers and so you need to maintain those visits to your dentist.

In your 60s there are five common dental issues you’re bound to face and fortunately the remedies are pretty straight forward.

1. Tooth decayEven if you’re in your 60s you can get cavities. You’ll get them on the surface of your teeth, which might not have been a problem before, and you can also get them around old fillings and at the root of your teeth.

Here’s the fix — fluoride. It’s not just for kids. Dental health has improved since water fluoridation began in the 1950s, however if you don’t have fluorinated water you should add a daily rinse to your brushing habit according to United States spokesperson on elder care for the American Dental Association Judith Ann Jones.

2. Dry mouthIf you don’t produce enough saliva your teth could be at risk. There is calcium and phosphate present in saliva and this prevents demineralisation of your teeth. You’ll know if you have dry mouth because you’ll have a sticky feeling in your mouth, you have trouble swallowing, you might have a dry throat and you could have dry, cracked lips. You might even notice a metallic taste in your mouth or you could have persistent bad breath.

Often the condition is caused by medication, and as you get older chances are you’ll be taking more medication. But dry mouth can also be a result of smoking or a blow to the head that has had an impact on your salivary glands.

Here’s the fix — sip water all day or chew a sugar-free gum to help stimulate saliva production. Your dentist might also prescribe you with a saliva substitute for you to try.

3. Gum diseaseIf you have swollen, red or bleeding gums you could have a condition called ‘gingivitis’, which is an early form of gum disease. If you don’t do anything about it the condition can be dangerous; you could develop a disease called ‘periodontitis’ and this is where your gum pulls away from the tooth and creates a pocket that can become infected. Worse, if you don’t take action you could lose teeth or bones in your jaw.


Here’s the fix — see your dentist regularly. Your dentist will check and treat the condition and give your teeth a good clean in the process.

4. Oral cancerOral cancer represents between 3 and 4 per cent of all cancers diagnosed in Australia each year. Your chances of developing this cancer increases as you get older and is most often linked to smoking or alcohol use.

Here’s the fix — Ensure your dentist does an oral cancer exam when you visit as your best chance of survival is if the disease is detected early. The test involves checking the soft tissue in your mouth as well as your throat and jaw. If they don’t do the test, request it or consider switching to a dentist that does. It could save your life!

5. Tooth crowdingAs you get older your teeth move around and this creates an opportunity for them to overlap one another. The reason this is problematic is not just because you’ll look different when you smile, but because it makes home maintenance on your teeth all the more difficult. When your teeth are misaligned you can develop teeth erosion or you can damage the supporting tissue and bone, and when you add this to your risk of periodontal disease you also risk losing your teeth at a faster rate.

Here’s the fix — Talk to your dentist about the shifts and see if they will refer you to an orthodontist. You might need braces or a retainer or even a spacer. Don’t think that because you’re in your 60s that you’re too old for such action either.

by Starts at 60

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Granulation Tissue and Healing Oral Wounds

Wounds can occur in the mouth for many reasons — from accidents to surgical procedures. Whatever the cause, your body has everything it needs to heal the wound. Granulation tissue plays an important role in this healing process. Learn more about how oral wounds heal and why you might notice white tissue around the injury site.

What Is the Wound Healing Process?

Wounds inside the mouth heal essentially the same way as wounds on any other part of the body. This healing process includes four main stages:

Hemostasis. The first stage of healing stops the bleeding by forming a blood clot, also known as a thrombus. Blood vessels constrict to restrict blood flow, and platelets stick together to seal the wound. Finally, threads of fibrin reinforce the seal through a process called coagulation.

Inflammation. During the second stage, the injured blood vessels discharge a fluid that causes the wound to swell, and the repair process starts by removing damaged cells and bacteria. Inflammation helps stop further bleeding and ward off infection, and it only becomes problematic if prolonged or excessive.

Proliferation. Granulation tissue forms in the third stage of healing. The wound contracts as these new tissues are built, and the body constructs a network of blood vessels to supply the tissue with oxygen to help it grow. Cells from the edges of the wound move across the opening to close the wound in a process called epithelialization.

Maturation. Also known as the remodeling stage, maturation occurs when collagen is remodeled and the wound fully closes. Any cells used to repair the wound that are no longer needed are removed by a process called apoptosis.

The healing process might sound complex, but taking care of your oral wounds can accelerate each stage and restore the health of your mouth.

What Is the White Tissue In Your Mouth?

If you have experienced an oral wound, you might notice white, pink, or red tissue forming around the injury. This tissue — known as granulation tissue — plays a key role in repairing the injury and protecting it from further damage. When you undergo oral surgery like a tooth extraction or gum grafting, granulation tissue forms after about one week to protect the site until the new bone or gum tissue can form.

What if the white stuff near your wound doesn't look like tissue? Make a quick call to your dentist if you have any concerns about the healing process, especially if you experience pain. The "white stuff" you see could also be one of the following:

Surgical gauze. If you received treatment for the wound, it's possible a small piece of gauze stuck to the wound. Call your dental professional to get the gauze removed and prevent infection.

Food debris. Large wounds like those left by tooth extractions could attract food debris. While they aren't inherently dangerous, they could dislodge your blood clot and disrupt healing. Twenty-four hours after surgery, you can rinse your mouth with saltwater to dislodge the food particles. If that doesn't work, talk to your dental professional.

Infection. Any white or yellow pus around the wound could be a sign of infection and is probably accompanied by swelling and pain. Call your dental professional right away to confirm the infection and prescribe an antibiotic.

Is Your Oral Wound Healing Properly?

Wounds inside the mouth tend to heal more quickly than wounds elsewhere on the body. Still, oral wounds can sometimes heal improperly. Look out for these issues:

Excessive bleeding. If the blood clot is disturbed or fails to form, you might experience excessive bleeding.

Infection. If you notice any white or yellow pus, continued swelling, worsening pain, or a bad taste in your mouth, your oral wound might be infected.

Dry socket. If the white granulation tissue falls out after a tooth extraction, you might have dry socket. Dry socket occurs when the repair material falls out and exposes your bone and nerves. The exposed nerves can cause severe pain.

Be on the lookout for persistent inflammation, unpleasant smells, white or yellow pus, a reopened wound, or dead tissue. If you experience any of the conditions listed above, contact your dentist immediately for treatment.

Wounds inside the mouth might feel uncomfortable, but with the right care, they will heal quickly. Follow your dental professional's instructions for cleaning and protecting your oral wound if you receive an injury or undergo an operation. The formation of granulation tissue — with the absence of pain — is a great sign that the wound is healing properly.

by Colgate

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What would happen if you didn’t brush your teeth for a year?

What would happen if you tossed your toothbrush for a year?

"Probably nothing good," said Matthew Messina, dentist and American Dental Association spokesman.

Most people who stop brushing their teeth will develop cavities (tooth decay) and/or periodontal disease (gum disease). Both can be painful and both can cause teeth to fall out.

When bacteria in the mouth isn't brushed away, it can also push immune systems into overdrive and cause a host of problems in other parts of the body. Bacteria under the gum line with access to the blood line can be particularly dangerous, Messina said. A dirty mouth has been linked to respiratory diseases such as pneumonia, heart attacks and even MRSA in the case of dentures. MRSA or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, is a bacteria resistant to a variety of medications that can infect the bloodstream and lining of the heart.

Everyone's health is different. So, someone could go without brushing for a year and get gum disease and no cavities. Others might have it the other way around. Some could come down with serious health problems. In rare cases, people with healthy diets and good genes could go without cavities, gum disease and health problems, Messina said.

But, even for those who would escape major problems, their teeth would be covered in plaque.

"It's not a lovely feeling," Messina said.

Food particles would stick around. Meaning, the taste of salmon from Saturday dinner would mingle with Sunday brunch.

Morning breath would be a constant, and smell worse every day without brushing.

"It’s not going to be good for relationships with other people," Messina said. "You aren’t going to have a lot of friends."

The ADA recommends brushing teeth twice daily and flossing once daily. Toothbrushes should be changed when frayed, about every four months.

by Ashley May

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Swollen Lip Causes: How to Deal with Mouth Swelling

You may have experienced a random fat lip as the result of a ball thrown at your face during an ill-advised ball game, but what happens if you suddenly see your upper or lower lip swelling up and you don’t know why? A swollen upper or lower lip can be caused by many things other than trauma. Find out what they are and how to deal with a sudden fat lip.

What Can Cause a Swollen Lip and How to Treat it

Broadly speaking, three things could cause a swollen lip:

Trauma directly to the mouth. Your gums, tongue and lips have a lot of blood supply, and the skin on your lips is very thin. If something hits your mouth with a lot of force, such as a ball thrown from a distance, blood rushes to the area, causing a swollen appearance. The high blood flow in the region could cause this area to bleed a lot.

No matter which one of your lips is swollen, you can suck on ice pops or ice cubes to reduce swelling. You can also apply a cold pack to the area for at least 10-15 minutes every 1-2 hours, for at least 24 hours after the injury has occurred.

Allergy. An allergic reaction may cause swelling in your lips. A common allergic reaction is known as angioedema, affecting the deeper layers of your skin. Swelling and redness around your lips, cheeks, and eyes is a common sign of angioedema. If you have a mild allergic reaction, you can treat it at home with an over-the-counter antihistamine. However, if you think a known allergy causes your angioedema to a food or medication, your swollen lip symptoms may be an early sign of an anaphylactic reaction. You must seek immediate medication attention if you feel your swelling is increasing, or if you have trouble breathing.

Infection. Cheilitis is a condition involving the inflammation of the lips. It can be acute or chronic. Viral Cheilitis is mainly caused by the herpes simplex virus, type 1. The primary herpes infection affects the lips in most cases, manifesting as a cluster of blisters surrounding the mouth area. A burning sensation typically accompanies the condition.

Herpes blisters usually heal by themselves in about one to two weeks, although over-the-counter topical anaesthetics can also give some relief.

It’s worth noting that you may have an infected lip or mouth if you have a cut in that area and it’s not healing properly. Sometimes we get small cuts in and around the mouth and lips, for instance, if you bite down on your lip too hard. Infections occur when wounds and cuts that are healing become infiltrated with harmful germs. If you suspect that your lip is now infected and swollen, consult with your doctor. They can give you an antibiotic ointment or medication to stop the infection and help with the inflammation.

As your lips are so delicate, a lot of different things could cause a random fat lip. It’s normal to be concerned or worried if you suddenly have a swollen lip, but once you figure out what’s causing it, the situation is easy to manage. And if you’re having any trouble, don’t hesitate to consult with your doctor. They’ll help you find the right treatment to make you feel better in no time!

by Colgate

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Four steps to maintaining a healthy mouth with an autoimmune condition

If you’ve been diagnosed with an autoimmune condition, your oral health isn’t always your first thought in mind.

But just as autoimmune conditions affect your overall health, they affect your dental health, too. Here are four steps you can take to help protect your mouth if you have an autoimmune condition. 

1. See your dentist

If you’re living with an autoimmune condition, your dentist is an important part of your medical care team.

Your dentist and hygienist help you stay up to date with: 

Cleanings. If you have an autoimmune condition, you should plan to see your dentist more often than the typical schedule of once every six months. Quarterly cleanings may be necessary to prevent cavities and gum disease.

Exams. With regular exams, your dentist identifies the signs of oral health problems before they become more serious.

Medication. A dentist can also prescribe medications to help you manage some of the oral manifestations of autoimmune conditions, such as ulcers or mouth sores. 

Make sure your dentist and hygienist are aware of your condition so that they can help determine your best scheduling options and provide you with optimal care. 

2. Keep up a strong home routine

Autoimmune conditions increase your risk of oral health problems like tooth decay and gum disease. Committing to good, regular oral hygiene habits at home is important.

Remove plaque by brushing at least twice a day and flossing at least once a day to help fight the increased risk for dental problems. 

When brushing and flossing are difficult

Some autoimmune conditions make the act of brushing and flossing difficult.  Whether your condition affects your central nervous system like multiple sclerosis or your joints like rheumatoid arthritis, it can make movement more challenging. Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ), which can be a symptom of some autoimmune conditions, affects your jaw and can make it harder to open your mouth.

If your symptoms make brushing difficult, be sure to discuss these issues with your dentist and your physician. Your health care team may suggest treatments such as pain relievers, anti-inflammatories, oral splints, mouthguards or corticosteroid injections.

Talk to your dentist about brushing and flossing techniques that may suit your needs. Here are some simple remedies that could help with your oral health care routine at home: 

Use an electric toothbrush. Most electric toothbrushes have larger, wider handles than standard toothbrushes, and they can do some of the brushing motion for you. If you have an autoimmune condition that’s affecting your ability to manipulate a toothbrush, you may find an electric toothbrush easier to manipulate.

Try a padded grip. Wrap foam around your toothbrush to help create a better grip for daily brushing. Most major online retailers sell special padding grips that can be used for toothbrushes and flosser picks.

Use a hand-held flosser. Flossing can present special challenges for those with joint pain or dexterity issues. Hand-held flossers range in size from the small “interdental” flossers to flossers with disposable tips and long handles that can accommodate a padded grip.

Wear a weighted glove. A weighted glove can help reduce trembling and steady hand movements while brushing.

Sit while brushing. Bring a chair into the bathroom if you need more help while brushing your teeth. Sitting while brushing lets you rest an elbow on the counter for support and stability.  

3. Stay hydrated to fight dry mouth

Dry mouth is a symptom of many autoimmune conditions. Your saliva helps to rinse the teeth and control bacteria population in the mouth, so less of it means you’re more prone to tooth decay and other oral health issues. Over time, dry mouth leads to problems for your teeth and gums.

The most important weapons in the fight against dry mouth are: 

Hydration. Drink plenty of water so that your body can produce saliva. 

Stimulation of natural saliva production. Stimulate saliva by chewing sugar-free gum between meals

Salivary replacements. Replace saliva by using lubricating gels and sprays to coat the inside of a dry mouth. 

If you’re experiencing dry mouth, be sure to discuss your symptoms with your dentist. 

4. Eat healthy, live healthy

A diet that fights inflammation may help reduce the inflammatory responses associated with autoimmune conditions. An anti-inflammatory diet typically limits processed meats, saturated fat, refined sugars, salt and white flour while including plenty of whole grains, leafy green vegetables, berries, olive oil, beans, green tea, nuts, fish and poultry.

An autoimmune protocol (AIP) diet is a very restrictive diet that focuses on eliminating all inflammatory foods for 30 to 90 days. Foods are then slowly reintroduced back into the diet one at a time to see how the body responds.

If you have an autoimmune condition, you may benefit from the guidance of a registered dietitian. Along with diet, you should incorporate other healthy lifestyle choices that positively impact your body’s immune response, such as practicing stress reduction, quitting smoking, exercising regularly and getting enough sleep.

by Delta Dental

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Three Signs that Your Dental Filling is Going Bad

A loose filling is more than an inconvenience. Dental fillings protect sensitive areas of your teeth from the outside environment. A loose filling can lead to decay beneath the tooth, heightened sensitivity, or even a root canal infection.

During your exam at Advanced Family Dentistry, Dr. Asadi or a member of our dental team will look for signs of a bad filling. If your filling is damaged or loose, the filling can be removed and you can be fitted with composite resin fillings or another material. If you are curious about the signs of a dental filling going bad, read on to learn more about three common signs that you should have your filling replaced.

3 Signs that Your Dental Filling is Going Bad

Fillings can become damaged or loose for a variety of reasons. Fillings are not intended to last forever. The bond that holds the metal or composite resin in place will eventually weaken over time. This process may occur more quickly if patients grind their teeth at night. Fillings are often placed in molars where bruxism can cause significant damage.

Accidents and trauma are another common cause of loose fillings. If you are in the habit of using your teeth as tools, you may be risking a damaged filling. We advise our patients to never use their teeth to open plastic bottles or to pry open objects of any kind. Common signs that your fillings are compromised include:

The Contours of Your Teeth Feel “Off”

Our tongues are finely tuned to any disturbances in your teeth. Many patients may notice a change in how the surface of a tooth feels if a dental filling has become loose or damaged. If you find that your tongue is drawn to a particular tooth, it may be a sign that something about the texture of a tooth has changed.

A loose or damaged filling may also cause your bite to feel off when you close your mouth. The snug fit of your teeth is called occlusion, and any change in the fillings may be noticed as your teeth interlock when your mouth is closed.

Increased Sensitivity

Our enamel insulates a tooth’s inner nerves from drastic temperature changes. A missing or loose filling can allow hot or cold food or drinks to aggravate the sensitive pulp. If you notice heightened sensitivity to hot or cold drinks or food, this may be a sign that your filling is loose or that you have untreated tooth decay.

Discomfort When Eating

If one area of your tooth is consistently uncomfortable or the source of pain, you may have a damaged or loose filling. Eating can place pressure on the filling, which may aggravate the tissue below. If food particles or liquids creep under a loose filling, that can also cause discomfort.

Discomfort or oral pain may be present even when you are not eating. Discomfort is one of the most common signs of a damaged filling.

Other Considerations

Only a professional dentist can accurately diagnose a loose dental filling. A visual inspection can often be useful when determining if you need to see a dentist. Dental fillings that are going bad may become discolored. You may also be able to see where the filling is becoming separated from the tooth.

It is not uncommon for a bad feeling to cause no noticeable symptoms. This is one reason why it is so important to schedule regular checkups with our dental office. Dr. Asadi is an advanced general and cosmetic dentist who is dedicated to providing excellent care. He is a member of the American Dental Association, the Arizona Dental Association, and a local member of Spear Education.

Making the Most Out of Your Dental Fillings

Many of our patients ask, “How long will my filling last?” There is no single answer to this question. Each patient comes with unique oral characteristics: oral hygiene habits, the number of visits to the dentist, bite characteristics. Generally speaking, dental fillings last anywhere from five to 10 years. Some patients can keep their fillings for more than 10 years.

While dental fillings have a shorter lifespan than veneers and dental crowns, the restorative option is highly affordable. When fillings are used for restorative purposes, many dental insurance plans cover all or part of the treatment cost.

To make the most out of your dental fillings:

Treat bruxism with a mouthguard or alternative treatment

Brush at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and floss daily

Cut back on sugary foods

Rise with a quality therapeutic mouth rinse to reduce oral bacteria

Avoid acidic foods and drinks

Visit our office twice a year for cleanings and check-ups

What to Expect During Your Filling Replacement

If your fillings need to be replaced, Dr. Asadi can handle every step of the removal and replacement process at his dental practice. Dental fillings may need to be replaced for a variety of reasons. Failure to remove fillings can result in oral discomfort and dental problems like tooth decay and advanced infections. A loose or damaged filling can even lead to a root canal infection.

To prevent significant dental problems, Dr. Asadi may recommend that your fillings are replaced. The treatment process for replacing dental fillings is straightforward. Special care will be taken when removing your worn dental filling.

Fillings are commonly made from amalgam (metal) or composite resin. The composite-based materials are a mixture of silica and biocompatible glass. Once the old fillings have been removed, any decayed tissue will be removed. Then, the treatment area will be thoroughly cleaned to prevent further decay.

To ensure that a strong bond is obtained, a special etching liquid will be used. Once your tooth is prepared, amalgam, composite resin, or another material will be artfully applied by Dr. Asadi. Special consideration will be made to ensure that the final results are cosmetically pleasing and functional.

Amalgam quickly hardens on its own while the composite resin is cured using a special blue light. Metal fillings are typically used to restore molars while the composite resin is used for visible portions of the tooth, although composite resin can often be used on any part of the tooth.

Once the material has hardened, minor adjustments can be made to ensure that the results are aesthetically pleasing and do not interfere with your bite. Dr. Asadi will take the time to ensure that your filling is carefully placed so it lasts for several years or longer. Fillings can often be replaced in well under half an hour.

by Avanced Family Dentistry

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Is a Teeth Whitening Light Effective?

Getting ready for a special day? Want to appear more youthful? Gave up coffee, red wine, or smoking and wish to get rid of the stained teeth resulting from your former habits?

Whatever your reason for wanting whiter teeth, it's never been easier to have a brighter smile. Multiple options exist to whiten teeth, and some include UV, halogen, and LED lights designed to enhance the whitening process. But do you really need the extra expense of a light? And are the lights safe?

What Teeth Whitening Light Treatments Are Available?

At your convenience at home, you can apply any of the numerous over-the-counter treatments to whiten your teeth. Or your dentist can perform a cosmetic teeth whitening procedure in the office with at-home follow-ups if necessary. It all depends on your budget and time.

The types of treatments include everything from whitening toothpaste to products incorporating teeth whitening lights. There are primarily three types of lights used in teeth whitening:

UV (ultraviolet) light is a form of magnetic radiation that heats up in the tooth whitening process. A type of UV light used in teeth whitening is a laser. Teeth whitening employing UV light is usually performed in a dental office because of the burn risk of using UV at home.

Halogen light also emits heat produced by the metal tungsten in the heart of the light. As with UV light, halogen light is best used in dental offices.

LED (light-emitting diode) produces blue light to increase the teeth whitening process without any radiating heat to the teeth. Most over-the-counter tooth whitening kits with lights contain LED products – although dentists might use LED blue light, as well.

Does Light Teeth Whitening Work?

First up – how it works: The lights must be used in conjunction with a teeth-whitening substance, such as hydrogen peroxide or other whitening agents. After you or your dentist applies the whitening agent to your teeth, targeting the light on your teeth activates the whitener.

Is using light-activation worth it, though? Researchers found that laser, halogen, and LED light-activation produced increased lightening of tooth shade and maintained the lighter shade longer than non-light-activated teeth whitening in a study published in the Journal of Conservative Dentistry. Laser and halogen lights were most effective.

Is Teeth Whitening with Lights Safe?

This comes down to you or your dentist using the lights safely.

If not used correctly, UV light is considered a risk. It might cause soft tissue burning, gum irritation, damage to teeth, and increased tooth sensitivity. That's why your dental professionals will take every precaution to protect your teeth and gums when using UV light during a teeth whitening procedure.

For home use, be sure to follow the manufacturer's instructions exactly as written. This entails the length of time to use the whitening agent and the LED light.

If you have questions about teeth whitening lights, have a conversation with your dental professionals about the treatments available. They'll help you decide what's right for you regarding whitening agents and light-activation methods, whether UV laser, halogen, or LED.

By shining a light on the various teeth whitening activation methods, we want to help you become a more informed dental consumer when you talk to your dental professional.

by Colgate

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How Long Can It Take for Bleeding Gums to Heal?

Most of us work hard to keep our dental health in check, making sure we brush twice a day as well as floss. And for those of us who do put the time into our oral health, it can feel frustrating to still see some blood in the sink. It seems like we’re doing everything right, so what the heck is going on?

If you’ve been seeing a little bit of blood in the sink every time you brush, or have just started a new flossing routine and noticed your gums are red and inflamed, here’s what may be happening — and how long it should take for your bleeding gums to heal.

What Causes Bleeding Gums?

According to Dr. Samantha Rawdin, DMD, prosthodontist at Gallery 57 Dental in Bronx, NY, one reason you may be seeing blood in the sink after brushing and flossing is that you’re dealing with gingivitis, a mild form of gum disease. “Leaving plaque and food debris on [tooth] surfaces causes inflammation of the gums, and the inflammation is what causes the bleeding,” Dr. Rawdin says. Luckily, gingivitis is reversible.

Another reason for bleeding gums? You’ve just started a new daily flossing routine, and you’re being a little too rough with your mouth, explains Dr. Rawdin.

How Long Before Bleeding Gums Heal?

If you’re starting a new flossing routine, Rawdin says it can take a week or so for your gums to settle down and potentially stop bleeding. If you’re dealing with gingivitis, individual prognosises vary, so it’s best to talk with your dentist first. After talking with your dentist, using an antigingivitis toothpaste like parodontax — which has been shown to significantly reduce plaque and bleeding gums.

However, if the plaque between your teeth has mineralized and become stuck, you’ll likely need to call in the pros, as you may be dealing with tartar. According to Rawdin, “no amount of brushing or flossing” will remove tartar, which means you’ll need to have your teeth professionally cleaned at your dentist’s office.

How to Floss Properly

If you’ve been to the dentist and he or she doesn’t see any gingivitis or tartar, Rawdin says that it’s possible you may be flossing incorrectly. “To properly floss, take a piece of floss that’s approximately shoulder-width in length (about 18 inches) and wrap it around your index fingers so that there's about an inch of floss when held tight between your hands,” says Rawdin. “Then you'll slide the floss between the teeth. There's a small triangle of tissue between each of your teeth — pass the floss on one side of the triangle, hugging the tooth by making a small C shape with the floss, gently allowing it to pass just under the edge of the gums until you feel resistance, and slide the floss up and down a few times to scrub the plaque off of the teeth.”

Repeat that same process on the other side of the triangle of tissue before moving to the next tooth. Ideally, Rawdin says you want to use a new section of floss between each tooth to avoid redepositing the bacteria you’re removing.

Feel like your flossing and brushing game is on point and your gums are still bleeding? Talk to your dentist, Rawdin says, as there may be an underlying cause that will need some further investigating.

by Parodontax

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Why Sinus Infection Tooth Pain Occurs

If you've ever suffered from tooth pain, you know how uncomfortable it can be. There are multiple reasons why you could be suffering from tooth pain. Some of the more common reasons include cavities, a cracked tooth, or tooth sensitivity resulting from cold or hot foods. But a lesser-known cause of tooth pain is a sinus infection. If you suffer from a sinus infection, tooth sensitivity, or pain, here's some helpful information.

Sinus Infections

If you're a constant sufferer of sinus infections, you are not alone! Did you know that, according to the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 31 million people in the United States get them? It's such a common ailment that they're the cause of 16 million doctor visits a year. Also known as sinusitis, a sinus infection occurs when the nasal passage cavities become swollen and inflamed. Because the sinuses are unable to drain, a mucus build-up can occur. It's usually caused by a virus like the common cold, but can also result from allergies or germs.

Once your sinuses have a blockage, the moist environment created by an excess of mucus creates a fertile ground for infections. We know — it's not the most pleasant imagery to think of, but it's helpful to understand what a sinus infection is so you can find the right relief! But what do our sinuses have to do with tooth pain? Can a sinus infection cause tooth sensitivity to hot and cold?

Tooth Pain

If you take a gulp of cool water and notice a sharp pain, a sinus infection could be the reason. This is due to where your sinuses are located in your facial structure. The roots of your upper molars are close to your sinus cavities. So when your sinuses become infected and swollen, the resulting pain is often mistakenly believed to have originated in your teeth.

Easing Tooth Pain

How long does a sinus toothache last? Unless other factors contribute to your tooth pain, it should stop when your sinus infection goes away. While sinus infections — and the resulting toothaches — can be painful, the United States Mayo Clinic reassures patients that they usually clear up within seven to 10 days. If you don't feel better by such time, consult your doctor. Over-the-counter medications might offer some pain relief, but a physician will best be able to determine your course of treatment.

How do you relieve sinus pain in your teeth? In addition to seeing your doctor, you can try some at-home remedies outlined in Medline Plus, an online information service produced by the United States National Library of Medicine:

Use a warm compress on your face several times a day.

Increase your fluid intake as a means of thinning the mucus produced from your sinus infection.

Inhale steam from a hot shower several times a day.

Use a humidifier in your bedroom when sleeping.

While a sinus infection can be one cause of teeth pain, it's best to avoid toothaches altogether! That starts with regular check-ups with your dental professional. They will diagnose potential issues, such as cavities or gum problems, that could eventually lead to a toothache. Your dentist and dental hygienist can also help you develop a good oral care plan. This includes brushing twice a day, then flossing or cleaning between your teeth with a water flosser or other interdental cleaning device, and lastly, using mouthwash to rinse away any remaining germs.

We know you care about your oral health and take preventive measures seriously. So it can be frustrating to find out you have tooth pain from something outside your control. Toothaches can be painful, especially when they occur with a sinus infection, but there are ways to find relief. When at-home remedies haven't given you the sinus tooth pain relief you need, speak with your dental professional to find a treatment that works for you!

by Colgate

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What is Referred Tooth Pain?

Referred tooth pain is when you experience pain in a tooth that isn’t the source of the discomfort. For example, if you have a toothache on the right side of your mouth but also feel pain in your left ear, you may be experiencing referred tooth pain.

Referred tooth pain can have numerous causes, making it challenging to treat. Learn more about the causes of referred pain and when you should contact your dentist for a consultation.

How Does Referred Tooth Pain Happen?

When you experience tooth pain, it is crucial to understand where it comes from to determine the best course of treatment. Some potential causes of referred tooth pain include:


Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinuses caused by a viral, bacterial, or fungal infection. The sinuses and teeth share a common nerve pathway (the trigeminal nerve.) Pressure from sinus inflammation can compress the nerves leading to the teeth, causing referred tooth pain.

Vagus Nerve Irritation

The vagus nerve is a bundle of nerve fibers that travel from the brain through the face to the chest. One of the nerve fiber types contained within the vagus nerve is the general afferent (sensory) fibers, which detect and transmit pain.

If the vagus nerve is irritated or inflamed, it can send signals to the brain that are misinterpreted as pain in the neck and jaw.


In some cases, the pain from a headache may be referred to the teeth because of nerve irritation. When the muscles in the head and neck become tense, they can put pressure on the teeth and jaw, causing pain. Headaches can also trigger changes in blood flow that can lead to tooth pain.

Recent Fillings

When a filling is placed in a tooth, your dentist uses articulating paper and a dental drill to realign your bite. If your bite is not correctly aligned during treatment, it can change how the biting surfaces of the teeth come together, creating small areas of increased pressure on the teeth. The pressure irritates the dental nerves, leading to pain that radiates to other teeth.

Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia is a rare condition that can cause referred tooth pain. The trigeminal nerve sends signals from your face but also tells the muscles in charge of chewing and biting what to do. When there’s damage along this nerve route, some people experience discomfort near their jawline.

Heart or Lung Disease

Heart or lung disease is a rare cause of referred tooth pain, but it is possible. These conditions can cause a build-up of fluid in the tissues around the heart and lungs, putting pressure on the nerves that supply sensation to the teeth. This can lead to referred tooth pain.

Dental Abscess

A dental abscess is a pus-filled pocket that forms at the end of a tooth’s root or on the gums. Dental abscesses are one of the most common causes of referred tooth pain. Dental abscesses can be very painful and cause significant swelling, which radiates pain along the jaw to your other teeth. If a dental abscess is left untreated, it can lead to life-threatening sepsis.

by A Dental Place

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When To Receive Gum Abscess Treatment

The vast majority of gum or periodontal diseases are painless and rarely require urgent dental attention. The gum abscess is a common exception. Associated with pain that does carry a more pressing need, this acute problem will require a visit to a dentist to make the appropriate diagnosis and provide a form of gum abscess treatment that relieves your irritation. Other signs and symptoms of a gum abscess include swelling, redness, bleeding and pain when chewing.

Gingival Abscess

The first type is called a gingival abscess because it is contained in the area of the gum that is closest to the "neck" of the tooth. The tooth usually doesn't have preexisting pockets or bone loss, suggests the University of Medicine and Pharmacy of Târgu Mureș, and often catches inflammation caused by food or foreign-body impact into the gum area around this particular tooth.

Periodontal Abscess

The second and more advanced form of gum abscess is the periodontal abscess. This is associated with a tooth that already has a periodontal pocket and a degree of bone loss. Like the gingival abscess, however, it can also be caused by food or a foreign object impacted into the pocket around the tooth. Coming on its own as your gum problem worsens, this condition can still develop after a dental cleaning where germs still overgrow despite having recently received treatment in the area.

Making the Diagnosis

Your dentist will need to take an X-ray of the affected spot and, with a dental probe, check the gum pocket for pus, bleeding, swelling and pain. The nerve within the tooth will also need to be tested to make sure the abscess is not present due to the need for a root canal or because an existing root canal is reinfected. Tooth loss or fractures into the root are also possible in some situations.

How It's Treated

It's important that you receive gum abscess treatment not just to address what may have caused the condition, but also because it can lead to further bone loss around the tooth above it. This treatment will usually involve draining the abscess either through the gum pocket or from the outside of the gum with an incision. Local anaesthesia is usually required in these cases. Next, the tooth root needs to be cleaned to remove any food, tartar, foreign material or germs. This is done with a variety of dental instruments you may have seen used before. Lastly, depending on the severity of the problem, local or systemic antibiotics may be given to curb infection. Of course, pain medication may also be provided for lingering irritation or a younger individual.

Home Care

Prior to visiting your dentist, consider rinsing with warm salt water and a mouthwash. You may also need to brush or floss the area – aside from your twice-daily routine – to remove any foreign bodies or food that may still be stuck inside.

Ultimately, however, prevention is your best approach; see your dentist on a regular basis and use quality oral health products that keep any periodontal irritation from creeping up before it becomes too much to handle on your own.

by Colgate

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What´s Causing Your Cheek Biting

We've all experienced the sudden pain of biting the inside of our cheeks. Usually this is accidental and absolutely nothing to worry about. For some this could be a more regular occurrence and the sign of a more serious.

The reason why someone may bite the inside of their cheeks can vary drastically from person to person. A few of the more common causes are:

Just an accident

Often biting the cheeks is an annoying accident caused by a lack of concentration when chewing or when eating too fast. Whilst painful this generally isn’t something to worry yourself about.

Depression, stress, or anxiety

Similar to biting fingernails or grinding teeth, some will bite their cheeks as a reaction to feeling stressed or anxious. 

Wisdom teeth

Often wisdom teeth being deflected toward the cheek can cause you to bite your cheeks often. A poorly constructed crown can also be the culprit for this.

Chronic cheek biting

This is a psychological issue (known as morsicatio buccarum) and is a compulsive behaviour that repeatedly causes someone to bite the inside of their cheek. In some cases, this is a repetitive behaviour (BFRB) and a person may not even realise they’re doing this.

This can potentially cause painful sores and tears.  With BFRB-related cheek biting, a person may avoid social activity due to guilt or shame related to the condition in the hope no one will notice. 

At what point should a person seek treatment for cheek biting?

For accidental cheek biting, generally treatment won’t be required as the mouth heals itself quite quickly and only slight discomfort will be experienced.

For more regular cheek biting, you may want to discuss this with Paramount Dental Sydney as the issue could potentially have something to do with your teeth but a consultation would be required to diagnose properly and treatment may range anywhere from braces to tooth extraction to properly align your teeth.

If you suspect your cheek biting is related to BFRD, stress/anxiety or depression it may be worthwhile discussing this with your GP or even psychologist if you’re already seeing one. Simple treatment may be the key to eliminating the pain and frustration of cheek biting.

by Paramount Dental Sydney

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Have Your Teeth Had A Deep Clean Lately?

Dental hygiene can fight bad breath and prevent gum disease. So it’s important to regularly brush and floss, and see a dentist twice a year for routine dental cleanings.

Sometimes, though, a dentist will recommend deep teeth cleaning. Signs that you might need a deep cleaning include bleeding gums, receding gums, and loose teeth. But, sometimes life can get in the way of your ability to maintain optimal dental health.

When circumstances prevent you from maintaining the best possible oral health, you may benefit from a deep dental cleaning. At Tower Dental in Balwyn, our dentists often recommend deep cleanings for people who haven’t had professional cleanings every six months and need some extra care to bring their teeth and gums back to a healthier state. Read on to learn what a deep dental cleaning is and why you may need one. 

Your gums might have deep pockets

Unlike your favorite sweatshirt, if your gums have deep pockets, that’s not a good thing. When you don’t brush as often as you should, and you can’t remember the last time you had a professional cleaning, there’s a good chance plaque and tartar have built up on your teeth, especially along your gumline. After a while, the plaque can cause your gum tissue to pull away from your teeth and create pockets. 

Gum pockets are a breeding ground where bacteria can settle and form a sticky film of plaque. When this happens, your gums can become inflamed and pull away from your teeth. Once in the pockets, plaque can get trapped, and you won’t be able to remove it with brushing and flossing, or even a regular professional cleaning. 

To find out if you can benefit from a deep cleaning, our experienced dentist in Kew use a small dental probe to measure the area around your teeth and gums. Healthy gums have pockets that are no more than 3 millimeters deep. If a pocket measures 5 millimeters or more, the pocket is too deep for a regular dental cleaning. 

Dentist Deepdene

Gum disease and dental cleanings

Red, inflamed gums and gum pockets are the early signs of gum disease. If your dentist in Hawthorn catches it early enough, a regular professional cleaning may be able to get your mouth back into shape. But, if the plaque along your gums remains in the pockets, and your gums have been red and inflamed for a long time, the pockets can become deeper. 

At this point, the best way to remove the accumulated plaque buildup is with a deep cleaning that includes scaling and root planing. If you let the earliest stages of gum disease — called gingivitis — remain untreated, it can quickly progress to periodontitis — an irreversible form of gum disease that can lead to bone and tooth loss. 

Deep cleaning can help restore your mouth to optimal health

A deep cleaning has two parts: scaling and root planing. Scaling removes the plaque and tartar above and below your gumline. During the scaling process, your dentist in Camberwell cleans all the way to the bottom of the gum pockets to ensure that all the plaque is removed, so it can no longer cause gum irritation. 

Dentist Mont Albert

The next part — root planing — involves smoothing the roots of your teeth so your gums can reattach more easily. Scaling and root planing may take more than one visit depending on the severity of your condition. In some cases, you may need a local anesthetic to help keep you comfortable. 

by Tower Dental

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Do Cavities Cause Bad Breath?

Most people wake up in the morning with less than kissable breath. But when bad breath, also known as halitosis, interferes with your confidence and social life, it's time to figure out what's causing it. Do cavities cause bad breath? And is your oral care routine strong enough to keep bad breath away? Here's what may be causing your bad breath and how you can remedy it.

What Causes Bad Breath?

Bad breath results from bacteria accumulation in the mouth. According to a review in the Journal of Pharmacy & BioAllied Sciences (JPBS), when certain bacteria in the mouth interact with proteins in the saliva, it creates volatile sulfur compounds. The sulfur compounds are what we smell when we realize it's time to grab a mint. According to the JPBS review, bad breath can be caused by:

Poor oral hygiene that allows food debris to get trapped in the mouth

Gingivitis and periodontitis

Bacteria on the tongue

Ear, nose and throat problems, including tonsillitis and sinusitis

Dry mouth

Personal habits, such as smoking and drinking alcohol

Do Cavities Cause Bad Breath?

Cavities are small holes in the teeth where bacteria collect and eat away at the enamel. While cavities do not directly cause bad breath, they can contribute to it. Bacteria can get stuck and accumulate in the decay pockets, making it more difficult to keep your mouth clean and your breath fresh, explains the American Dental Association (ADA).

If you have bad breath, it does not mean you definitely have a cavity, but it's possible that you might. That's why it's important to maintain regular dental appointments and see your dentist right away if you suspect that you have a cavity or are experiencing tooth sensitivity or pain.

Manage Bad Breath and Cavities Like a Pro

One of the easiest ways to manage and prevent both bad breath and cavities is to practice good oral hygiene. Start with brushing twice a day. Brushing your teeth physically removes decay-causing bacteria and food particles. You should also floss daily to remove lingering bacteria and food particles hiding in between your teeth.

Keeping your mouth moist is important for fresh breath, too. A healthy saliva flow is one of the best defenses against bad breath, as it washes out the mouth, notes the ADA. Be sure to drink plenty of water and talk to your doctor about any possible contributing factors for dry mouth, such as taking certain medications.

Smoking is another contributor to bad breath, and it can also increase your risk for gum disease, explains the ADA. Ask your doctor for strategies to help you quit.

If you wear dentures or another oral appliance, the Mayo Clinic suggests cleaning them daily to prevent bad breath. Follow your dentist's specific directions for cleaning your appliance.

Finally, seeing your dentist regularly ensures that your mouth stays healthy. A professional teeth cleaning can remove bacteria and food that your toothbrush at home may miss. Your dental professional will also check for decay that may harbor bad bacteria. If they do detect any cavities, they can fill them to stop the decay from worsening.

Bad breath can be a real bummer. While cavities do not directly cause bad breath, you can prevent both bad breath and cavities by practicing good oral hygiene and seeing your dentist regularly.

by Colgate

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Tongue cleaner Tools And How To Use Them

Your mouth is home to millions of bacteria. According to the National Health Portal of India, if you don't brush and floss daily, food particles accumulate in between your teeth and on tongue; bacteria grow on the food left in your mouth and leave foul-smelling waste products (volatile sulphur compounds) behind, which lead to bad breath. . Bad breath is also associated with certain health issues.

Tongue Cleaning Tools

There are three tools to choose from when it comes to cleaning your tongue:

Tongue Scraper


Tongue Brush

Tongue Scraper

The tool of choice for most - a tongue scraper is a great way to clean the tongue. Today, you can buy scrapers made of metal or plastic. Place the edge of the tool on the back of your tongue and gently pull the scraper forward. This tongue cleaning method has been shown to remove odour-causing bacteria better than cleaning the tongue with a toothbrush.


Your toothbrush is a convenient tool that you can use to remove bacteria from your tongue. However, toothbrushes may not do as good a job at cleaning the tiny crevices on the surface of the tongue as a tongue scraper can do. Some toothbrushes are designed to have bristles on one side of the toothbrush head to clean the teeth and a special brush on the other side to clean the tongue.

Tongue Brush

A tongue brush is a specialty oral brush with bristles designed to clean out the tongue's small crevices. This relatively recent invention is very effective at removing odour-causing bacteria comparable to a traditional tongue scraper. Today, you can even find combination products, which have a toothbrush on one side and a tongue brush on the other.

How to Use a Tongue Scraper

A tongue scraper can be used to clean your tongue either before or after you brush your teeth. Your tongue is sensitive, so it's essential to be gentle and not press the cleaner too forcefully into your tongue. Here are a few more general cleaning tips:

Rinse your tongue cleaner before and after using it to remove bacteria and food debris.

Start cleaning at the back of your tongue, then pull your way to the front of the tongue.

Don't just clean down the centre of your tongue. It is essential to scrape and clean the entire top and side surfaces as well.

If you use a tongue brush, move it the same way recommended for the tongue scraper, from the back of the tongue to the tongue's front, while caring for the sides and centre of your tongue. You may have to use this method a few times to clean your entire tongue adequately.

Rinse the tongue brush or tongue scraper off after using it to remove bacteria and any food debris from the areas of the tongue you cleaned.

Rinse your mouth after cleaning your tongue.

Tongue cleaners are an inexpensive way to boost oral hygiene while helping to prevent bad breath. While using a tongue scraper may be a new venture for some, cleaning your tongue as part of your daily oral care routine can reinforce good oral habits and help improve your mouth's freshness.

by Colgate

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How To Maintain Fresh Breath Throughout The Day

As someone who’s always on the go — smartphone in one hand, coffee in the other — you’re often so busy you forget to take care of the things you can’t see (or smell). Your breath is just as important as the look of your teeth, and just because you hit the ground running every morning doesn't mean there's no time to maintain it. Here are some tips on how to keep your breath fresh during the day:

Live the 'Have Brush, Will Travel' Life

Brushing your teeth shouldn't be something you only do at home in the morning and before settling down at night. Ample opportunities exist throughout the day specifically to freshen your breath. Keep a toothbrush and tube of toothpaste with you at work so you can brush after lunch or a cup of coffee.

Remember that Water Works Wonders

Carrying around coffee can become routine when it doesn't have to be. Instead of toting java everywhere every day, load up your travel mug with water, which is often enough to wake the body up in the morning. Drinking lots of water prevents dehydration, and a lack of saliva in the mouth makes it a haven for bacteria and particles that can produce bad breath, according to Mayo Clinic. Be sure to drink water before, during and after exercise to provide fluids when you lose them the most.

Make Smart Food Choices

Eating out is popular because it’s so easy, especially with no food in the house. For others, eating on the go is a way of life. If you do either, choose your meals wisely. Strong, odorous foods like garlic and onions won't make you very popular after you're finished. Once you have consumed something that leaves your breath less than pleasant, chew on the parsley garnish from your meal. The parsley will help negate any foul smells emanating from your mouth.

Don't Forget the Oral Care

The above tips are great ways to keep your breath fresh when you’re away from home, but they aren’t substitutes for the basic dental care you should practice all the time. See your dentist twice a year for regular check-ups and cleanings. He or she can help you develop the right oral care plan for when odour-causing conditions crop up that you can't detect yourself.

Above all, your own plan should involve brushing two to three times a day and flossing once daily. Rinsing with a quality moutwash helps too. Doing so every morning and night will make this plan second nature when you're out of the house.

Everyone deals with bad breath at some point, but it doesn't have to be a chronic problem just because you lead a busy routine. Practice these tips when learning how to keep your breath fresh, and you'll be solely focused on making memories when special occasions roll around.

by Colgate

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A Proper Oral Hygiene Routine

We often talk about the importance of a good oral hygiene routine to ensure a happy and healthy mouth, but are we really maintaining a good routine? There are certain details we miss or often take for granted, so while we’re already putting in the time and effort, we might as well make sure we are covering it all.


Today’s market has oodles of toothpaste formulas to choose from.  Whether you’re looking for something with a specific taste, whitening agents or to help sensitivity, most of the products available are effective in fighting cavities.  Just be sure you choose a toothpaste that contains fluoride because this will help prevent enamel decay.


You should be brushing your teeth at least twice a day after meals for about 2 minutes at a time.  It’s also important to brush your teeth upon waking in the morning. Even if you’ve brushed your teeth the night before, bad bacteria can grow in your mouth overnight.  Follow these techniques for best brushing results:

The bristles of the toothbrush should be at a 45-degree angle against the gums

Move the brush back and forth in short strokes

Make sure to brush the outer, inner and chewing surface of all teeth

Brush your tongue to remove bacteria

Your brushing technique is more important than the type of brush you use, but in some cases a specific type of brush may suit your needs and the shape of your teeth better than another.  We’d be happy to talk with you about specific features that may be of personal benefit to you.


“Floss daily!” I’m sure you’ve heard that a time or two. Flossing removes food and plaque from cracks and crevices your tooth brush cannot reach.  So work it into a part of your day, preferably after the last meal of the day, where you can consistently take time to do a good job.  Proper technique includes:

Using a floss length of about 18 inches

Winding the floss around a finger on each hand and hold it tightly between your thumbs and pointing fingers

Using a gentle rubbing motion slowly moving up and down

Curving the floss in a c shape around the tooth and gently sliding it between the gum and tooth

Mouth Rinse

Some people like using a mouth rinse in addition to brushing and flossing.  Antimicrobial mouth rinses can help reduce risk of gingivitis and fluoride rinses can help prevent decay.  But not all rinses are right for every need, so it’s best to talk with us before incorporating a rinse into your daily routine.  We can advise on the type of rinse that would be best for you.

Good oral hygiene contributes to a happy healthy mouth.  Taking care of your teeth and gums on a daily basis will make a huge impact on your oral health.  In addition, schedule a professional cleaning and check-up twice a year.  At these appointments, our hygienists can instruct you on your brushing and flossing technique to make sure you are getting the most out of your time.  They will also point out any problem areas that may require extra attention. Together we can keep your mouth at it’s best. 

by David Mcguire, DDS

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How Better Oral Health Leads to Better Relationships

Oral health is extremely important for a healthy relationship. How happily intimate you are will be determined by your oral health.

Think about how it would be if you have poor oral hygiene?

Right from close conversation to kissing, some sort of reluctance will develop because of bad breath or poor oral health. It might go up to the disruption of the relationship.

Is it worth losing your partner just because you are not good at oral care? Or is it better to take professional support for maintaining oral hygiene?

Poor oral hygiene can truly create an unexpected disaster for your life. The destruction it can create is something beyond what you expect.

Let us see how oral hygiene can impact your relationships and why do we need to stress on the importance of dental hygiene.

Why is oral health important

When your oral hygiene is not good, you are not just risking your health, but also your partner’s health in terms of intimacy.

The oral cavity is full of bacteria, and teeth and gums are prone to infection.

When your hygiene is not good, you tend to transfer that infection to your partner.

In case if you have children, your poor oral hygiene will stop you from getting too close to them.

Read along to know about the importance of oral health, and how badly it can impact your life in various ways if you do not take it seriously.

The inapt upbringing of children

As a parent, it is significant to maintain proximity with your kids. This gives a feeling of oneness.

This gives a sort of secure feel, comfort, boldness, and helps to bloom happiness within the family.

A child is a future adult, and the healthy upbringing of a kid’s life depends on how happy they are in this early phase of life.

When you fail to comfort your child at this point, you are raising an arrogant or submissive person.

Psychologically, the glow of a child depends on their parents’ moral support. You could be shattering your kid’s future just because of your poor oral hygiene.

Partner’s discomfort

The relationship with your partner could take a drastic turn because of your poor dental hygiene.

Initially, it will start with hesitation to get closer. Later, it could turn into irritation and land-up with unwanted quarrels.

And remember, in this case, you are forcing your partner to lose their tolerance.

You may not realize the actual cause of such changes. But when you start realizing that your poor oral health is the real culprit, you could get too late to revert the irreversible damages created.

Unsuccessful dating

In most instances, you might end up with unsuccessful dating because of bad breath. Imagine kissing someone with bad breath!

Dating is meant to attract your partner. Unfortunately, if you have poor oral hygiene, your partner would not be comfortable approaching you, either to kiss or at least to talk.

Despite having other virtues, you might become unattractive and annoying, just because of poor dental hygiene.

Without correcting this core problem, it would be difficult for you to find your soulmate successfully.

And you would definitely not like to miss out on finding a good partner just because of your ignorance towards oral health!

Loss of self-confidence

Unknowingly, you could be forced to lose your confidence because of halitosis. You could be afraid to talk in public and try to maintain social distancing or turn up to be an introvert.

You may try to hide your mouth whenever smiling or talking.

You will become more conscious and try to control your laughter. But never forget that laughter is the best therapy to reduce stress.

Rather than controlling being yourself, you shall make efforts to rectify poor oral hygiene. Such low self-esteem will badly hinder your personality. 

Trouble during pregnancy

Firstly, your efforts to get pregnant might get delayed because of poor oral care. The unhealthy oral environment can affect the possibility of getting pregnant due to the presence of prolonged inflammation.

Secondly, it is also found that poor oral hygiene is linked to preterm birth and low-birth-weight of the baby. If you are an expecting mother, it is highly important to take care of your oral health.

Infection from the gums enters the bloodstream and affects the fetus’s growth.

From pre-term birth to low birth weight, the mother’s unhygienic oral health could be held responsible. A newborn baby is the bundle of joy for any family.

But when a baby is born with such health ailments, it will morally affect all around you.

Unhealthy family circumstances will trouble each one in your family. Such negative impacts will certainly disturb everyone’s future.

by Dr Sonal Bhoot

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What Is A Gingivectomy And When Should You Need One

The American Dental Association estimates that periodontal disease affects nearly half of Americans over the age of 30. Also known as gum disease, periodontal disease causes inflammation of the tissues supporting and holding the teeth in place.

One of the rare oral care procedures that can reverse the effects of gum disease is gingivectomy.

Gingivectomy is used to treat gum disease when root planing and scaling are no longer effective. This procedure treats the consequences of periodontal disease or addresses a gum problem that affects the teeth’ supporting structures.

Read on to find out more about this oral surgery procedure.

What Is a Gingivectomy?

A gingivectomy, also known as crown lengthening, is a form of oral surgery that involves removing gums in a minimally invasive to moderately invasive manner. The technique controls tissue overgrowth and improves the appearance of teeth by removing the gingiva.

The majority of people get gingivectomies only when they become adults. A gingivectomy is the best treatment option to make your smile look as it should.

This holds if you’ve taken drugs (such as some forms of blood pressure pills) or undergone hormonal changes (such as pregnancy gingivitis) that cause your gums to become bigger and look unnatural.

Others discuss obtaining one with their dentist as they have a gummy smile that causes their teeth to appear short.

Getting a gingivectomy instead of a more expensive aesthetic procedure is a less intrusive and more cost-effective option. As long as the procedure is done with a laser, you should notice spectacular effects the same day.

Candidate for gingivectomy

A dentist may recommend gingivectomy for those experiencing a gum recession as a result of:

gum injury

gum injury infections caused by bacteria



A dentist may offer a gingivectomy to anyone with gum disease to prevent further damage. It also makes it easier for your dentist to clean your teeth.

Gum disease frequently results in holes at the base of the teeth. These gaps can lead to the accumulation of:





Further damage can result from these buildups.

If your dentist discovers an infection or gum disease during a cleaning or dental care check-up and wants to stop it from progressing, he or she may propose this operation.

Gingivectomy Procedure

A gingivectomy takes between 30 minutes to one hour, depending on the amount of gum tissue removed by your dentist.

Minor operations involving one tooth or a few teeth will most likely just require one appointment. Major gum contouring or removal may need multiple visits— particularly if your dentist wishes to let one area heal before moving on to the next.

The following is how the procedure works:

To numb the area, the dentist injects a local anesthetic into the gums.

The dentist performs a soft tissue incision using a laser tool or a scalpel to cut away sections of gum tissue.

During the process, your dentist will most likely use a suction tool to remove extra saliva from your mouth.

The dentist may use a laser tool to vaporize excess tissue and sculpt the gumline after the tissue has been taken away.

As you heal, your dentist applies a soft dough-like substance and bandages to the area for gum protection.

How do scalpel and laser procedures compare?

Gingivectomy can be done in a number of ways, but the most common ones are with a scalpel or a laser. For many years, small surgical blades and other periodontal surgical instruments were used to cut the tissue and move the gingival margin into a better position during a gingivectomy.

Scalpel is easy to use, cuts cleanly with clear edges, wounds heal quickly, and there is no damage to the surrounding tissue. Scalpels have some drawbacks, like the need for anesthesia, bleeding that makes it hard to see, and the fact that the cut isn’t sterilized.

Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation is what LASER stands for. Whether to do a traditional gingivectomy with a scalpel or a laser gingivectomy depends on a lot of different things.

In one study, they compared the two methods. First of all, with laser gingivectomy, the surgery was easier and took less time than with traditional gingivectomy.

In the traditional gingivectomy, there was bleeding, but there was less blood in the laser procedure. With laser gingivectomy, you need less anesthesia.

In laser gingivectomy, the pain after the surgery was less than in conventional gingivectomy. This could be because the heat from the laser shuts down the pain receptors, and the coagulation process makes the wound dry and less likely to get infected.

What To Expect After Surgery

You may have bleeding and swelling, as well as chapped lips or bruising, following your gingivectomy. You should use an ice pack every 15 minutes during the first two days to help with swelling. After the third day, you can use a heat pack every 20 minutes. Keeping your head raised will also help reduce swelling.

For the first 48 hours post-surgery, you may notice that your saliva appears pink. You should avoid eating hot meals and rinse your mouth to reduce bleeding. The bleeding will continue if you eat hot foods or rinse your mouth.

Gingivectomy Recovery and Healing Time

Most people recover quickly from a gingivectomy. Here’s what to anticipate.

The First Few Hours

You shouldn’t have to wait to go home. Most of the time, your dentist will only use local anesthesia, so you should be able to drive yourself home.

You might not feel pain right away, but as the anesthesia wears off a few hours after the procedure, the pain might get worse or last longer. Pain relievers like acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) that you can buy without a prescription may help.

Your gums may bleed for a few days as well. Change any bandages or dressings until the bleeding stops or your dentist says you can show your gums again.

Before sending you home, your dentist or a dental assistant should show you how to change your bandages or dressings. If they didn’t tell you how to do it or if you’re not sure what to do, call their office and ask.

The Next Few Days

You might have pain in your jaw. Your dentist will probably tell you to only eat soft foods while your gums are healing so that you don’t hurt or irritate them.

If pain or irritation in your cheeks makes its way into your mouth, try putting a cold compress on them.


After about a week, the pain and soreness will go away. Go back to the dentist to make sure the area is healing well and that you can go back to eating normally.

Lastly, keep your teeth in good shape. Don’t smoke, brush and floss your teeth twice a day, and eat less sugary foods.

How much does gingivectomy cost?

The price of a gingivectomy may vary.

The skilled team at Brownstone Dental is well known for providing the best dental care to the whole Houston community. For the entire family, we provide great dental care as well as a low cost of support.

Contact us right away to receive a more thorough pricing breakdown for your gingivectomy!

How do gingivectomy and gingivoplasty compare?

Gum tissue is removed during both operations. A gingivectomy removes diseased gum tissue that is around a gum pocket, whereas a gingivoplasty is performed to restructure gum tissue, typically for cosmetic purposes.

This is the fundamental distinction between the two surgeries. Gingivectomy and gingivoplasty can be combined, and in some circumstances, a gingivectomy can be used for cosmetic operations.

When to See a Dentist

If you think you might benefit from a gingivectomy, talk to your dentist. Some people receive a gingivectomy following braces only when advised by their orthodontist. Dental professionals can inform you if the operation is right for you and explain the benefits and drawbacks.

The most important advantage of a gingivectomy is that it improves your oral health. Preventative care check-ups are, of course, your best bet for avoiding these operations. Your dentist will be able to detect any potential problems early on, potentially preventing you from getting gum disease.

by Brown Stone Dental

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Five Signs You Need To See A Dentist

While most people know that visiting a dentist twice a year is a good rule of thumb, there are some situations that may call for an extra visit. Seeing your dentist every six months will help them detect problems before they become serious and keep your teeth and gums in top shape. But if you are experiencing any of the following, it may be time to schedule an appointment.

1. Tooth pain

If you notice new and unusual pain in your gums or inside your mouth, this could be a sign of an infection. Generally speaking, the pain won’t go away on its own and needs professional medical attention before it will get better. Your dentist will be able to evaluate the swollen or painful area and decide what treatment option to pursue.

2. White spots in your mouth

White spots can appear on your teeth and gums and may signal a more serious problem. If they are on your teeth, this may be a sign that you are developing cavities. If you notice them on your gums, this is likely a sign of an infection that may be affecting the root of the tooth. Do not play with or poke these spots. Instead, see your dentist as soon as possible.

3. Dry mouth

Having a dry mouth that doesn’t get better even after drinking copious amounts of water is another reason to make a dentist appointment. Dry mouth could be caused by diabetes, snoring, or even a stroke. It can sometimes be attributed to certain medications. Treating dry mouth is also important for preventing other dental problems like bad breath and gum disease.

4. Bleeding after brushing your teeth

If you notice blood on your teeth or gums after brushing your teeth and flossing, this could be an early sign of gum disease. It is important to treat this before it becomes a serious problem because gum disease can cause tooth loss as well as bad breath.

5. Inflamed gums

Gum disease can affect anyone, even people with a healthy dental routine. When plaque builds up on your gums, they can become red and inflamed, which is an early sign of gum disease. Your dentist will be able to identify the problem and recommend an oral health routine to put you back on track.

by Babylon Dentl Care

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Can I Drink Coffee After A Tooth Extraction?

Many of us love our caffeine fix first thing in the morning. Whether it's black coffee, a vanilla latte, or your standard iced skinny hazelnut macchiato, extra shot, light ice, and no whip. But — you may have to push pause on your order for a few days after getting your tooth pulled. While it's a very common and simple dental procedure, you'll need to properly care for yourself and follow your dentist's instructions to heal. So, should you drink coffee after a tooth extraction? The answer is — no, you should not. You should help your mouth on its way to a quick recovery so you can quickly get through the drive-thru coffee line.

How To Reduce Risk of Complications

When you hear the term "blood clot," it may not conjure up any pleasant thoughts. But they are necessary and help the healing after tooth extraction. However, according to the Mayo Clinic, when a blood clot doesn't develop before your wound heals as it should, a dry socket occurs. This can lead to considerable pain, discomfort, and a bad taste in your mouth. Drinking coffee increases the risk of a dry socket. Therefore, it's smart to turn off the coffee maker for a few days.

What to Eat and Drink After Tooth Removal

What your body consumers post-procedure influences the effectiveness and length of your recovery. So following your dentist's recommendation is vital. The University of Utah has created instructions for your entire week following the extraction. It features recommendations, tips, and what to expect, like plenty of water and a small meal upon arriving home. Soft and bland foods (eggs, mashed potatoes, cottage cheese, etc.) are always smart. It's also wise to continue to hydrate over the next few days, but not with hot beverages like coffee.

When Is It Safe to Drink Coffee?

Assuming your healing and recovery process is going swimmingly, you'll want to wait at least 5 days to reintroduce coffee back into your diet, says the University of Utah. But slowly and in small amounts. Within 2 weeks, your swelling should be minimal, and your cup of joe intake can return to its normal consumption level. Contact your dentist if you have any questions or if anything feels off.

How to Promote Healing

Diet is one key element in your healing. There are many other things you should do to make your recovery as smooth as possible. You should:

Be smart and stay away from anything that could prevent healing

Avoid tobacco, alcohol, and vigorous rinsing

Don't use a straw for 24 hours

Gently rinse with warm salt water after 24 hours

Apply a cold cloth or an ice bag for swelling

Brush and floss regularly but avoid the extraction area

Take any medications (if prescribed) as directed

So now you know if you should drink coffee after tooth extraction. And you know when you should drink coffee after tooth extraction. The key is allowing and helping your mouth to heal so you can drink coffee again. It just requires a little patience — and then you can return to your regular caramel latte, 3-pump, skim milk, lite water, no foam, extra hot drinking habits.

by Colgate

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Teeth Pain Medicine: What Are Your Options?

When a toothache strikes, treating the pain is top of mind. The first course of action is to make an appointment with your dentist to diagnose the cause and treat your pain. But for fast relief at home in the interim, here are some toothache medicine options that may alleviate the symptoms.

Common Causes of Toothaches

Your teeth and mouth are vulnerable to many issues that cause toothaches:

Sharp pain or a dull ache may accompany a cavity.

Extended throbbing may mean you are suffering from an infection or abscess in your tooth or gums.

You might mistake intense sinus pressure for a painful toothache. Mucous accumulation in your sinuses can create pressure on one or more of your upper teeth.

Gingivitis, which can lead to gum disease, can create areas that are sore around your teeth and gums.

Over-the-Counter Toothache Medicine

Depending on your symptoms, over-the-counter (OTC) medicine and temperature treatments are some ways you can help ease toothache pain while you're awaiting professional care.

Benzocaine is a topical anesthetic that temporarily soothes and relieves pain on the treated area. When spread over teeth and gums, the numbing sensation can decrease sore gum pain, the pang of a toothache and sinus-related toothache pressure. However, according to the FDA, benzocaine should not be used for children younger than 2 years old.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a safe way to alleviate tooth pain from cavities, gum disease or sinus pressure in the short-term. Some NSAIDs are available OTC. They not only cut the sharp pain accompanying a cavity, but also help reduce inflammation. You can decrease your inflammation, a painful symptom of sinusitis, gingivitis and abscessed teeth, with aspirin, ibuprofen or naproxen. However, NSAIDs shouldn't be used for more than 10 days without talking to your doctor.

Whereas NSAIDs act as a pain reliever and an inflammation and fever reducer, acetaminophen works as a pain reliever and fever reducer but doesn't treat inflammation. Because of its pain-relieving properties, acetaminophen is a good first line of pain defense for the sharp twinge accompanying the onset of a cavity as well as the extended throbbing that can often follow.

Home Remedies for Treating Oral Pain

Oftentimes, medicinal home remedies can help decrease pain in conjunction with OTC pain medicine.

When sinus pressure leads to a toothache, try a hot, steamy shower to help loosen the mucus buildup in your cheeks and relieve pressure on your teeth. Likewise, keep a cold ice pack on hand to numb the feeling of pressure on your upper teeth.

As an alternative to benzocaine, you may want to try clove oil, another numbing agent. You can apply clove oil directly on your pulsating tooth abscess or inflamed gums to bring quick relief.

Solution for Long-term Relief

If you feel your tooth beginning to ache or your gums becoming sore, pain relievers are only a stopgap until you can see your dentist. Keep in mind that delaying treatment may only worsen the underlying condition. Maintain your dental health by brushing twice daily with a toothpaste which repairs early teeth and gum damage, flossing once per day, and scheduling six-month checkups to catch potential problems before they become painful.

by Colgate

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Dental Mistakes You Might Be Making Which You Need To Fix Today

Dental hygiene is considered to be one of the most foremost parts of your everyday routine. Not paying attention to your teeth and gums can lead to a of dental as well as other health problems. Dental problems do not only create problems in mouth which includes cavities and gums diseases but also on other parts of the body which include heart diseases, diabetes and even stroke.

That is the reasons doctors recommend to take utmost care of your dental health.

Here is a list of 5 dental mistakes you might be making and how to fix them:

Not brushing long enough

Brushing is a very important part of our daily routine and if we are not giving it enough time, it will give dental problems like cavities in the longer run. Dentists recommend that brushing your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time is the ideal time. Brushing for 2 minutes and cleaning all the hard to reach places ensures proper cleanup of your mouth.




Not replacing your toothbrush frequently

Toothbrushes also come with an expiry date but very few people know that. Old toothbrush can hold lot of bacteria and cause harm to the teeth and mouth. The more you use an old toothbrush, the less effective it gets with time. Dentists recommend toothbrush should be replaced after every 3-4months on a verge, or if you notice any bending or frying, then also they should be replaced. 

Brushing too vigorously

Brushing is an art which if not done properly can cause dental problems like bleeding in gums. Applying the right amount of pressure is the key to proper brushing. Best brushing includes removing all the food particles and plaque from your teeth. According to dentists, holding the toothbrush with just three fingers is the best way for brushing. and if there is sensitivity then using the toothbrush with soft bristles.

Brushing only the teeth and not gums and tongue

Brushing is processes which not only requires cleaning your teeth but also tongue and gums, because bacteria and germs are scattered everywhere in the mouth. Ignoring cleaning tongue and gums can help germs stay in the mouth and start the decaying process. When brushing clean your tongue with tongue cleaner or with toothbrush only and for gums, massage them with small and gentle circles with your toothbrush.

Brushing at wrong times

 There is an assumption that brushing right after eating or drinking can remove all the bacteria from the mouth but that is totally wrong an assumption. Brushing right after eating or drinking something acidic can harm the enamel on your teeth, as brushing can cause further pushing the acid further into your teeth enamel. It is advised by the doctor to at least wait for 30mintues before your brush or rinses your mouth with water. 

by Doctor NDTV

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Building Better Oral Habits

It can be difficult to remember to brush after every meal and floss every night, yet the reasons to take good care of our teeth are countless.

Poor dental hygiene can lead to many problems that can be costly to treat like cavities, gum disease and discolored teeth. A healthy mouth also means a healthy and bright smile. The benefits of a good dental hygiene routine far outweigh the effort involved. Here are some tips on building better oral habits!

30 Days is Key

Did you know that studies show that it takes 30 days to build a habit? It may feel impossible that all the things you endeavor to do could simply feel natural and become an easy daily routine, but simple repetition of an action or task over time creates grooves in your brain so that it can almost seem to run on automatic. This works for both negative and positive habits, so the key is to keep practicing your desired habits for at least 30 days!

You’re Better at Building Habits Than You Know

You may have thought in the past that you weren’t very good at building habits, but we all build habits every day without knowing it. Have you ever been driving home from work and not known how you arrived home already, not been able to remember the last few landmarks or turns? That is because you have done this so many times that your brain has developed the grooves to make its processes more and more efficient.

The science behind how our minds develop habits is good news because it means that habits are not outside our control, we get to choose our habits to be the things we want to do, too. You’re better at building habits than you might have thought, so why not start building better oral habits? Here are some tips.

Remember, Don’t Forget!

The main thing we need when starting out with new habits is reminders. Set up some cues or reminders to help you remember to brush your teeth after meals, before bed, and to include all the habits you’d like to develop such as brushing for a full 2 minutes and using floss and mouthwash once a day.

Ideas for reminders can range from putting a note in your phone’s to-do list or calendar, setting an alarm on your clock, posting some sticky notes on the mirror in the bathroom, or wearing a reminder such as a bracelet to cue your brain to the task when you see it.

There are even more creative options, too, such as giving your cat or dog a treat at a certain time every day when you are also supposed to complete a task. Once they get used to this, they won’t fail to remind you if you forget!

It’s All About the Tools

If you’ve gotten discouraged in the past about building better oral habits, don’t lose heart! You may have just not had the right tools to build the habits you wanted to. There are options available that might make things easier like flossing picks and interdental brushes to use instead of regular dental floss. Better tools with advanced features such as an electric toothbrush with a brushing app for your phone can also help to ensure your habits really are improving, and give you daily feedback and tips to help!

Talking to your dentist at your next exam may be helpful as well for making a plan towards building better oral habits in the future. An exam and cleaning can be a great launching pad to help you get started with your new commitment because you will want to maintain the clean, smooth feeling of your freshly polished teeth.

by Perfect Smile Tulsa

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Dental Caries: Signs And Symptoms Of Tooth Decay You Must Watch Out For

Dental caries commonly known as tooth decay or cavity is one of the common dental issues. According to WHO, Dental caries is a major public health problem globally and is the most widespread non-communicable disease (NCD). In tooth decay, the outer layer or the enamel of the tooth gets damaged and develop into tiny holes and openings. There are multiple factors responsible for this condition. Some of these are bacterial infections, too much consumption of sugary foods and drinks, frequent snacking, poor oral hygiene, dry mouth, some eating disorders and acid reflux disorders.

Dental caries or tooth decay: Know the signs and symptoms

Cavities start small and gradually become bigger. Noticing the signs and symptoms of dental caries can help seek adequate treatment on time. Here are some warning signs and symptoms of dental caries you must watch out for.

1. Tooth stains

The initial sign of tooth decay may appear as a white spot that darkens with time into brown-black stains or tooth discolouration.

2. Pit or hole

When left untreated, pot or hole occurs on or around the stained area which in severe cases may lead to a fracture in the tooth.

3. Sensitivity to hot or cold

The enamel of the tooth starts to wear due to decay which results in exposure of the dentin layer present below enamel. Exposure of dentin to hot or cold food may stimulate nerve endings leading to unpleasant sensation in the tooth.

You may experience sensitivity to hot and cold as a sign of cavitiesPhoto Credit: iStock

4. Sensation to sweet

Just like hot or cold food sensitivity, sweet food may also lead to unpleasant lingering sensation in the tooth.

5. Toothache or abscess

When left untreated tooth decay invades the pulp of the tooth (soft tissue of tooth comprising nerve endings and blood vessels). Pulp exposure then leads to severe pain and even abscess formation in advanced cases.

If you experience any of these symptoms with toothache, then you must visit to your dentist.

by Doctor NDTV

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Tooth Pain When You Bite Down On It: Causes and Treatments

There are many reasons that you can feel pain in your tooth when you bite down. A range of conditions causes this kind of toothache, including cavities and damage to the teeth, sinus infection, and gum disease.

In addition to causing sharp stabs of pain when chewing or putting pressure on the tooth, these issues can lead to tooth loss and other problems.

This article looks at the conditions that lead to a painful bite, when to get help, and treatment options.

Why Does My Tooth Hurt When I Bite Down?

Most often, pain when you bite down, is caused by complications of poor oral hygiene or damage to the tooth. It can also arise from sinus pressure caused by infection. The following are common causes of tooth pain.


The most common causes of a painful bite are cavities (holes in the teeth caused by tooth decay). According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), approximately 90% of adults over 20 have had at least one cavity. This issue occurs when the hard outer shell of teeth (tooth enamel) erodes when bacteria in plaque feed on sugars in your mouth.

Cavities can affect any part of the tooth; in cases of gum recession due to gum disease, the roots of the teeth can also be affected. It’s essential to treat cavities as they can progress to more serious issues, including infection and tooth loss.

Cracked Tooth or Other Injury

Tooth pain when you bite down can also arise from physical damage. Loosened or cracked teeth have many causes, including:

Accidents or falls


Natural wear and tear

Bruxism (teeth grinding)

Chewing on ice or very hard foods


Periodontitis, or periodontal disease, is an advanced form of gingivitis in which the infection causes the gums to pull away from the teeth, and the underlying bone starts to lose mass and weaken. The toothache occurs from loosening teeth and decay that commonly results from this condition.

Periodontitis is very common, affecting nearly half of American adults over 30. It's a progressive condition and a significant driver of tooth loss.


When properly aligned, the upper teeth should hang over the lower set, and the molars should interlock. If they aren’t lined up, a condition known as malocclusion, they can become worn down and damaged, and their stability can be affected. This can lead to loosened teeth, cracking, tooth decay, and an increased risk of gingivitis and periodontitis, all of which are associated with tooth pain.

Loose Filling or Crown

Dental fillings to repair cavities or dental crowns—specialized caps placed over damaged teeth—can also be at the root of tooth pain.

If these are loose, poorly fitting, or broken, the underlying structures can be impacted, causing discomfort when biting. This arises due to natural wear and tear, poor fit, dental infection, tooth decay under a crown, or teeth grinding.

Abscessed Tooth

Tooth decay, periodontitis, and damage to the teeth can cause the tooth's pulp to become inflamed and die.

This can lead to the formation of an abscess—a pocket of thicker fluid or pus—where the teeth meet the bone. This painful, serious condition can spread the infection to the bone, teeth, and surrounding tissues if untreated.

Pulp Necrosis

A common result of tooth decay is pulpitis, an infection of the pulp, which is the nerve and blood vessel-filled tissue surrounding the tooth root. This can lead to the death of these tissues, a condition called pulp necrosis.

Pulp necrosis can cause pain upon biting and lead to tooth abscess, among other serious dental issues.  

Pain in your teeth when biting can also be a complication of gum disease or gingivitis. Characterized by bleeding and inflammation in the gums and bad breath, this is a bacterial infection of the tissues surrounding bones and teeth.

Treatment For a Tooth That Hurts With Pressure

As with other dental issues, the specific treatment for tooth pain depends on the underlying cause. Dentists, dental specialists, and healthcare providers employ a range of treatments to take care of this issue.


The specific treatment for a cavity depends on the scope of the damage and tooth decay. Several treatments may help, including the following:

Dental fillings: This is the standard approach to typical, unadvanced cavities. The dentist removes decayed tooth enamel and fills the gap with dental cement or composite material.

Root canal: If the cavity has caused infection of the pulp, the dentist performs a root canal. The affected tissue is removed, and the inside of the tooth is thoroughly cleaned out. Then, a temporary filling is placed, and time is given for recovery before the permanent restoration is put in place.

Extraction: In severe cases, the tooth's pulp can't be saved, and your dentist may recommend pulling the tooth out. Following a dental extraction, you may need a dental implant or bridge to replace it.   

Cracked Tooth or Other Injury

Dental procedures can be highly successful in repairing cracked or chipped teeth, which can treat toothache and other symptoms. Among the procedures considered are the following:

Dental bonding: The dentist uses a specialized resin to fill in the crack or chip, repairing damage and restoring the tooth's shape.

Veneers: In some cases, a thin porcelain or plastic shell (veneer) can be placed over the damaged tooth, permanently restoring it.

Dental crowns: A crown is a customized cap that can be placed over the remaining parts of damaged or cracked teeth. It's color-matched and shaped to fit in with the surrounding teeth.


If the alignment of teeth is causing pain or otherwise affecting the health of the teeth, orthodontic treatments can help. The most common approaches include the following:

Braces or aligners: Your orthodontist may try to use clear or metal braces, brackets wired to put pressure on teeth to fix their alignment. Retainers, or other types of wearable aligners, may also be used.

Tooth removal: If the malocclusion is due to overcrowding of the teeth, tooth extraction may be considered. Once the tooth is removed, surrounding teeth migrate to fill up the space, which can fix the alignment issues.

Reshaping teeth: In some cases, the cosmetic dentist can file down, cap, or reshape teeth to fix their alignment. Veneers or dental crowns may also be used to support this work.

Jaw surgery: Very rarely, the position of the teeth needs to be adjusted by shortening, lengthening, or otherwise altering the shape of the jaw. The bone must sometimes be reinforced with a screw, wire, or plate. 


More advanced gum disease, periodontitis, is progressive and irreversible. This condition is linked to tartar—a hardened, calcified plaque on the teeth—which can only be removed through dental procedures.

Chief among these is scaling and root planing, also known as deep cleaning. Scaling involves physically removing tartar from above and below the gum line, while root planing works to remove pockets of plaque near the tooth root.

Loose Filling or Crown

Generally, loose fillings or crowns can be easily repaired. If a filling becomes loose or falls out, the dentist can often cement it back into place or replace it. However, additional treatments, such as a root canal, may be needed if tooth decay is beneath the filling.

Similarly, dental crowns can be put back in place with a simple procedure if the underlying tooth structure isn’t affected by decay or damage.

Abscessed Tooth

Combatting the infection at the cause of the abscessed tooth is the primary goal of treating this condition. Specific approaches depend on the cause of the issue and can include:

Taking antibiotics to kill bacteria

Draining the fluids from the abscess to ease pressure and promote healing

Scaling and root planing to clean spaces between the gums and teeth

Root canal if the infection is due to tooth decay or damage

Pulp Necrosis

Endodontists—dentists that specialize in treating pulp—can treat pulp necrosis in several ways, including:

Fillings: Dental fillings may be needed to treat any cavities at the root of the infection. It can be restored or replaced if a loose filling is at fault.

Root canal: In a root canal, the dentist removes infected pulp tissues, disinfects, and cleans the tooth out in an initial appointment. In the second one, they fill in and restore the tooth.

Pulpectomy: This procedure involves removing irreversibly affected pulp through a small hole drilled into the tooth. This may be done alongside a root canal.

Dental implants: In severe cases, the tooth may need to be extracted and replaced with a prosthetic. This can be a dental implant or bridge.

When To See a Dentist

If you’re experiencing pain when biting down on food, you should have your teeth checked out. Signs that prompt a call to a provider include:

Pain and symptoms lasting 48 or more hours

Pain medications aren’t easing the pain

Fever, bright red gums

Swelling in the cheek or jaw

If your tooth pain is accompanied by swelling around the eye, neck, or mouth, or you have difficulty breathing, go to the emergency room.

by Very Well Health

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How Acidic Foods and Drinks Can Impact Your Gum Health

Is it hard to go through your day without a couple of sodas or glasses of orange juice? If so, you need to be concerned about how these acidic beverages are affecting your mouth.

Consuming a lot of acid can lead to acid erosion of the enamel, and when this erosion occurs at the gum line, your entire mouth may be at risk of damage.

Signs that You’re Consuming Too Much Acid

Acid comes in a variety of forms – carbonated drinks, wine, juices, citrus fruits, and sugar, to name a few. When you consume too many acidic foods, you could begin to start noticing signs of erosion. Some of the earliest signs include:

Discoloration. During the early phases of erosion, your teeth will yellow. This occurs when the enamel layer thins out, exposing the underlying dentin.

Sensitivity. Once that enamel starts to wear away, you could feel pain when you eat hot or cold items. Sensitivity will increase as more enamel wears away, and excess acid can also leave the gums feeling inflamed and sore.

Later signs may include pain, cracks, and decay.

How the Gums Are Affected

As acid erosion wears away at your teeth, decay is often the result. This leads to problems with the gums, including gingivitis and possibly more advanced forms of gum disease. Symptoms of gum disease may include:

Swollen or red gums.

Gums that are tender and bleed easily.

Painful or difficulty chewing.

Bad breath that won’t go away.

Receding gums and teeth that appear to elongate.

Loose teeth and teeth that fall out.

Fortunately, there are ways to keep your mouth safe. Be sure to brush twice daily, floss regularly, and rinse your mouth out with water after you consume acidic foods or drinks. Also, visit your dentist regularly for your periodic cleanings. We’ll help to minimize the damage of acid.

by East Main Dental Center, LLP

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Tongue Cracks: Symptoms and Causes

A fissured tongue is benign but may need extra oral care to remove debris. If cracks hurt or develop sores, it may be due to another health condition that needs medical attention.

When you look in the mirror and stick out your tongue, do you see cracks? You could be one of the 5 percent of the U.S. population who has a fissured tongue.

A fissured tongue is a benign (noncancerous) condition. It’s recognized by one or more deep or shallow cracks — called grooves, furrows, or fissures — on the top surface of your tongue. A fissured tongue is also called:

cracked tongue

lingua plicata

scrotal tongue

Symptoms of a fissured tongue

The symptoms of a fissured tongue are cracks on top surface of the tongue. Sometimes they extend to the tongue’s edges. The depth and size of the cracks or fissures vary. They may or may not be connected.

Debris can sometimes get trappedTrusted Source in the cracks of deep grooves. As such, people with tongue cracks are encouraged to brush the top surface of their tongue to remove any debris. This will also help prevent irritation or infection from occurring.

What causes tongue cracks?

Doctors don’t know why tongue cracks form. It’s believed to be hereditary. Sometimes a fissured tongue is seen alongside:

Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome

orofacial granulomatosis

Down syndrome

A fissured tongue has been associated with geographic tongue and psoriasis, especially pustular psoriasis.

What is geographic tongue?

People with a fissured tongue sometimes also have a condition known as geographic tongue. It’s also called benign migratory glossitis.

Geographic tongue is a harmless inflammatory condition that affects the tongue’s surface. Usually, the entire surface of the tongue is covered with small, pink-white bumps. But with geographic tongue, patches of those tiny bumps are missing. These patches are smooth and red, sometimes with slightly raised borders.

Geographic tongue doesn’t indicate infection or cancer. It typically doesn’t cause health problems.

What is pustular psoriasis?

Pustular psoriasis is a very uncommon form of psoriasis. It’s the most severe form. It can cover the body with a combination of painful red skin and raised bumps fill with pus.

Treatment is focused on relieving symptoms. It may include phototherapy and medication, such as:





If you have cracks in your tongue, you might have a fissured tongue. It’s not a health risk, but consider brushing your tongue to make sure debris doesn’t get stuck in the cracks.

If your tongue is painful or has lesions alongside tongue cracks, discuss your symptoms with your doctor. They can help you find treatment to get relief.

by healthline

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Types Of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease (also known as periodontitis and gum disease) is a progressive disease which affects the supporting and surrounding tissue of the gums, and also the underlying jawbone. If left untreated, periodontal disease can result in loose, unstable teeth, and even tooth loss. Periodontal disease is in fact the leading cause of tooth loss in adults in the developed world and should not be taken lightly.

Periodontal disease begins when the toxins found in plaque start to attack the soft or gingival tissue surrounding the teeth. This bacterium embeds itself in the gum and rapidly breeds, causing a bacterial infection. As the infection progresses, it starts to burrow deeper into the tissue causing inflammation or irritation between the teeth and gums. The response of the body is to destroy the infected tissue, which is why the gums appear to recede. The resulting pockets between the teeth deepen and, if no treatment is sought, the tissue which makes up the jawbone also recedes causing unstable teeth and tooth loss.

Types of Periodontal Disease

There are many different varieties of periodontal disease, and many ways in which these variations manifest themselves. All require immediate treatment by a periodontist to halt the progression and save the gum tissue and bone.

Here are some of the most common types of periodontal disease along with the treatments typically performed to correct them:


Gingivitis is the mildest and most common form of periodontitis. It is caused by the toxins in plaque and leads to periodontal disease. People at increased risk of developing gingivitis include pregnant women, women taking birth control pills, people with uncontrolled diabetes, steroid users and people who control seizures and blood pressure using medication.

Treatment: Gingivitis is easily reversible using a solid combination of home care and professional cleaning. The dentist may perform root planing and deep scaling procedures to cleanse the pockets of debris. A combination of antibiotics and medicated mouthwashes may be used to kill any remaining bacteria and promote the good healing of the pockets.

Chronic Periodontal Disease

Chronic periodontal disease is the most common form of the disease, and occurs much more frequently in people over 45. Chronic periodontal disease is characterized by inflammation below the gum line and the progressive destruction of the gingival and bone tissue. It may appear that the teeth are gradually growing in length, but in actuality the gums are gradually recessing.

Treatment: Unfortunately unlike gingivitis, chronic periodontal disease cannot be completely cured because the supportive tissue cannot be rebuilt. However, the dentist can halt the progression of the disease using scaling and root planing procedures in combination with antimicrobial treatments. If necessary, the periodontist can perform surgical treatments such as pocket reduction surgery and also tissue grafts to strengthen the bone and improve the aesthetic appearance of the oral cavity.

Aggressive Periodontal Disease

Aggressive periodontal disease is characterized by the rapid loss of gum attachment, the rapid loss of bone tissue and familial aggregation. The disease itself is essentially the same as chronic periodontitis but the progression is much faster. Smokers and those with a family history of this disease are at an increased risk of developing aggressive periodontitis.

Treatment: The treatments for aggressive periodontal disease are the same as those for chronic periodontal disease, but aggressive periodontal disease sufferers are far more likely to require a surgical intervention. This form of the disease is harder to halt and treat, but the dentist will perform scaling, root planing, antimicrobial, and in some cases laser procedures in an attempt to save valuable tissue and bone.

Periodontal Disease Relating to Systemic Conditions

Periodontal disease can be a symptom of a disease or condition affecting the rest of the body. Depending on the underlying condition, the disease can behave like aggressive periodontal disease, working quickly to destroy tissue. Heart disease, diabetes and respiratory disease are the most common cofactors, though there are many others. Even in cases where little plaque coats the teeth, many medical conditions intensify and accelerate the progression of periodontal disease.

Treatment: Initially, the medical condition which caused the onset of periodontal disease must be controlled. The dentist will halt the progression of the disease using the same treatments used for controlling aggressive and chronic periodontal disease.

Necrotizing Periodontal Disease

This form of the disease rapidly worsens and is more prevalent among people who suffer from HIV, immunosuppression, malnutrition, chronic stress or choose to smoke. Tissue death (necrosis) frequently affects the periodontal ligament, gingival tissues and alveolar bone.

Treatment: Necrotizing periodontal disease is extremely rare. Because it may be associated with HIV or another serious medical condition, it is likely the dentist will consult with a physician before commencing treatment. Scaling, root planing, antibiotic pills, medicated mouth wash and fungicidal medicines are generally used to treat this form of the disease.

by Red Rocks Family Dentistry

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